ID Course Credits
ENGL 510 ENGL 510 - The Writing of Creative Nonfiction | 2021-2022

A seminar in the reading and writing of literary nonfiction and in the development of a critical appreciation of its various forms. The course focuses on life writing in terms of its literary forms, as the authors’ responses to their culture, and as texts within which identity is shaped and altered by the intentional acts of their writers. Chosen texts demonstrate the art of life writing, as well as other paradigms for its interpretation and its literary and cultural influence. Such forms as (auto)biography, memoir, letters, diaries, travel and nature writing, and personal essays will provide the models for students’ exploration of this genre. Examples are drawn from writers such as C.S. Lewis, Thomas Merton, E.M. Forster, George Orwell, Michael Ondaatje, Annie Dillard, Kathleen Norris, Flannery O’Connor, John Bunyan, Virginia Woolf, and others who form part of the literary canon of such writing.

3.00
ENGL 512 ENGL 512 - Studies in Twentieth- Century American Literature | 2021-2022

A study of representative works of twentieth-century American literary prose and the development of its themes in various historical, political, and socio-cultural contexts, including the major wars and social upheavals in which American society has been involved in the last one hundred years. Students examine the major themes and values that comprise a canon of literature which addresses the literary movements characterized by realism and naturalism and the contexts of modernism and postmodernism to which literature has responded in the American tradition. American literature and its contributions to the discussions on religion, morality and Christianity, and the relationship between the three, are engaged.

3.00
ENGL 514 ENGL 514 - Literature and Spirituality | 2021-2022

Literature has been at the centre of the human story from its beginnings as recorded in ancient sacred texts to its current study as cultural narrative with transformative and transcendent possibilities for interpretation and creativity. This course will explore literary themes integral to the pursuit of Christian spirituality, past and present.

3.00
ENGL 522 ENGL 522 - Chaucer | 2021-2022

This course takes up the study of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, Parliament of Fowls, and Legend of Good Women. Care is taken to develop a good reading knowledge of Chaucerian Middle English. The literary, social, economic, political, and spiritual principles in Chaucer’s texts, and the aesthetic techniques employed to shape them, will be situated within the historical and cultural contexts of Ricardian, or late fourteenth-century, England. Chaucer wrote for a populace that had confronted decimating plagues as well as social, economic, and religious upheaval. The course draws out the competing medieval voices that emerge in the works composed in this context, which often articulate searing critiques of a complex, disorderly, patriarchal, violent, and humorous medieval world.

3.00
ENGL 530 ENGL 530 - Medieval English Literature | 2021-2022

A study of the rich and varied visionary and mystical literature of the early, high, and late Middle Ages, including the writings of Bernard of Clairvaux, Hildegard of Bingen, Richard of St. Victor, Richard Rolle, Walter Hilton, Julian of Norwich, Margery Kempe, and the author of The Cloud of Unknowing. The influence of early theologians and philosophers (such as Origen, Plotinus, and Augustine) on these mystics is considered in detail. This course also seeks to read the ontological and epistemological elements of medieval mysticism through the filter of modern philosophical paradigms.

3.00
ENGL 534 ENGL 534 - European Literature in Translation | 2021-2022

A survey of European drama and prose classics from the thirteenth to the twentieth century, this course explores and critically evaluates the shift in worldviews from Dante's Christian humanism to Kafka's and Camus' modern existentialist view of human existence. In order to provide depth to our analysis of the works and to highlight the significance of the shift in worldview, the works will be discussed in their historical, philosophical, and cultural contexts, in combination with close reading and various theoretical interpretative approaches.

3.00
ENGL 551 ENGL 551 - Shakespeare I | 2021-2022

An in-depth study of seven plays by William Shakespeare (representative histories, tragedies, comedies, and romances) in addition to his narrative poem Venus and Adonis. Shakespeare's plays are considered as both established literary works and as scripts written for performance, and students apply different critical approaches to his works in an attempt to discover the source and nature of the play's aesthetic power and dramatic force. The course attempts to determine whether William Shakespeare is, as some have claimed, the greatest and most influential writer of all time.

3.00
ENGL 552 ENGL 552 - Shakespeare II | 2021-2022

An in-depth study of seven representative plays (not covered in ENGL 551) of William Shakespeare and a selection of his sonnets. The Shakespearean works are read within the historically specific cultural context in which they were produced. The course pays particular attention to the way in which Shakespeare blurs generic, thematic, and ideological boundaries in his poetic and dramatic works — exploring his fusion of the tragic and the comic, the sacred and the profane, the noble and the plebeian, the fantastic and the historic, and the orthodox and the transgressive. Students also explore the ways in which these richly layered texts affirm or interrogate the dominant cultural values in Elizabethan and Jacobean Britain.

