Richard Sawatzky, RN, Ph.D.
Canada Research Chair in Patient Reported Outcomes, Associate Professor of Nursing
My research focuses on methods of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and quality of life measurement, and the intersections of spirituality, religiosity, culture, and other sources of diversity in various healthcare contexts, including those for people with chronic life-limiting conditions. I have particular interest in examining the implications of population heterogeneity with respect to individuals’ self-reports about their health status and quality of life. My current research includes studies about a palliative approach in nursing, the use of computerized assessment systems, methods for the measurement of quality of life in longitudinal studies, spiritual and religious diversity in healthcare, educational approaches for patients with colorectal cancer, and patients' experiences with knee surgery. My clinical background is in palliative care and medical nursing care. I have been part of the School of Nursing faculty at TWU since 2002 and have taught in undergraduate courses on nursing research, medical and surgical nursing, nursing care of older adults, and health assessment. I teach courses on knowledge synthesis and quantitative research methods in the master of science in nursing program.
Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (2007)
University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Dissertation: The Measurement of Quality of Life and its Relationship with Perceived Health Status in Adolescents.Funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, and the Canadian Nurses Foundation
• full text of dissertation
• dissertation slides
• Related publications and presentations
Master of Science in Nursing (2002)
University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Bachelor of Science in Nursing (1999)
Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, Canada
Research & Scholarship
Current research activities
Development and Validation of a Patient-reported Measure of Compassionate Care. S. Sinclair, T. Hack, R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); H. Chochinov, N. Hagen, D. Heyland, S. McClement, C. Puchalski, S. Raffin Bouchal, L. Selman, K. Stajduhar, & G. Thompson (co-investigators); D. Barwich, S. Baxter, S. Cory, D. Dudgeon, L. Embleton, H. Forbes, E. Garland, M. Harlos, L. Lechelt, C. Leget, P. Quail, & A. Sinnarajah (knowledge-users); M. Krawczyk, L. Russell, & P. Singh (trainees); M. Doucet, M. Jajszczok, G. Kimel, M. Patton, & B. Wheler (collaborators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $835,000.
Electronic Patient-reported Outcomes in Clinical Kidney Practice (ePRO Kidney). K. Schick-Makaroff & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); S. Klarenbach (principal knowledge user); R. Cohen, S. Palfreyman, & R. Pauly (co-investigators); L. Cuthbertson, J. MacRae, R. Quinn, F. Reintjes, & J. Wu (knowledge-users); B. Forde, L. Lee, F. Robles, G.Vitale, & J. Voth (collaborators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $555,000.
- Integrated approach to palliative care in acute care (iPAC-AC). K. Stajduhar (project leader & principal investigator). N. Hilliard & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators). G. Doane, D. Roberts, S. Reimer-Kirkham, L. Matheson, & C. Meyerman (co-investigators). P. Roy & N. Wikjord (HQPs). Funder: Canadian Frailty Network, Catalyst Grant, $100,000.
A meta-narrative review of patient- and family-reported experience and outcome measures across transitions of care for frail seniors living at home.
R. Sawatzky & Schick-Makaroff (principal investigators). L. Cuthbertson (principal knowledge user). Bryan, D. Dixon, A. Gadermann, L.B. Russell, K. Stajduhar, G. Wong (co-investigators). N. Hilliard, K. Leeb, M. Mancuso, M. McGregor, C. Tayler. Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Knowledge Synthesis Grant, $100,000
Integrating a quality of life assessment and practice support system in homecare services for older adults with life-limiting illness and their families.
