Program Requirements

Environmental Studies CoreNatural Systems & ResourcesBiochemical
Physical & AnalyticalEnvironmental Management & Planning

Environmental Studies Core Courses*:
BIOL 113 (General Biology – Ecology and Biodiversity)
BIOL 114 (General Biology – the Design of Life)
BIOL 381 (General Ecology)
CHEM 111 and 112 (Principles of Chemistry)
CHEM 370 (Environmental Chemistry)
ENVS 252 (Environmental Concerns: The Human Impact)
ENVS 452 (Environmental Seminar: People and Environment)
ENVS 409 (Thesis Preparation)
ENVS 410 or 411 (Senior Thesis)
GEOG 101 (Introduction to Physical Geography I)
GEOG 280 (Foundations of Cartography and Geographic Information Systems)
1 of: GEOG 102 (Introduction to Physical Geography II); GEOL 109 (Introduction to Physical Geology)
Plus, 6 sem. hrs. of field courses. Options include: BIOL 316 (Plant Ecology – taken on Salt Spring Island); BIOL 318 (Tropical Botany – taken in Hawaii); BIOL 364 (Coral Reef Ecology – taken in Hawaii); BIOL 382 (Marine Ecology – taken on Salt Spring Island); GEOG 384^ (Field Methods in Geography)
(Field course requirements may also be fulfilled through certain Au Sable Institute offerings)
* These requirements are subject to change. It is important for each student to pick up a program checklist from the department for the current requirements.
^required under the Environmental Management & Planning Emphasis

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Natural Systems and Resources Required Courses*:
1 of: MATH 102 (Introduction to Probability and Statistics); MATH 123 (Calculus I); GEOG 383 (Quantitative Methods in Geography)
1 of: BIOL 312 (Advanced Biology of Vascular Plants); BIOL 314 (Advanced Biology of Non-Vascular Plants); BIOL 315 (Plant Physiology)
1 of: BIOL 308 (Vertebrate Zoology); BIOL 345 (Vertebrate Physiology); BIOL 360 (Invertebrate Zoology)
1 of: BIOL 223 (Cell Biology); BIOL 334 (Basic and Applied Microbiology)
BIOL 482 (Applied Ecology)
1 of: GEOG/GEOL 310 (Soils Geography); GEOG 311 (Climatology); GEOG/GEOL 320 (Geomorphology)
GEOG 347 (Geography of Resource Management)
GEOG 390 (Introduction to Geographic Information Systems)
* These requirements are subject to change. It is important for each student to pick up a program checklist from the department for the current requirements.

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Biochemical Required Courses*:
MATH 123 (Calculus I)
BIOL 223 (Cell Biology)
BIOL 334 (Basic and Applied Microbiology)
1 of: BIOL 315 (Plant Physiology); BIOL 336 (Immunology); BIOL 344 (Environmental Physiology); BIOL 345 (Vertebrate Physiology); BIOL 372 (Molecular Genetics)
CHEM 221 and 222 (Organic Chemistry)
CHEM 384 (Principles of Biochemistry)
CHEM 386 (Biosynthesis)
* These requirements are subject to change. It is important for each student to pick up a program checklist from the department for the current requirements.

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Physical & Analytical Required Courses*:
MATH 123 (Calculus I)
CHEM 221 and 222 (Organic Chemistry)
1 of: CHEM 230 (Inorganic Chemistry), CHEM 240 (Physical Chemistry)
CHEM 355 and 356 (Modern Analytical Methods)
1 of: GEOG/GEOL 310 (Soils Geography), GEOG 311 (Climatology)
PHYS 111 and 112 (Fundamentals of Physics)
* These requirements are subject to change. It is important for each student to pick up a program checklist from the department for the current requirements.

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Environmental Management and Planning Required Courses*:
GEOG 110 (Land and Life)
GEOG 350 (Economic Geography)
GEOG 383 (Quantitative Methods in Geography)
GEOG 384 (Field Methods in Geography)
GEOG 390 (Introduction to Geographic Information Systems)
GEOG 466 (Regional and Land Use Planning)
HIST 235 or 236 (History of Canada)
PHIL 310 (Issues in Social Justice)
1 of: POLS 101 (Introduction to Political Studies); POLS 211 (International Politics); POLS 234 (Canadian Government and Politics); COMM 112 (Introduction to Mass Communications); COMM 213 (Introduction to Public Relations); BUSI/ECON 110 (Business in the Global Market); BUSI 111 (Introduction to Business and Management)
1 of: POLS 392 (Ethics and Public Affairs); GEOG 400 (Special Topics: Environmental Management); HIST/POLS 334 (History of Canadian Government and Politics); HIST 490 (Special Topics: Environmental History); GEOG/ECON 347 (Geography of Resource Development)
* These requirements are subject to change. It is important for each student to pick up a program checklist from the department for the current requirements.