3.00
ENGL 553 ENGL 553 - Milton | 2021-2022

In this course, the major poetic works and selected prose of Milton are read in light of his claim to be the delegated spokesperson for God and Parliament in early-modern England. Milton's works are seen both to reflect the tension and trauma of the Civil War, Interregnum and Restoration, and to participate in shaping a new state and new modes of existence.

3.00
ENGL 554 ENGL 554 - Renaissance Poetry and Prose | 2021-2022

The course examines representative selections of the poetry and prose of the high and late Renaissance in England, covering a century from about 1580-1680, an era characterized by an impressive range of literary output that has never been rivaled in the western world. Even apart from the work of the most eminent figures— Shakespeare and Milton—this period offers a rich and varied legacy of poetry and impressive essays, treatises, and allegories, by such great literary figures as Sidney, Spenser, Marlowe, Wroth, Jonson, Bacon, Donne, Herbert, Marvell, Browne, Pepys, Cavendish, Behn, and Bunyan who, along with other selected authors, are represented in this course. The course also addresses the political, religious, and theological controversies that energized so much of the writing of this dynamic century.

3.00
ENGL 556 ENGL 556 - Seventeenth-Century Women's Writing | 2021-2022

A survey of women's writing in the seventeenth century which examines the poetry, prose, and dramatic works of literary figures such as Lady Mary Wroth, Aemilia Lanyer, Anne Bradstreet, Katherine Philips, Margaret Cavendish, and Aphra Behn. The writings of these early-modern women are examined in order to understand how they address not only what it is to be a woman in early- modern times, but what it is to be human, an activity that involves the exploration of historical practices, philosophical concepts, political theories, and theological tenets.

3.00
ENGL 565 ENGL 565 - Eighteenth-Century Literature | 2021-2022

A study of the poetry, non-fiction prose, and novels of the major writers of the neoclassical period, including such authors as John Dryden, Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, Samuel Johnson, and Samuel Richardson.

3.00
ENGL 567 ENGL 567 - Drama to 1642 Excluding Shakespeare | 2021-2022

The study of selected dramatic works written in English prior to the closing of the theatres in 1642, including medieval mystery and morality plays and works by Elizabethan, Jacobean, and Caroline playwrights, excluding Shakespeare.

3.00
ENGL 571 ENGL 571 - The Nineteenth-Century Novel | 2021-2022

This course offers a study of representative novels and novelists from nineteenth-century Britain. The novel as a genre flourished during this time, as the novel's form was shaped by writers such as Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontà«, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, and Thomas Hardy.

3.00
ENGL 572 ENGL 572 - Romantic Poetry and Poetics | 2021-2022

A study of the poetry created by the six major poets grouped under the term "romantic"ť: William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron (George Gordon), Percy Bysshe Shelley, and John Keats. The course considers both the poetry and critical theories of these influential authors.

3.00
ENGL 573 ENGL 573 - Victorian Poetry and Prose | 2021-2022

The study of the poetry and nonfiction prose of British writers during the Victorian era (1837- 1901), including prose authors such as Thomas Carlyle, John Stuart Mill, and John Ruskin, and poets such as Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Robert Browning, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Alfred, Lord Tennyson. The course considers these works in the context of Victorian Britain's preoccupation with questions about politics, education, art, science, religion, and the role of women.

3.00
ENGL 582 ENGL 582 - Studies in Modern British Literature | 2021-2022

This course studies representative works in British prose, fiction and poetry that both shape and reflect contemporary British literary sensibilities. It includes a selection of poetry from writers such as W.B. Yeats, W.H. Auden, T.S. Eliot, Dylan Thomas, D.H. Lawrence, Philip Larkin and Seamus Heaney; prose from George Orwell and Virginia Woolf; and novels from A.S. Byatt, Joseph Conrad, John Fowles, David Mitchell and Graham Swift.

3.00
ENGL 583 ENGL 583 - World Literature in English | 2021-2022

This course focuses on issues related to post- colonialism and literature through the study of literature written in English by writers from post- colonial nations.

3.00
ENGL 584 ENGL 584 - Contemporary Canadian Fiction | 2021-2022

A study of representative works of contemporary Canadian fiction and the development of the post- modern, post-colonial, post-national novel. Authors (a minimum of six) may include a selection of Margaret Atwood, Dionne Brand, Timothy Findley, Jack Hodgins, Hugh Hood, Thomas King, Yann Martel, Rohinton Mistry, Alice Munro, Michael Ondaatje, Sky Lee, Jane Urquhart, Guy Vanderhaeghe, and Rudy Wiebe.

3.00
ENGL 590 ENGL 590 - Studies in Individual Authors | 2021-2022

This course is designed to give students the opportunity of studying for an entire semester the works of up to two significant authors.