R. Sawatzky (principal investigator); R. Cohen, K. Schick-Makaroff, K. Stajduhar (co-principal investigators); N. Hilliard (clinician lead/principal knowledge user); L. Zetes-Zanatta (decision maker/ principal knowledge user); Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, K. Fraser, A. Gadermann, E. Laforest, M. Parrilla Lopez, S. Reimer-Kirkham, P.A. Ratner, L. Russell, H. Tsang, M. Santana, D. Whitehurst (co-investigators); T. Edwards, G. Ewing, G. Grande, J. Öhlén (international collaborators); S. Baxter, S. Brown, J. Carlson, S. Cory, L. Cuthbertson, J. Gerke, B. McLeod, C. Paul, J. Resin, D. Roberts, C. Tayler, D. Williscroft, J. Warneboldt (knowledge users); J. Haskins, M. Kundert (collaborators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Electronic Health Innovation Partnership Program; C$735,140. Partners: Fraser Health; Cambian Business Services, Inc; J. Voth & Intogrey Research and Development. This research is supported by: Geoff Cowman, CARP (Richmond/Delta. www.carp.ca); Barb MacLean, Family Caregivers of British Columbia (www.familycaregiversbc.ca); Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (www.chpca.net); The Canadian Virtual Hospice www.virtualhospice.ca); Mary Lok, Alies Maybee, Catherine Yau (patient/family caregiver representatives). 2015 –2019.
Statistical Methods for Patient-Reported Outcome Measures.
Principal investigators: R. Sawatzky, T.T. Sajobi. Co-investigators: E.R. Bohm, S. Bryan, A.M. Gadermann, W. Hopman, J. Liu, L. Lix, N.E. Mayo, K.M. Sibley, X. Wu. Knowledge users: L.N. Cuthbertson, G.K. Webster. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Operational Grant Program; $309,764. 2015 –2018
Development and Validation of Canadian Health Literacy Measurement Tool For Chronic. Disease Management.
Principal investigators: J.M. Fitzgerald, J.A. Kopec. Co-investigators: S.D. Aaron, C. Bergeron, L-P. Boulet, Louis-Philippe, J. Bourbeau, R.S. Goldstein, S. Gupta, N.A. Khan, D.D. Marciniuk, L.E. Nimmon, I.M. Poureslami, I. Rootman, R. Sawatzky, W. Tan. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Operational Grant Program; $803,004. 2015 –2020
Integrating a Quality of Life Assessment and Practice Support System in Palliative Homecare.
R. Sawatzky (PI) & R. Cohen (PI); K. Stajduhar (co-PI); C. Taylor (knowledge user co-PI); Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, A. Gadermann, P.A. Ratner, S. Reimer Kirkham, K. Schick-Makaroff, H. Tsang, M. Santana (co-investigators); G. Ewing, G. Grande, J. Öhlén, T. Edwards (international collaborators); S. Baxter, C. Beveridge, S. Cory, M. Johnson, H. Lee, B McLeod, J. Warneboldt. (Knowledge users); E. Laforest, S. Wang (TVN trainees). Funder: Technology Evaluation for the Elderly, Catalyst Program; $99,983. This research is in partnership with: J. Voth & Intogrey Research and Development; The Canadian Virtual Hospice (www.virtualhospice.ca); Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (www.chpca.net). 2015 –2016
Development of a Framework for International Partnership on Palliative Care Research and a Graduate Course.
J. Öhlén (PI), R. Sawatzky, K. Årestedt, S. Reimer-Kirkham. The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education. ($150,000 Swedish Krona). 2014 – 2015.
Integrating Quality of Life Assessments into Acute Care for Older Adults with Chronic Life-limiting Illness.
R. Sawatzky (PI) & R. Cohen (PI), K. Stajduhar, K. (Co-PI), Schick-Markaroff, A. Gadermann, K. Arestedt, J. Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, D. Heyland, N. Kogan, S. Lauck, J. Ohlen, S. Reimer Kirkham, H. Tsang (Co-Investigators), G. King, E. LaForest, J. Lett, C. Neufeld, K. Schick Makaroff, J. Voth (TVN Trainees). Technology Evaluation for the Elderly, Catalyst Program; $99,856 (TWU: $90,916; Jewish General Hospital: $8,940). 2014 –2015
Improving the Quality of Life of Family Caregivers of Cancer Patients at the End of Life: The Caregiver Support Needs Assessment Intervention.
