Trinity Western University

Course Descriptions

Linguistics

NB: Canada Institute of Linguistics courses are a part of the Linguistics program at Trinity Western University. Students may pursue a major, concentration, or minor in Linguistics.


    • LING 101 Introduction to Linguistics (3 sem. hrs.)

      An introduction to the primary elements of linguistics, including an introduction to morphology and semantics (words and meaning), phonetics (the sounds of language), phonology (the sound systems of language), syntax (grammatical systems), sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, language acquisition theory, and current issues in linguistics. No previous knowledge of linguistics is required.

      Prerequisite(s): None. (3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 210 Language and Society (2 sem. hrs.)

      This course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

      Prerequisite(s): None. (Summer or 2-0; 2-0)


    • LING 268 Introduction to TESOL (3 sem. hrs.)

      This introductory course investigates the English language itself (what we teach), the various ELT methodologies and classroom techniques (how we teach), and the participants in the teaching/learning process (the who of ELT). LING 268 is a foundational course for further studies in the TESOL certificate program.

      Cross-listed: EDUC 268.

      Prerequisite(s): None. (3-0 ; 3-0)


    • LING 301 TESOL Volunteer Practicum (1 sem. hr.)

      This semester of classroom experience provides opportunities for students to link their TESL courses to school settings. Students volunteer in an ESL classroom in order to become more confident in the classroom, interacting with students and teachers, and carrying out activities that prepare them for the 400 level practicum.

      Co-requisites: LING 268, 305 or 306.


    • LING 302 Cross-cultural Communication (3 sem. hrs.)

      The nature of cross-cultural interaction, drawing attention both to the unexpected variations in other cultures as well as to the presuppositions from one's own culture that inhibit cross-cultural communication. The need to take into account the dynamic of constant cultural change will also be emphasized.

      Cross-listed: ANTH/COMM 302.

      Prerequisite(s): None. (3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 304 Tutoring English Language Learners (2 sem. hrs)

      This course highlights the unique aspects of tutoring English language learners. Students use needs- assessments to design individualized programs and lessons, as well as explore the business side of tutoring.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or instructor’s consent (2-0; 2-0)


    • LING 305 The of Grammar for TESOL Teachers (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course examines the structure, function, and usage of English grammar within the context of language teaching. LING 305 is a foundational course for further studies in the TESOL certificate program.

      Co-requisite: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent.

      Prerequisite(s): None. (3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 306 The Sound System of English (3 sem. hrs.)

      In this course, students explore the sounds of English, transcribing them with phonetic symbols, and discover how these sounds function within English to encode meaning. These findings are then applied to assist language learners with their pronunciation.

      NB: Linguistics majors should take LING 310 and 330 rather than LING 306.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or instructor’s consent. (3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics (3 sem. hrs.)

      Theoretical and practical introduction to the broad range of human speech sounds including tone, intonation, stress, and duration; extensive drill in producing and recognizing these sounds and recording them with phonetic symbols; and practice in recording and reproducing the sounds of selected languages.

      Prerequisite(s): None. (Summer or 3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 312 Testing in TESOL (1 sem. hr.)

      Students are introduced to various methods of testing in TESOL for all four skill areas: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Based on this knowledge, students create a variety of test materials for English language learners.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent. (1-0; 1-0)


    • LING 313 Teaching English Phonology and Intonation (1 sem. hr.)

      An introduction to the principles of phonology (the sound systems of languages), especially contrast, complementation, and free variation, and the principles of orthography (alphabet) design. Knowledge of these principles enables an ESL teacher to recognize why students may have difficulty with particular English sounds and to teach accent reduction. English intonation patterns.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 310. (1-0; 1-0)


    • LING 314 Teaching Beginners ESL (1 sem. hr.)

      Practical demonstrations of various methods for teaching beginning students with an emphasis on communicative theory and activities. Resource materials appropriate for classroom activities.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent. (1-0; 1-0)


    • LING 315 Computer Assisted Instruction in ESL (1 sem. hr.)

      Various theories underlying computer assisted ESL instruction. ESL software packages. Evaluation of the appropriateness of computer assisted learning software to various age groups, language abilities, and levels of English ability.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent. (1-0; 1-0)


    • LING 316 ESL Classroom Management in TESOL (1 sem. hr.)

      Students explore principles of classroom management, especially as they apply to TESOL. They become familiar with current sources of information on classroom management, and begin to develop a personal classroom management system that is appropriate to the varied TESOL audiences.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent. (1-0; 1-0)


    • LING 317 Materials Creation in TESOL (1 sem. hr.)