3.00
ENGL 591 ENGL 591 - Children's Literature | 2021-2022

The course examines children's literature from the seventeenth century to the present, analyzing representative texts and changing attitudes toward children and their books. Beginning with early didactic stories and traditional folk and fairy tales, and then moving on to British, American, and Canadian novels, the course focuses on questions of history, philosophy, authorship, readership, and genre. The emphasis is on close critical readings of the texts.

3.00
ENGL 593 ENGL 593 - Fantasy Literature | 2021-2022

Aa study of the long history of fantasy texts by first locating works of George MacDonald, C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, and Madeleine L'Engle within the Anglo-Saxon epic and the Medieval romance literary traditions in English literature, including Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. The course also considers how these works have shaped the imagination of creators of modern fantasy as well as the argument that modern fantasy is a response to post-Enlightenment rationalism.

3.00
ENGL 600 ENGL 600 - Core Seminar: Reading the Signs of the Times: Text and Interpretation | 2021-2022

This course is designed to orient students to the crucial transition from modernist to postmodernist and post-postmodernist models of texts and interpretation, models that depend on changing philosophical views of truth and reality. It examines the main interpretive paradigms in literary studies in order to show how views of reason, language, and textuality continue to shape one's life horizons.

3.00
ENGL 607 ENGL 607 - Special Topics in English Literature | 2021-2022

Topics may vary. Courses to date include: - Foundations of Ethical Being - James Baldwin: The Dialectic of Race and Religion - Kierkegaard's Postscript - Life Writing as a Literary Genre: Biography as Identification of Self and Subjectivity - Studies in George MacDonald - German Romanticism - Gothic Fiction - Poetics of American Literature - Merton and the Solitary Tradition - The Eighteenth-Century Novel - Jane Austen - Identity and Ethics in Communication - Milton and the Romantics - Shakespearean Trauma and the Early- Modern Suffering Self - Studies in the Late-Victorian Fiction of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

3.00
ENGL 610 ENGL 610 - Bibliography | 2021-2022

Under the direction of the student's approved thesis or major research paper advisor, a course of reading and study which leads to the development of both a significant bibliographical essay (or annotated bibliography) and a thesis proposal. The latter includes at least the following: major question(s) to be addressed; significance of the issue(s); methodologies to be used; theories to be addressed and primary sources to be examined.

3.00
ENGL 611 ENGL 611 - Thesis | 2021-2022 3.00
ENGL 612 ENGL 612 - Thesis | 2021-2022 3.00
ENGL 613 ENGL 613 - Major Essay | 2021-2022

Under the direction of a supervisor, students not writing a thesis will research and write a major paper of approximately 10,000-15,000 words in length.

3.00
ENGL 615 ENGL 615 - "Of Paradise and Light"ť: Early Modern Devotional Writing | 2021-2022

The study of the literary expression of religious desire, doubt, and despair in early-modern British literature. The aesthetic shaping of spiritual belief and sentiment within specific historical and cultural contexts is investigated in a selection of early-modern works, including those by Anne Vaughan Lock, Robert Southwell, George Herbert, John Donne, Elizabeth Melville, Henry Vaughan, Richard Crashaw, An Collins, Thomas Traherne, John Bunyan, George Fox, and Margaret Fell Fox. Their works are read alongside religious texts central to the Catholic and Protestant traditions, including the Geneva Bible, the Douay-Rheims Bible, the King James Bible, the Book of Common Prayer, John Foxe's Book of Martyrs, the Thirty-Nine Articles, the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola, and Joseph Hall's The Art of Divine Meditation.

3.00
ENGL 620 ENGL 620 - (Auto)biography as Literary Genre: Self-Identification and Subjectivity | 2021-2022

The examination of (auto)biographies as literary artifacts, responses to culture, and as texts within which identity is shaped and altered by the intentional acts of their writers. The course explores how life writing participates in the construction of identity and engages subjectivity as a narrative strategy. Theorists including Paul Ricoeur, George Steiner, Richard Kearney, and Eva Hoffman are foundational to this study. The reading list includes (auto)biographical writings from authors such as Elie Wiesel, Victor Frankl, Eva Hoffman, Anne Michaels, Michael Ondaatje, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Richard Foster, Frederick Buechner, Annie Dillard, Virginia Woolf, Lytton Strachey, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Thomas Merton, C.S. Lewis, and other significant (auto)biographers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

3.00
ENGL 625 ENGL 625 - Christian Humanism | 2021-2022

This course seeks to recover humanism as a central ethos of western culture and its Christian roots in two ways: first, by tracing, as much as possible, the story of humanism and its development from Christian roots to the Renaissance and to Postmodernity and its current “overcoming.” This historical exercise requires a counter narrative to the secularist master narrative that dominates both contemporary secular and Christian ideas of humanism. Secondly, students are encouraged to consider recovering Christian humanism as a possible philosophy of culture that could address the main malaise of our present cultural predicament. For this purpose the course draws on works from eastern and western theologians to establish theologically the theme of humanism as it arises from the Christology of the early church and persists into works of modern Catholic, Protestant, and eastern theology.