K. Stajduhar (Nominated PI), R. Sawatzky (PI), R. Cohen, L. Funk, K. Votova, G. Grande, G. Ewing, S. Aoun, C. Toye, C. Wilkinson. Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute (CCSRI); $99,907 per annum ($299, 722 total). 2014 – 2017
Improving the Quality of Life of Family Caregivers at the End of Life: The Caregiver Support Needs Assessment Intervention.
K. Stajduhar (Nominated PI), R. Sawatzky (PI), R. Cohen, L. Funk, K. Votova, G. Grande, G. Ewing, S. Aoun, C. Toye, C. Wilkinson, B. MacLean. Technology Evaluation in the Elderly Network, Core Research Program; $200,000 per annum ($600,000 total). 2014 – 2017
Patient- and family-reported experience and outcome measures for elderly acute care patients: A knowledge synthesis.
R. Sawatzky (PI), A. Gadermann, D. Dixon, K.S. Makaroff, K. Stajduhar, R. Cohen, S. Bryan (Co-Investigators), C. Tayler (Principal Knowledge User), D. Roberts, J. Lett, L.Cuthbertson, M. McGregor, N. Hilliard (Co-Knowledge Users). Technology Evaluation in the Elderly Network; $49,972 total. 2013 – 2014 Summary
Developing and Implementing a Patient Reported Outcome Evaluation Platform in Canada: Potential Benefits and Challenges.
S. Ahmed & S. Bartlett (PI’s), P.A. Ratner & R. Sawatzky (Co-applicants); $23,620 total. 2013 – 2014
Why are so many patients dissatisfied with knee replacement surgery? Exploring variations of the patient experience.
R. Mehin (Co-PI), S. Bryan (Co-PI), J. Davis, L.J. Goldsmith, R. Sawatzky, & M. Wasdell. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (2011-2014, $339.600).
Person centred communication and information for colorectal cancer patients from diagnosis to the recovery following surgery: Development of a clinical team oriented intervention model.
J. Öhlén (PI), F. Friberg, E. Carlsson, G. Carlsson, H. Rystedt, L. Hydén, S. Määttä, R. Sawatzky, R. Kokkinakis, & M. Forsberg. University of Gothenburg, Centre for Person-Centred Care (2011/03-2014/02, SEK 4 225 000).
Integration of a Palliative Approach for Nursing.
K. I. Stadjuhar (Co-PI), C. Tayler (Co-PI), R. Sawatzky and 12 other co-investigators. Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (12/2010-11/2014, $800,000). See: http://www.ipanel.ca
Completed research activities
A mixed methods knowledge synthesis about nursing care delivery and practice supports for a palliative approach.
R. Sawatzky (Researcher Co-Leader), P. Porterfield (Practitioner Co-Leader), K. Stajduhar, J. Baumbusch, B. Pesut, S. Reimer-Kirkham, D. Roberts, C. Tayler, T. Schalkwyk, & S. Thorne. Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, British Columbia Nursing Research Initiative (2012-2014, $125,000 per annum).
Patient-reported outcome measurement in the context of primary health care reform: A systematic review and expedited knowledge synthesis.
S. Bryan (PI), J. Davis, S. Lewis, K. McGrail, M. McGregor, R. Sawatzky (co-investigator), & M. Dawes. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Evidence on Tap: Expedited Knowledge Synthesis (2012-2013, $100,000).
The analysis of patient-reported outcome measures: Statistical methods for response shift (PROM-RS).
L. Lix (PI), R. Sawatzky (co-investigator), N. Mayo, & R. T. Sajobi. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Saskatchewan Regional Partnership Program (2012-2014, $139,432)
Palliative Care without Borders: Rural Integrated Palliative Approach Team.
Pesut, B. (PI), Hooper, B., Robinson, C., Bottorff, J., Sawatzky, R., Clarke, W., Lehbauer, S., Nutinii, T., Nielsen, B., Jacobsen, M. Peter Wall Foundation. (2012/02-2014/02, $220,000).
A mixed methods knowledge synthesis of a palliative approach.