      This course highlights the foundational principles of materials design and evaluation in English-language teaching. Students evaluate published and teacher-made materials, and apply the principles to their own created materials in a practical workshop setting.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent. (1-0; 1-0)


    • LING 318 Using Drama in TESOL (1 sem. hr.)

      This hands-on course provides an introduction to using drama techniques in TESOL. Students critically examine and reflect on how drama activities can be used to contribute to the TESOL classroom.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent. (1-0; 1-0)


    • LING 319 Issues in TESOL and Missions (1 sem. hr.)

      This course examines the role English language teaching has played within the modern foreign missions movement. Criticisms of this approach are examined, issues clarified, assumptions articulated, and principles of a biblical, ethical approach are suggested.

      Co-requisites: LING 268 or EDUC 268 or instructor's consent. (1-0; 1-0)


    • LING 330 Phonological Analysis (3 sem. hrs.)

      The study of sound systems of human language, including initial principles of phonological analysis. Application of these principles to a wide range of natural language data.

      Co-requisites: LING 310. (Summer; 3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 360 Grammatical Analysis (5 sem. hrs.)

      Theories of grammar and principles of language analysis: morphology, syntax, stems, words, phrases, sentences, and categories of meaning. Problem solving with data from a variety of languages is a major part of the course.

      NB: Offered only during Summer sessions.

      Co-requisites: LING 310, 330.


    • LING 361 Morphology (3 sem. hrs.)

      Principles of grammatical analysis in morphology; the structure of words and the relationships between the parts of words. Formal analysis of language data and understanding the function of such items.

      NB: Students who have received credit for LING 360 may not receive credit for LING 361, 362.

      Co-requisites: LING 310, 330. (3-0; 0-0)


    • LING 362 Syntax (3 sem. hrs.)

      Principles of grammatical analysis in syntax; the structure of language above the level of words. Formal analysis of language data and understanding the function of such items.

      NB: Students who have received credit for LING 360 may not receive credit for LING 361, 362.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 361. (0-0; 3-0)


    • LING 365 Introduction to Language and Culture Learning (3 sem. hrs.)

      A practical introduction to language and culture learning for linguists, missionaries, and professionals who find themselves in areas where formal language instruction is not available. Students learn foundational principles of language acquisition and are exposed to a diverse range of language learning methodologies. Students exercise these methodologies in regular sessions where they meet with a speaker of a non-Indo-European language. Students learn to plan their own language learning, tailoring strategies to their individual learning styles.

      NB: Offered only during Summer sessions. Degree students should take LING 470 rather than LING 365.

      Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year standing or instructor’s consent.


    • LING 399 Linguistics Practicum (3 sem. hrs.)

      The linguistics practicum course is designed to give students a short-term practical experience in a language development program. Students work with a faculty member at TWU and a mentor on location to develop their ability as field linguists through making a contribution to language development work. The location, length of assignment, and work commitments are determined by the faculty member in consultation with the student and field mentor. 120 hours of work are required.

      Prerequisite(s): 14 sem. hrs. of linguistics (not including TESOL courses). Ideally, these courses are 210, 310, 330, 361 and 362. 480 and 481 are highly recommended prior to the practicum.


    • LING 401 TESOL Teaching Practicum (1 sem. hr.)

      In this final course in the TESOL certificate, students spend a minimum of 25 hours in an approved ESL/EFL program. Students utilize knowledge and skills learned in TESOL courses, learn to reflect on their classroom practices, and begin to articulate how their faith influences their classroom presence.

      NB: Pass/Fail course.

      Prerequisite(s): 20 sem. hrs. in TESOL Certificate (including LING 301 and LING 410 or 420).


    • LING 410 Teaching Listening and Speaking in TESOL (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course helps students acquire the practical knowledge and skills necessary to effectively teach listening and speaking to English language learners. The course provides an orientation to the theoretical perspectives of teaching listening and speaking, to a variety of classroom strategies and assessment methods, and to printed and online resources.

      Co-requisites: LING 306 or LING 310 and 330.

      Prerequisite(s): 10 sem. hrs. in TESOL Certificate (including LING 268, 305 and 301).


    • LING 420 Teaching Reading and Writing in TESOL Context (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course is designed to help students acquire the practical knowledge and skills to effectively teach reading and writing to English language learners. The course provides an orientation to the theoretical perspectives of teaching reading and writing, to a variety of classroom strategies and assessment methods, and to printed and online resources.