3.00
ENGL 630 ENGL 630 - Religion, Gender, and Literature in Nineteenth-Century Britain | 2021-2022

An intensive study of how the writers of influential nineteenth-century British literary texts (including short and long poems, a novella, novels, and prose non-fiction) chose to portray the intersection of religious faith and gender. This course not only familiarizes students with the most significant nineteenth-century British authors, but also enables a thorough exploration of two of the most prevalent areas of debate in the nineteenth century: gender roles and questions of faith. The course focuses on these texts as literature, taking into consideration genre, literary techniques, and audience, but the course as a whole crosses disciplinary boundaries as students read philosophical and historical writers such as John Stuart Mill and John Ruskin. Students also become familiar with the major theoretical approaches applied to these texts by contemporary literary critics.

3.00
ENGL 640 ENGL 640 - Science Fiction, 1600-1900 | 2021-2022

An intensive study of significant works of ‘science fiction’ written between 1600 and 1900. Texts studied include Francis Bacon’s The New Atlantis, Francis Godwin’s The Man in the Moon, Margaret Cavendish’s The Blazing World, Daniel Defoe’s A New Journey to the World in the Moon, Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Jean-Baptiste Cousin de Grainville’s The Last Man, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and The Last Man, Jules Verne’s Journey to the Centre of the Earth, and H.G. Wells’ The Island of Doctor Moreau and The Time Machine.

3.00
ENGL 645 ENGL 645 - The Great Tradition: Christian Thought in Western Literary Classics | 2021-2022

This course focuses on one overarching theme: how Christian thought is embedded in some of the greatest literary classics of the Western World, selected from the Patristic period up to the twentieth century. These include such diverse genres as St. Augustine’s autobiographical ruminations in his Confessions; Dante’s Divine Comedy; Shakespeare’s Hamlet; Milton’s Paradise Lost; Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress; Goethe’s Faust; Hardy’s Tess of the d’Urbervilles; and T.S. Eliot’s Murder in the Cathedral.

3.00
ENGL 650 ENGL 650 - The Writings of C.S. Lewis | 2021-2022

The impact of prominent Inklings author C.S. Lewis continues to grow, garnering both applause and, in other quarters, heavy criticism. Lewis is lauded as an intellectual giant, a Christian apologist without equal, and a gifted myth-maker, but also identified as misogynistic, racist, sado-masochistic, and enjoying violence. This course focuses on the literary achievement of C.S. Lewis, analyzing representative texts of his literary criticism, poetry, essays, novels, fictional narratives, and devotional writing, in order to examine his mythopoeic vision and its contribution to Christianity and culture. Through close reading of the texts, and considering these in relation to various forms of theoretical inquiry - historical, sociological, psychological, gender discourse, ecological, ethical and spiritual or theological - students will engage in the critical task of assessing the ongoing impact of the writings of C.S. Lewis.

3.00
GREE 532 GREE 532 - Readings in the Greek New Testament | 2021-2022 3.00
HIST 503 HIST 503 - Engendered History | 2021-2022

Examines specific topics in the history of gender throughout the period known loosely as the modern world and is designed to clarify the process through which ideas of gender evolved and the ways in which masculinity and femininity have been constructed and experienced in a global context. Also examines group interactions across lines of race, class, ethnicity, region, and religion and the influence of groups striving to assert their own identities on ideas of gender.

3.00
HIST 504 HIST 504 - Late Medieval Europe | 2021-2022

An inquiry into a period of Europe's past in which beliefs, attitudes and institutions, moulded in the previous centuries, were consolidated into shapes that mark modern European (and North 236 American) culture. The outlines of the modern state and of the modern family are examined. It is also an examination of late medieval civilization for indications of decline and rebirth. The course looks for signs of struggle between forces of tradition and of innovation, and between idealism and material or corporeal realities.

3.00
HIST 506 HIST 506 - War, Peace, and Society | 2021-2022

Surveys the changing nature of and approaches to war and its effect on society from the Middle Ages to the present including an examination of various visions and proposals for peace. Includes an assessment of relatively recent armed conflict in Africa, Central Europe, and the Middle East, exploring the causes of contemporary conflict and some of its distinctive characteristics. Also evaluates the effectiveness of various strategies for preventing, abating, and terminating current forms of conflict. Some of the questions discussed are: Why do states go to war? How do they create a lasting peace? What role does morality play in foreign policy? What is our obligation to just peace or just war?