Stajduhar (co-PI), Sawatzky (co-PI) & team. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (2011-2012, $100,000).
Developing seamless cardiac care for rural populations.
Pesut (Co-PI), C. Laberge (Co-PI), R. Sawatzky(Co-investigator). Institute for Healthy Living and Chronic Disease Prevention (04/2011-03/2012, $10,000).
The Analysis of Longitudinal Health-Related Quality of Life Data: Statistical Methods for Response Shift.
L. Lix (PI), N. Mayo, T. Sajobi, J. Liu, R. Sawatzky. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (04/2010-03/2012, $200.000).
Patient-reported health outcomes. Addressing biases in computerized adaptive assessment systems.
R. Sawatzky (PI), P.A. Ratner, B.D. Zumbo, J.A. Kopec, A. Wu. Trinity Western University Internal Grant (12/2009-09/2011, $2,000).
Considering Place: Religious, Spiritual and Cultural Plurality in Home Health Care.
S. Reimer Kirkham (PI), S. Grypma, B. Pesut, R. Sawatzky, & S. Sharma. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (04/2009-03/2012, $139,440).
Ongoing research: Validating a computerized adaptive test to evaluate the impact of joint problems on quality of life.
R. Sawatzky, J.A. Kopec, P.A. Ratner, and B.D. Zumbo (University of British Columbia). Post-doctoral funding for this research was provided by: Canadian Arthritis Network (09/2008-09/2009, $25,000); Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (09/2008-09/2009, $17,000 + $4,000); Arthritis Research Centre of Canada (09/2008-09/2009, $21,655).
This research contributes to the development of a computerized system to obtain information from patients about the impact of arthritis on health outcomes (including daily activities, walking ability, handling objects, pain or discomfort, and emotional well-being) that are relevant to their quality of life. Further information about this project is available a
Ongoing research: An analysis of the media discourse related to cannabis use.
J. Johnson (PI), M.L. Young, P.A. Ratner, R. Sawatzky, R. Haines, L. Greaves, J.A. Shoveler, A. Ostry, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, $100,000.
The negotiation of religious plurality in health care services.
Reimer-Kirkham (PI), H. Meyerhoff, B. Pesut, R. Sawatzky (collaborator). Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, $63,341.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the negotiation of religious plurality in health care settings, and the social, cultural, historical, economic, and political contexts that shape these social dynamics.
The use of innovative clinical placements in nursing education: A national survey.
Reimer Kirkham, C. Hoe Harwood, L. R. Terblanche, R. Sawatzky. Western Region Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing, Nursing Education Research Grant, $2,500. Click here for further information about this project.
Toward an explanation of observed ethnic differences in youths' tobacco use.
The purpose of this study is to examine whether the difference in our observed smoking rates of Asian and white youth could be accounted for by demographic (gender, employment status, parental education, and income) and social factors including differences in youths' relationships with their parents, immigration status (born in Canada), and environmental smoking characteristics such as exposure to peers or parents that smoke. This study is completed incollaboration with Dr. Ratner and Dr. Johnson at the University of British Columbia School of Nursing.
A Meta-anaysis of the relationship between spirituality and quality of life.
Masters thesis on spirituality and quality of life
Slides on Spirituality and Quality of Life
Examining the relationships between health outcomes and quality of life in adults with and without chronic conditions.
R. Sawatzky & P.A. Ratner. Project approved by Statistical Canada for use of Canadian Community Health Survey (cycle 2.1) data).
Examining the relationship between spirituality and quality of life in adolescents.
R. Sawatzky, A. Gaderman and B. Pesut.
Examining the relationship between quality of life and perceived health status in adolescents.
This research was completed in partial fulfillment of the degree of doctor of science in philosophy at the school of nursing of the University of British Columbia and was funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, and the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research.
