Emphases

Within the Environmental Studies Program, there are four main emphases to choose from, three leading to a B.Sc. and one leading to a B.A. Regardless of emphasis, there are specific core courses required of all ENVS majors, covering the areas of Geography, Biology, and Chemistry, as well as a couple of courses that are specific to Environmental Studies, including an undergraduate thesis. To view a list of the Environmental Studies core courses as well as courses required for each of the four emphases described below, click here To access the program checklists for each emphasis, click here and look for Multidisciplinary Studies under the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (B.A.) or the Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences (B.Sc.).

Natural Systems and Resources Emphasis (B.Sc.)
By far the most popular of the ENVS emphases, this degree is a hybrid of both geography and biology. It is ideal for those interested in wildlife, reclamation, parks, ecological restoration, forest systems, marine systems, agriculture, land use planning, environmental consulting, resource management, conservation, and other naturalist occupations.

Biochemical Emphasis (B.Sc.)
This emphasis is ideal for those interested in applying chemical knowledge to biological systems, environmental toxicology, health effects, bioremediation, phytoremediation, biogeochemistry, applied chemistry, hazardous waste disposal, global elemental cycles, environmental consulting, chemical ecology, agriculture, pesticides, and toxic organics.

Physical and Analytical Emphasis (B.Sc.)
This emphasis focuses on physical and chemical processes, mechanisms, and the analysis of environmental parameters. It is ideal for those interested in environmental monitoring (industrial, agricultural, natural), environmental cleanup, environmental chemistry, environmental laboratory analysis, hazardous waste storage and remediation, biogeochemistry, global warming, environmental consulting, and energy issues.

Environmental Management and Planning Emphasis (B.A.)
This emphasis is geared to the planning, policy-making, and education aspects which accompany wise environmental management. Those interested in environmental law, land use policy, urban and regional planning, environmental consulting for business, academic, government or non-government agencies (including mission organizations), and elementary or secondary education will find this a flexible track. The greater number of elective choices allows a combination environmental studies/education major which fulfills the teachables required for the education program.