3.00
HIST 508 HIST 508 - Reformation Europe | 2021-2022

Examines the nature of religious reform in the 16th century. Religious ideas are the starting point for an examination of economic conditions, the existing social structure, the family, and the state. Examines how ideas were communicated to and received by the common people. It also examines displays of intolerance and tolerance, coercion and power, and relations between government and society and between women and men

3.00
HIST 509 HIST 509 - Early Modern Europe: 1600- 1789 | 2021-2022

An examination of developments and events from 1600 to 1800 including religious wars, the witch craze, growth of absolutism and political rights, enlightened despots, movements within the church and the culture of the enlightenment. In addition, wealth and poverty, social hierarchies, popular customs and culture, marriage, the family, and gender are examined.

3.00
HIST 510 HIST 510 - History in Practice | 2021-2022

An analysis of the practice of history in the public sphere including the ways in which communities, regions, nations, and others entities collect, manage, create, present, and understand their histories and stories. How forms of historical consciousness show themselves in archives, museums, films, monuments, anniversaries, government policies, genealogy, etc. Practical application of historical skills and tools through communication with public historians, visits to local historic sites, and relevant assignments and experiential learning. Students gain valuable experiences and knowledge related to a variety of areas where public history is practised and are exposed to career opportunities in history.

3.00
HIST 515 HIST 515 - History of Science and Religion from Copernicus to Creation Science | 2021-2022

Examines the engagement of science and religion in western culture over the past five centuries. In 1896, Andrew Dickson White published his famous History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom, a work that helped establish the belief that science and religion were irreconcilable domains. This course examines the validity of that claim from the Copernican revolution in the 16th century to the rise of the modern Creation Science movement, and aims to place the relationship between science and faith in a mature historical, scientific and theological context.

3.00
HIST 521 HIST 521 - Family, Gender, and Power | 2021-2022

Examines the historical development of the family beginning with the ancient world up to 1600. A central inquiry is the formation of families and households, as well as the impact of religion on gender and family roles. The course also explores the use of power and coercion in the organization of family and includes an inquiry into contemporary gender theory but concentrates on the lives and ideas of actual persons insofar as the historical record reveals them.

3.00
HIST 522 HIST 522 - History of the Family after 1600 | 2021-2022

Examines the historical development of the family from 1600 to the present day. A central inquiry is the formation of families and households, as well the impact of religion on gender and family roles. The course also explores the use of power and coercion in the organization of family and includes an inquiry into contemporary gender theory but concentrates on the lives and ideas of actual persons insofar as the historical record reveals them.

3.00
HIST 523 HIST 523 - Tudor-Stuart England | 2021-2022

This course is designed to survey a historical period in greater depth while introducing students to related primary and secondary sources. Students are familiarized with major themes, events, and issues of interpretation in the history of early modern England. Particular attention is paid to two developments that transformed English life: the religious reformations of the 16th century, and the civil war and political revolutions of the 17th century. These and other topics are explored through close readings of primary sources. Students also consider various methodological and theoretical approaches that have influenced the way that modern historians have analyzed and explained this period in English history.

3.00
HIST 524 HIST 524 - Nineteenth Century Europe | 2021-2022

This course is designed to survey a historical period in greater depth while introducing students to related primary and secondary sources. Students will become familiar with major themes, events, and issues of interpretation in the history of European history during the "long"ť nineteenth century from the French Revolution to the onset of the Great War. It explores key movements and themes in political, intellectual, gender, and socioeconomic history through lectures, discussion groups, and the close readings of primary and secondary sources. Students will also consider various methodological and theoretical approaches that have influenced the way that modern historians have analyzed and explained this period in European history.

3.00
HIST 532 HIST 532 - Issues in B.C. History | 2021-2022

Explores issues in the history of British Columbia from its earliest beginnings to the early 2000s. In particular, the province's move from regionalism, to provincialism, to internationalism is explored by examining many of the social, cultural, political, and economic forces of change that shape the "West Beyond the West"ť in Canada. The lectures, readings, and discussions focus on specific aspects of BC's history that particularly enlighten us about the character of the region, its unique place in Canadian history, and how these events have shaped the province today.

3.00
HIST 533 HIST 533 - Development of the Canadian Constitution | 2021-2022

A historical and political analysis of the major steps leading to the present constitution, including landmark court cases, attempted and successful amendments (Constitution Act 1981, the Meech Lake Accord, the Charlottetown Accord, etc) and various historical Acts both prior to and postConfederation.

3.00
HIST 534 HIST 534 - Canadian Political Thought: An Intellectual History | 2021-2022

This course examines selected Canadian authors (George Grant, Will Kymlicka, and Charles Taylor most prominently) who have contributed significantly to the development of Canadian political discourse. Topics include federalism, multiculturalism, and national identity. The systematic study of these particular authors aids in understanding the development of Canadian political thought. The first part of the course provides the intellectual history to enable an effective study of George P. Grant, Will Kymlicka, and Charles Taylor through a careful reading of Fierlbeck, Political Thought in Canada: An Intellectual History.