Click here for related publications and presentations.
full text of dissertation dissertation slides
- Development and Validation of a Patient-reported Measure of Compassionate Care. S. Sinclair, T. Hack, R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); H. Chochinov, N. Hagen, D. Heyland, S. McClement, C. Puchalski, S. Raffin Bouchal, L. Selman, K. Stajduhar, & G. Thompson (co-investigators); D. Barwich, S. Baxter, S. Cory, D. Dudgeon, L. Embleton, H. Forbes, E. Garland, M. Harlos, L. Lechelt, C. Leget, P. Quail, & A. Sinnarajah (knowledge-users); M. Krawczyk, L. Russell, & P. Singh (trainees); M. Doucet, M. Jajszczok, G. Kimel, M. Patton, & B. Wheler (collaborators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $835,000.
Cohen, S.R., Sawatzky, R., Russell, L.B., Shahidi, J., Heyland, D.K., & Gadermann, A.M. (accepted: June 24, 2016). Measuring the quality of life of people at the end of life: The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire - Revised (MQOL-R). Palliative Medicine, online first: doi: 10.1177/0269216316659603
Holroyd-Leduc, J., Resin, J., Ashley, L., Barwich, D., Elliott, J., Huras, P., Légaré, F., Mahoney, M.K., Maybee, A., McNeil, H., Pullman, D., Sawatzky, R., Stolee, P., & Muscedere, J. (2016). Giving voice to older adults living with frailty and their family caregivers: Engagement in research, health care decision making, and in health policy. Research Involvement and Engagement, (2)1, 1-19.
Ventura, F., Sawatzky, R., Öhlén, J., Karlsson, P., Koinberg, I. (accepted May 6 2016). Person-centred e-support: Foundations for the development of nursing interventions in outpatient cancer care. European Journal of Cancer Care.
Sawatzky, R., Chan, E.K.H., Zumbo, B.D., Bingham, C., Gardner, W., Jutai, J., Kuspinar, A., Sajobi, T., Lix, L.M. (accepted January 2016). Challenges and opportunities in patient-reported outcomes validation. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.
Ventura, F., Koinberg, I., Karlsson, P., Sawatzky, R., Öhlén, J. (2016). Purposeful agency in support seeking during cancer treatment from a person-centered perspective. Global Qualitative Research, 3, 1-16. http://gqn.sagepub.com/content/3/2333393616630672
Reimer-Kirkham, S., Terblanche, L., Sawatzky, R., Hoe Eriksen. (2016). Host agency perspectives on facilitating community-based clinical experiences for nursing students. Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière, 2(1), article 3. doi: 10.17483/2368-6669.1048
Reimer-Kirkham, S., Sawatzky, R., Roberts, D., Cochrane, M., Stajduhar, K. (accepted February 2016). "Close to" a palliative approach: a qualitative study of nurses’ and nursing assistants’ descriptions of caring for people with advancing chronic life-limiting conditions. Journal of Clinical Nursing.
Lix, L. M., Wu, X., Hopman, W., Mayo, N., Sajobi, T. T., Liu, J., . . . Sawatzky, R. (2016). Differential Item Functioning in the SF-36 Physical Functioning and Mental Health Sub-Scales: A Population-Based Investigation in the Canadian Multi-centre Osteoporosis Study. PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0151519. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151519
Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P.A., Kopec, J.A., Wu, A.D., Zumbo, B.D. (2016). The accuracy of computerized adaptive testing in heterogeneous populations: A mixture item-response theory analysis. PLOS One, 11(3): e0150563. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150563
Sawatzky, R., Porterfield, P., Lee, J., Dixon, D., Lounsbury, K., Pesut, B., Roberts, D., Tayler, C., Voth, J., & Stajduhar, K. (2016). Conceptual foundations of a palliative approach: A knowledge synthesis. BMC Palliative Care, 15(5). doi: 10.1186/s1290401600769. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-684X/15/5
Lix, L.M., Chan, E.K.H., Sawatzky, R., Sajobi, T.T., Liu, J., Hopman, W., Mayo, M. (online first 2015). Response shift and disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease. Quality of Life Research. doi: 10.1007/s11136-015-1188-z. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11136-015-1188-z
Andreae, C., Strömberg, A., Sawatzky, R., Årestedt, K. (2015). Psychometric evaluation of two appetite questionnaires in patients with heart failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 21(12), 954-958. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2015.10.006
Lauck, S.B., Sawatzky, R., Johnson, J.L., Humphries, K.H., Bennett, M.T., Chakrabarti, S., Kerr, C.R., Tung, S., Yeung-Lai-Wah, J.A., Ratner, P.A. (2015). Sex is associated with differences in individual trajectories of change in social health status after implantable cardioverterdefibrillator. Circulation, 8, 21-30. doi: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.114.001607
Pesut, B., Hooper, B.P., Robinson, C.A., Bottorff, J.L., Sawatzky, R., Dalhuisen, M. (Accepted September 25, 2014). Planning and Implementation Strategy for a Rural Palliative Supportive Service. Rural and Remote Health.http://www.rrh.org.au/articles/showabstractearly.asp?ArticleID=3116
Pesut, B., Potter, G., Stajduhar, K., Sawatzky, R., McLeod, B., Drabot, K. (2015). Palliative Approach Education for Rural Nurses and Health Care Workers: A mixed-method study. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 21 (3), 142-151. doi: 10.12968/ijpn.2015.21.3.142.