      Prerequisite(s): 10 sem. hrs. in TESOL Certificate (including LING 268, 301, and 305). (3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 460 Syntax and Semantics (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course introduces the rich variety of syntactic structures found in human language. Students examine features such as grammatical categories, simple clauses and constituent order typology, grammatical relations, and multi-clause constructions. Discussion of these and other topics are applied to the analysis of data from non-Indo-European languages, giving students the skills to write short grammatical descriptions (grammar sketches). The course emphasis is on understanding how language is used, and seeking to explain how language forms are themselves shaped by their use.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 210; 310, 330, 360 or 361 and 362 (3-0; 0-0)


    • LING 470 Language and Culture Acquisition (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course introduces students to theories of second language and second culture acquisition. Students develop and evaluate self-directed strategies based on personal learning styles. Practical experience in the above topics is gained by working with a speaker of a non-Indo-European language.

      NB: LING 460 and 480 are recommended in same semester

      Cross-listed: ANTH 470.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 210; 310, 330, 360 or 361 and 362. (3-2; 0-0)


    • LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management and Analysis (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course introduces students to aspects of linguistic fieldwork with an emphasis on practical methodology for managing and analyzing language and cultural data. Working with a native speaker of a non-Indo-European language, students gain experience in various aspects of fieldwork such as data collection and linguistic analysis. A significant part of the course is devoted to teaching students how to use current software that is useful for archiving language and cultural data. They also learn to use software that aids in managing data in a manner that is conducive to solid analysis.

      NB: LING 460 is recommended in same semester.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 310, 330, 360 or 361 and 362. (3-0; 0-0)


    • LING 481 Anthropological Linguistics: Ethnography (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course introduces crucial concepts in anthropology and ethnography to linguists. It focuses on cross-cultural communication with an emphasis on participant observation as an effective methodology for such research. Students collect and analyze data related to topics such as oral traditions, kinship, and social structure. They are introduced to various tools for ethno-semantic analysis, including analysis of cultural themes and worldview, semantic domain analysis, and taxonomic analysis.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 210, or equivalent introduction to sociolinguistics or instructor's consent. (3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 482 Issues in Community Literacy (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

      Co-requisite: LING 484. (0-0; 3-0)


    • LING 483 Language Program Design and Management (3 sem. hrs.)

      A survey of the linguistic and social factors involved in the development of programs for speakers of vernacular languages. Special attention is given to the effect of using the mother tongue and/or a second language in such programs. Students are taught to design a program to meet the needs of a specific language group.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 210 or instructor's consent. (0-0; 3-0)


    • LING 484 Principles of Literacy (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course covers principles involved in the introduction of literacy to ethno-linguistic minority groups. The course includes consideration of issues related to the value and place of literacy, orthography design, educational concerns such as learning and reading theory, instructional methodologies and transition and post literacy.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 310, 330, or instructor's consent. (3-0; 3-0)


    • LING 485 Principles of Translation (3 sem. hrs.)

      Theoretical basis and some hands-on skills for the transfer of meaning from one language to another. Source language, receptor language, and cross-language transfer, with particular attention to the translation of Scripture.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 460, 470, 480, or instructor’s consent. (0-0; 3-0)


    • LING 486 Advanced Phonological Analysis (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course introduces students to advanced concepts of phonological theory. Employing the theoretical models they are learning, students develop a clearer understanding of the typological behavior of phonological systems by analyzing data from a variety of languages. Students are also taught to integrate insights from phonological theory into the development of practical orthographies.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 310, 330; minimum grade of B-. (0-0; 3-0)


    • LING 490 Special Topics in Linguistics (3 sem. hrs.)

      An examination of special topics or issues in linguistics that are not covered in depth in other courses.

      NB: Offered on a case by case basis as needed. See Department chair.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 310, 330, 360, or equivalent courses, third year standing, and instructor's consent. (3-0 or 3-0)


    • LING 491 Discourse Analysis (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course teaches students to analyze the discourse structure and pragmatic functions of texts. Students learn to identify different discourse genre, chart texts for analysis, identify macrostructure and hierarchical units of texts, describe features of cohesion and participant reference, and identify strategies in language for achieving prominence (differentiating thematic or mainline information from background or collateral information). Emphasis is given to the interface between syntactic forms and their pragmatic functions, with special attention given to Normative Discourse (how language is used for evaluation, prescription, influence and persuasion).

      Prerequisite(s): LING 310, 330, 360 or equivalent courses, third year standing and instructor's consent. (0,0; 3-0)


    • LING 499 Philosophical Perspectives in Linguistics (3 sem. hrs.)

      This course examines the philosophical bases of human language and communication, with special attention to issues relating to semantics, discourse, lexicon, metaphor, and translation, etc.; all the areas that deal with meaning creation. There is a critical review of some major schools of thought within philosophy of language and hermeneutics. These are examined in light of current insights in text linguistics, cognitive linguistics, and integrational linguistics.

      Prerequisite(s): LING 310, 330, and 360. (3-0; 0-0)

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