3.00
HIST 535 HIST 535 - Social History of Canada | 2021-2022

Surveys the changing social, political, and cultural impact of war on Canada in the 20th century. The course is divided into four sections—World War I, World War II, the Cold War, and Post-Cold War. In each section students examine Canadian responses to war and warfare and the impact of those responses in shaping Canadian politics (both domestic and foreign policy), society, and culture. Topics include defence, security, and Canadian nationalism; the role of imperialism and continentalism in influencing Canadian identity and Canadian foreign policy; Canada as a middle power and the shift to Canada as a no power; war and the changing role of women in Canadian society; and, the creation of Canadian military myths.

HIST 537 HIST 537 - Canada and War in the 20th | 2021-2022

Surveys the changing social, political, and cultural impact of war on Canada in the 20th century. The course is divided into four sections—World War I, World War II, the Cold War, and Post-Cold War. In each section students examine Canadian responses to war and warfare and the impact of those responses in shaping Canadian politics (both domestic and foreign policy), society, and culture. Topics include defence, security, and Canadian nationalism; the role of imperialism and continentalism in influencing Canadian identity and Canadian foreign policy; Canada as a middle power and the shift to Canada as a no power; war and the changing role of women in Canadian society; and, the creation of Canadian military myths.

3.00
HIST 540 HIST 540 - Issues in First Nations - Canadian Relations | 2021-2022

Examines the history of First Nations in Canada from pre-contact with newcomers through to the present time. Broad economic, social, and political themes that intersect with the history of its original peoples is covered including early encounters, fur trade economy, governmental policy, Christianity and culture, education, reservations and land claims. It surveys the major eras—assimilation, protection, civilization, marginalization, and integration—by specifically highlighting the observations and experiences of First Nations.

3.00
HIST 542 HIST 542 - Evolution of Canadian Foreign Policy | 2021-2022

This course provides an overview of the formulation and trends of Canadian foreign policy from confederation to the present. The domestic and external determinants of Canadian foreign policy, the nature of the foreign policy-making process, and the evolution of key themes in Canadian foreign policy are its major themes.

3.00
HIST 543 HIST 543 - Medieval Europe 500-1250 | 2021-2022

An inquiry into the origins of European civilization. It examines what features from the ancient world survived the fall of Roman culture and the nature of the native Germanic and Slavic traditions. It looks at the way Christianity was received and altered. It looks at political, social, gender, and economic relationships and at the struggle between spiritual ideals on the one hand and traditional attitudes and material realities on the other.

3.00
HIST 547 HIST 547 - History of Religion in the US | 2021-2022

Writing in the 1830s, Alex de Tocqueville noted the profound influence religion had upon the American populace, arguing that "there are some who profess Christian dogmas because they believe them and others who do so because they are afraid to look as though they did not believe in them. So Christianity reigns without obstacles, by universal consent."ť At times, his comments continue to ring true, particularly with regard to the centrality of religious faith to the American experience. While not intended to be exhaustive, this course examines representative episodes in the history of religion in the United States, albeit largely in its Christian (and Protestant) form.

3.00
HIST 548 HIST 548 - History of Religion in Canada | 2021-2022

Canada is sometimes regarded as a more secular version of its American neighbour. Henry Alline, the late 18th-century Nova Scotian revivalist, would not have agreed, for he believed that while Old and New England were engaged in a "most inhuman war,"ť a great redeemer nation was emerging in his corner of British North America. This course examines Canada's rich Christian heritage from the first European encounters with aboriginal peoples to contemporary times, with particular emphasis on the relationship between Christianity and the broad socio-political and intellectual history of the nation.

3.00
HIST 561 HIST 561 - History of Christianity I | 2021-2022

A study of the history of the Christian Church from the turn of the first century to the eve of the 16th century Reformation with attention to the persons, events, and issues involved in the major developments of Christianity.

3.00
HIST 562 HIST 562 - History of Christianity II | 2021-2022

Surveys the development of the Christian Church from the late medieval period through to the early 21st century. Key topics include: the Protestant and Catholic Reformations; the Great Awakenings and the rise of modern Evangelicalism, Fundamentalism, and the growth of modern missionary movements, along with a consideration of significant individuals, changes in theology, institutions, devotional practices, gender roles, and attempts to engage and shape culture.

3.00
HIST 581 HIST 581 - The Politics of Identity: The Arab Middle East in the 20th Century | 2021-2022

This course examines some the major themes in the history of the Arab Middle East since the breakup of the Ottoman Empire following World War I. Primary emphasis is on the role played by issues of identity in the development of national structures in the Arab East (Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and the Gulf States). Major themes include the nature of Islamic community, the structure and legacy of Ottoman rule, the post- Ottoman settlement and the impact of colonial rule, the emergence of nationalist politics and the growth of the contemporary Arab state system, oil and the politics of family rule in the Gulf States, and the relationship between religion and politics.