Bryan, S., Davis, J., Broesch, J., Doyle-Waters, M.M., Lewis, S., McGrail, K., McGregor, M.J., Murphy, J.M., Sawatzky, R. (2014). Choosing your partner for the PROM: A review of evidence on patient-reported outcome measures for use in primary and community care. Healthcare Policy, 10(2), 38-51. doi: 10.12927/hcpol.2015.24035
Henoch, I., Sawatzky, R., Falk, H., Fridh, I., Ung, E.J., Sarenmalm, E.K., Ozanne, A., Öhlén, J. Falk, K. (2014). Symptom Distress Profile in hospitalised patients in Sweden: A point prevalence study.R esearch in Nursing and Health, 37(6), 512-523. doi: 10.1002/nur.21624
Ahmed, S., Sawatzky, R., Levesque, J.F., Ehrmann-Feldman, D., Schwartz, C. (first published online: 2 June 2014). Minimal Evidence of Response Shift in the Absence of a Catalyst. Quality of Life Research. doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0699-3.
Pesut, B., Sawatzky, R., Stajduhar, K.I., McLeod, B., Erbacker, L., Chan, E.K.H. (2014). Educating nurses for palliative care: A scoping review. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 16(1), 47-54. doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000021
Haines-Saah, R., Johnson, J.L., Repta, R., Ostry, A., Young, M.L., Sawatzky, R., Shoveller, J.A., Greaves, L., Ratner, P.A. (2014). The privileged normalization of marijuana use: An analysis of Canadian newspaper reporting. Critical Public Health, 24(1), 47-61. doi: 10.1080/09581596.2013.771812 (Publisher Link)
Smith F , Carlsson E , Kokkinakis D , Forsberg M , Kodeda K , Sawatzky R , Friberg F , Ohlén J. (2014). Readability, suitability and comprehensibility in patient education materials for Swedish patients with colorectal cancer undergoing elective surgery: A mixed method design. Patient education and counseling. 94(2), 202-209.
Thorne, S., & Sawatzky, R. (2014). Particularizing the General: Sustaining Theoretical Integrity in the Context of an Evidence-Based Practice Agenda. Advances in Nursing Science, 37(1), 5-18.
Ventura, F., Sawatzky, R., Ohlén, J., Karlsson, P., Koinberg, I. (2013). Evaluation of a Web-based Educational Program for Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer: Why is the Intervention Effect Absent? Studies in health technology and informatics, 192, 1132.
