Code Course Credits
BIOL 113 BIOL 113 - Principles of Biology I

An introduction to the basic relationships governing the existence of all living organisms, with emphasis on ecology and adaptation of representative life forms. Consideration is given to classification and surveys of the major plant and animal groups with emphasis on unifying elements and diversities.Prerequisite(s): Biology 11 or 12 or equivalent. (3-3; 0-0)

BIOL 114 BIOL 114 - Principles of Biology II

An introduction to the basic relationships governing the existence of all living organisms. Consideration is given to the anatomy and physiology at all levels as these relate to the energy requirements, inheritance, reproduction, development, and adaptation of representative life forms.Prerequisite(s): Biology 11 or 12 equivalent. (0-0; 3-3)

BIOL 381 BIOL 381 - General Ecology

A study of the structure and dynamics of ecosystems. Consideration of plant and animal populations in relation to physical, chemical, and biological factors affecting their interaction and productivity. Considerable laboratory time is devoted to the study of local ecosystems, field sampling techniques, and field trips to ecological research stations.Prerequisite(s): BIOL 103, 104, and 105; or BIOL 113, 114; or equivalent. (0-0; 3-3)

CHEM 111 CHEM 111 - Principles of Chemistry I

This course considers modern concepts in the fundamental laws and principles of chemistry. Investigated topics include: stoichiometry, and chemical calculations, nature of solutions, thermochemistry, molecular bonding and structure, and descriptive inorganic chemistry. NB: Credit is not given for both CHEM 103 and CHEM 111.

Prerequisite(s): Chemistry 12 or instructor’s permission.. (3-1-3; 0-0-0)

CHEM 112 CHEM 112 - Principles of Chemistry II

Modern concepts in the fundamental laws and principles of chemistry: molecular bonding and structure, stoichiometry, and chemical calculations, thermochemistry, nature of solutions, introduction to chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, acids, bases and buffer systems, elementary energy concepts, introduction to organic chemistry, and descriptive inorganic chemistry.

NB: Credit is not given for both CHEM 104 and 112.

NB: CHEM 111 normally precedes CHEM 112.

Prerequisite(s): CHEM 111, CHEM 103 with mark > B, or Chemistry 12 or equivalent with instructor’s permission.. (0-0-0; 3-1-3)

GEOG 121 GEOG 121 - Earth & Atmospheric Science

An introduction to the fundamental concepts and systems of Earth and atmospheric science from a geographic perspective. Emphasis is placed on the origins and development of Earth's surface features; the characteristics and circulations of the atmosphere, including weather and global climates; and the biophysical principles governing vegetation on Earth.NB: Fulfils academic core laboratory science requirements.Cross-listed: ENVS 121Prerequisite(s): None. (3-3; 3-3)

GEOG 131 GEOG 131 - Global Environmental Issues

An investigation of the scientific principles behind global environmental issues. The course focuses on key ecological concepts and the changing relationship of humans with the natural world including the different approaches to understanding and solving environmental problems, from local to global scales. It investigates such issues as human populations and environmental impact; loss of species biodiversity; air, water, and soil pollution; energy use; climate change; and waste management.NB: Fulfils academic core natural science requirements.Cross-listed: ENVS 131.Prerequisite(s): None. (3-0; 3-0

GEOG 282 GEOG 282 - Geographic Information Systems

This course introduces the basic principles of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). It focuses on the theory and practice of GIS including how to store, analyze, and display geographic information; how to use GIS as tool in the social and environmental sciences; and the development of skills in the operation of GIS software.Cross-listed: ENVS 282. Prerequisite(s): None. (0-0; 3-2)

GEOG 383 GEOG 383 - Geographic Data Analysis

This course focuses on the use of quantitative methods as an aid to problem-solving in the geographical and environmental sciences. Topics include sampling and data collection; methods of statistical description; and methods of statistical inference and hypothesis testing.NB: Offered every other year.Cross-listed: ENVS 383.Prerequisite(s): 6 sem. hrs. of Geography. (0-0; 3-2)