3.00
HIST 590 HIST 590 - Special Topics in History | 2021-2022

Topics may vary. Courses offered to date include: Canada and War in the 20th Century.

3.00
HIST 592 HIST 592 - Sugar, Slaves, Silver: The Atlantic World, 1450-1850 | 2021-2022

Examines the Atlantic world during an era of immense global change. Since the navigations of the fifteenth century, the Atlantic has been a corridor for fundamental exchanges of peoples, crops, technology and ideas. Topics include early maritime explorations, the destruction and reconfiguration of indigenous societies, the labour migrations of Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans, slavery and the trans-Atlantic slave trade, the establishment of an Atlantic economy, and the maturation of Euro-American colonial societies and their struggles for autonomy and national independence.

3.00
HIST 600 HIST 600 - History, Culture and Interpretation | 2021-2022

Designed to explore history as a discipline and a form of knowledge. It examines the process and the structure of how human societies have interpreted, ordered and used historical inquiry. Major theoretical/philosophical traditions and their historians are analyzed. Special attention is paid to modern rational history with its focus on the notion of progress and the challenges brought about by the claims of postmodern interpretationbased history with its emphasis on language, race, ethnicity, gender, and environment. Furthermore, it explores history's impact on other disciplines including philosophy, literary criticism, biology, physics, and religious studies. Combines weekly readings with selected guest lectures that explore the ways in which history is understood in History and in other disciplines.

3.00
HIST 606 HIST 606 - History of the Family | 2021-2022

Examines the historical development of the family beginning with the ancient world up to 1600. A central inquiry is the formation of families and households, as well the impact of religion on gender and family roles. Also explores the use of power and coercion in the organization of family, and an inquiry into contemporary gender theory, but concentrates on the lives and ideas of actual persons insofar as the historical record reveals them.

3.00
HIST 607 HIST 607 - Special Topics in History | 2021-2022

Topics may vary. Courses offered to date include: â—Ź Decolonizing Gender in African History â—Ź First Nations-Canadians in B.C. â—Ź History of Arian Theology â—Ź History of the Celtic Church â—Ź History of the Metis in Canada â—Ź Introduction to Patristics Study â—Ź Medieval Warfare â—Ź Arian Theology â—Ź Sacred Women in the Ancient World â—Ź War, Peace, and International Law â—Ź Gender and the Charter â—Ź Transatlantic British Empire â—Ź Christian Perspective on Israel

3.00
HIST 610 HIST 610 - Research Design/Bibliography Seminar | 2021-2022

Under the direction of the student's approved thesis advisor, a course of reading and study which leads to the development of both a significant bibliographical essay (or annotated bibliography) and a thesis proposal. The latter includes at least the following: major question(s) to be addressed; significance of the issue(s); methodologies to be used; theories to be addressed and primary sources to be examined.

3.00
HIST 611 HIST 611 - Thesis | 2021-2022 3.00
HIST 612 HIST 612 - Thesis | 2021-2022 3.00
HIST 613 HIST 613 - Major Essay | 2021-2022

Under the direction of a supervisor, students who do not do a thesis research and write a major paper of approximately 10,000-15,000 words in length.

3.00
HIST 618 HIST 618 - Popular Religion in Europe | 2021-2022

Students examine, through readings, discussion, and student presentations, the way that men and women in Europe circa 1300 to 1700 embraced alternative religious beliefs, some of which were accepted and domesticated by the Catholic or protestant institutional churches, while others were rejected and persecuted as heresy and/ or witchcraft by both. Students also evaluate different historiographical and methodological approaches to the study of heterodoxy.

3.00
HIST 619 HIST 619 - The Renaissance Mind | 2021-2022

This course examines the period of transition and turmoil in European history, from approximately 1360 to 1550, known as the Renaissance. As the cultural synthesis of the high middle ages was crumbling, poets, philosophers, artists, architects, theologians, and statesmen in search of a fresh model for society rejected the late medieval scholastic worldview and embraced a new educational program, the studia humanitatis, based on a re-evaluation and revival of classical culture. This transition affected not only literature, the arts, the sciences, religion, and government, but virtually every other sphere of human activity. Therefore, this course, while providing an indepth, interdisciplinary introduction to the key topics of humanism, religion, political theory, and changes in high culture, also investigates the issues of gender, economic development, and social history during this period. It also assesses different methodological approaches to the study of the Renaissance.

3.00
HIST 661 HIST 661 - History of non-Western Christianity | 2021-2022

During the 20th century, it became clear that the majority of Christians worldwide were not Europeans or North Americans but Latin Americans, Africans, and Asians. Some observers interpret this as a major shift in the very nature of Christianity but others view it as the renewal of what is essentially a non-Western religion. Instead of representing an entirely new development, they see the 20th century growth of Christianity as a return to the history of Christianity before 1200- 1400 AD when Europe developed as its dominant heartland. By means of readings, guest lectures, and student seminar presentations, this course examines aspects of non-Western Christianity including early origins, struggles with Islam, the impact of European imperialism and missions, and factors involved in the accelerated growth in many parts of the world since the mid-20th century.