Pesut, B., Hooper, B., Sawatzky, R., Robinson, C.A., Bottorff, J.L., Dalhuisen, M. (2013). The elusive search for quality care at end of life: Framework for a rural palliative approach supportive service. Palliative Care: Research and Treatment, 7, 7-17. doi: 10.4137/PCRT.S11908 (Publisher Link)
Schwartz, C.E., Ahmed, S., Sawatzky, R., Tolulope, S., Mayo, N., Finkelstein, J., Lix, L., Verdam, M.G.E., Oort, F.J., Sprangers, M.A.G. (2013). Guidelines for secondary analysis in search of response shift. Quality of Life Research, 22(10), 2663-2673. doi: 10.1007/s11136-013-0402-0 (PubMed) (Publisher Link)
Reimer-Kirkham, S., Pesut, B., Sawatzky, R., Cochrane, M., & Redmond, A. (2012.). Discourses of spirituality and leadership in nursing: A mixed-methods analysis. Journal of Nursing Management, 20(8), 1029–1038. (Publisher link)
Pesut, B., Laberge, C., Sawatzky, R., Mallinson, J., Rush, K. (First published online, August 27, 2012). Understanding the landscape: Promoting health for rural individuals after tertiary level cardiac revascularization. Journal of Rural Health. (Publisher link)
Lix, L.M., Tolulope, T., Sawatzky, R., Liu, J., Mayo, N.E., Huang, Y., Graff, L.A., Walker, J.R., Ediger, J., Clara, I., Sexton, K., Carr, R., Bernstein, C.N. (First published online, 2012). Relative importance measures for reprioritization response shift. Quality of Life Research. (Publisher link)
Voth, J., Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P.A., Young, M.L., Repta, R., Haines-Saah, R., & Johnson, J.L. (2013). A computer-assisted approach to filtering large numbers of documents for media analyses. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 16(1), 13-30. doi: 10.1080/13645579.2011.645700. (Publisher link)
Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P.A., Richardson, C.G., Washburn, C., Sudmant, W., & Mirwaldt, P. (2012). Stress and depression in students: The mediating role of stress-management self-efficacy. Nursing Research, 61(1), 13-21. doi: 10.1097/NNR.0b013e31823b1440. (PubMed)
Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P.A., Kopec, J.A., & Zumbo, B.D. (2012). Latent variable mixture models: A promising approach for the validation of patient reported outcomes. Quality of Life Research, 21(4), pp. 637-650. DOI:10.1007/s11136-011-9976-6. (PubMed) |(Publisher link) | Pre-published version: (PDF)
Reimer-Kirkham, S., Sharma, S., Pesut, B., Sawatzky, R., Meyerhoff, H., Cochrane, M. (2011). Sacred spaces in public places: Religious and spiritual plurality in healthcare. Nursing Inquiry, 19(3), 202-12. (PubMed) (Publisher link)
Pesut, B., Reimer-Kirkham, S. & Sawatzky, R. (2010). Hospitable hospitals in a diverse society: From chaplains to spiritual care providers. Journal of Religion and Health. doi:10.1007/s10943-010-9392-1 (PubMed) (Publisher link)
Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P.A., Johnson, J.L., Kopec, J.A., & Zumbo, B.D. (2010). Self-reported physical and mental health status and quality of life in adolescents: A latent variable mediation model. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 8, 17-50. (PubMed) Full text: http://www.hqlo.com/content/8/1/17
Published contributions to a collective work and book chapter
Cohen, S.R., & Sawatzky, R. (2015). Quality of life assessment in palliative care. In Bruera, E., Higginson, I., von Gunten, C.F., & Morita, T. (eds.) Textbook of Palliative Medicine and Supportive Care (2nd ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press Sawatzky, R., & Ratner, P.A. (2014). Medline. In A. Michalos (ed.). Encyclopedia of well-being quality of life. Dordrecht: Springer, pp 3975-3981. Thorne, S., & Sawatzky, R. (2014). Nursing. In A. Michalos (ed.). Encyclopedia of well-being and quality of life. Dordrecht: Springer. pp 4399-4402.
Sawatzky, R., & Ratner, P.A. (2014). Medline. In A. Michalos (ed.). Encyclopedia of well-being quality of life. Dordrecht: Springer, pp 3975-3981.
Thorne, S., & Sawatzky, R. (2014). Nursing. In A. Michalos (ed.). Encyclopedia of well-being and quality of life. Dordrecht: Springer. pp 4399-4402.
R. Sawatzky & L. Terblanche (2011). The measurement of religious concepts in nursing. In M. Fowler, E. Johnston Taylor, B. Pesut, S. Reimer-Kirkham, & R. Sawatzky. Religion, Religious Ethics, and Nursing. Springer. (Publisher Link).
Ratner, P.A., & Sawatzky, R. (2011). Approaches to the measurement of gender. In: J.L. Oliffe & L. Greaves (Eds.), Designing gender, sex, and health research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (Publisher Link).
Memberships & Affiliations
- Research Scientist, Centre for Health Evaluation & Outcome Sciences (www.cheos.ubc.ca)
- Affiliate Associate Professor, University of British Columbia, School of Education, Measurement Evaluation and Research Methodology Program
- Adjusting Associate Professor, University of Victoria, School of Nursing
- Elected Member of the Board of Directors, International Society for Quality of Life Research (www.isoqol.org).
Courses Taught at TWU
- Nursing Inquiry II (quantitative methods) (N540)
- Knowledge synthesis (N520)
- Consolidation of Nursing Practice (N482)
- Nursing Research (N332)
- Nursing Care of Older Adults (N245)
- Health Assessment (N116)
Awards & Honours
- Applied Research in Quality of Life (ARQOLS) Best Paper Award 2009 for: Sawatzky, R., Gadermann, A., Pesut, B. (2009). An investigation of the relationships between spirituality, health status and quality of life in adolescents. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 4, 5-22. Presented by the International Society for Quality of Life Studies & Springer Publishers, December, 2010.
- New Investigator Award for an oral presentation entitled "Latent class factor analysis of SF-36 physical function indicates lack of invariance of discrimination and difficulty parameters", International Society of Quality of Life Research, October 25, 2008.
- Postdoctoral Fellowship, "Validating a Computer Adaptive Test for the Measurement of Health Outcomes in Adults with Musculoskeletal Disorders", Arthritis Research Center, Canada, Effective: 09/2008-09/2009, $15,000.
- Postdoctoral Fellowship, "Validating a Computer Adaptive Test for the Measurement of Health Outcomes in Adults with Musculoskeletal Disorders", Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, Canada, Effective: 09/2008-09/2009, $10,000 (plus $7,000 incentive stipend and $4,000 research and travel allowance).
- Postdoctoral Fellowship Award. "Validating a Computer Adaptive Test for the Measurement of Health Outcomes Relevant to Arthritis", Canadian Arthritis Network, Effective: 09/2008-09/2009, $25,000.
- Student Award for a poster entitled "The Mediating Effect of Physical Activity on Chronic Disease and Health Outcomes in Older Adults", International Society of Quality of Life Research, October 14, 2006.
- Flora S Musgrave Scholarship in Nursing, University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Canada, Effective: 08/24/2006, $1,000.
- Ethel Johns and Isabel Maitland Stewart Memorial Scholarship, University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Canada, Effective: 09/2005, $2,900.
- Doctoral Award - Canadian Nurses Foundation, Canada, Effective: 06/2005-06/2006, $3,000.
- Canada Graduate Scholarships Doctoral Awards, Canadian Institute for Health Research, Canada, Effective: 09/2004-09/2007, $35,000 per annum.
- Senior Graduate Studentship Award - Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, Canada, Effective: 09/2004-09/2007, $7,000 per annum.
- Margaret A Campbell Scholarship, University of British Columbia, School of Graduate Studies, Canada, Effective: 09/2003, $2,400.
- Graduate Entrance Scholarship, University of British Columbia, School of Graduate Studies, Canada, Effective: 09/2003, $3,600.
- Katherine McMillan Director's Discretionary Fund, University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Canada, Effective: 05/2002, Ending: 05/2003, Spirituality and Quality of Life Research, $2,000.
- Outstanding Graduate Thesis Award, University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Canada, $500, April 2002.
- Academic Excellence Award, Trinity Western University, Nursing Department, Canada, April 1999.