3.00
HIST 670 HIST 670 - Pre-Nicene Christianity | 2021-2022

This course examines in detail the background and development of Christian thought and life in the period spanning the Apostolic Fathers through to the Council of Nicaea (325). Particular attention is paid to how the early Christians understood themselves, how they interpreted their religious tradition and related it to their religious experience, and how they defined their own purposes. This course seeks to contextualize preChristianity in its diverse expressions. Thus, the course analyzes the complex formulation of PreNicene Christianity through the writings of some of its most influential thinkers, leaders, and movements (both orthodox and heretical) with an eye toward identifying major developments in early Christian theology and practice.

3.00
HIST 692 HIST 692 - Villains and Wenches: (Re)Conceiving the Atlantic World | 2021-2022

This course uses reading, discussion, and student presentations to examine the ways that historians have conceptualized the Atlantic World and those who people it. It considers the very idea of the Atlantic system as a framework for historical study and the ways in which various historiographical and methodological approaches have affected the way we understand the people and events of the Atlantic basin.

3.00
PHIL 511 PHIL 511 - Kant | 2021-2022

A study of the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, focusing primarily on Kant's seminal work, Critique of Pure Reason.

3.00
PHIL 512 PHIL 512 - 20th Century Philosophy | 2021-2022

This course acquaints students with important philosophical developments in Western Anglo- American philosophy during the 20th century. These include analytic philosophy, ordinary language philosophy, and recent developments questioning the traditional value and role of philosophy. The writings of major philosophers are studied throughout, and emphasis is placed upon epistemological, metaphysical, and linguistic issues. Some attention is given to examining the relationships between these philosophical movements and others, e.g., those that characterize postmodernism. Attention is occasionally given to points that carry implications for Christian faith.

PHIL 513 PHIL 513 - British Empiricism | 2021-2022

A study of empiricist philosophy in the 16th and 17th centuries. Selected writings of Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume are analyzed and interpreted. As we discuss each author's ideas, we will evaluate their positions on: the limits of knowledge and experience, the intelligibility of revelatory truth, the existence of God, the divisibility of reality, the role of nature, and the ethics and politics of human life.

PHIL 514 PHIL 514 - Reason and the Enlightenment | 2021-2022

A study of rationalist philosophy in the European Enlightenment period of the 17th and 18th centuries. Selected writings of Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz are analyzed and interpreted. As we discuss each author's ideas, we will evaluate their positions on: the limits of reason, the intelligibility of revealed truth, the existence of God, the divisibility of reality, the role of nature, and the ethics and politics of human life. In the process of dialoguing about these ideas, we shall also study the historical importance of the Enlightenment in modernity as well as the original intent of the philosophers in question with attention to their historic context. We shall also assess the enduring relevance of the Enlightenment to the modern age.

PHIL 515 PHIL 515 - Contemporary Political Philosophy | 2021-2022

An examination of 20th century political philosophy through reading of texts by major contemporary political philosophers.

3.00
PHIL 520 PHIL 520 - Social&Political Philosophy | 2021-2022

Provides an examination of foundational ideas and problems in the entire Western tradition of political philosophy. While undertaking close readings of major texts of this tradition, the course evaluates classical, medieval, and modern approaches to the state, the citizen, democracy, liberty, equality, authority, obligation, natural right, and disobedience. Also seeks to understand the applicability of these ideas as Christians facing the challenges of the 21st century.

3.00
PHIL 521 PHIL 521 - Postmodern Philosophy | 2021-2022

The problem of determining standards of right and wrong as well as the problem of determining what is of value in itself. The moral theories of prominent philosophers, both ancient and modern, are examined.

3.00
PHIL 550 PHIL 550 - Symbolic Logic | 2021-2022

This course acquaints students with the elements of symbolic logic and its methods of deduction, including: the quantificational calculus, definite descriptions, identity, and the logic of relations. The significance of symbolic logic is examined in relation to logical atomism as advanced early in the 20th century by Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell.

3.00
PHIL 560 PHIL 560 - Philosophy of Language | 2021-2022

Examines a range of topics within philosophy of language. Includes an overview of several works considered classics in the field (e.g. Wittgenstein, Quine, Searle, Alston, Grice), as well as critical review of major schools of thought in regard to language and criticism. Insights from linguistics and related disciplines.

3.00
PHIL 570 PHIL 570 - Philosophy of Knowledge and Rational Belief | 2021-2022

A descriptive and critical inquiry into the theory of knowledge, including such topics as foundationalism, relativism, evidence, warrant, cognitive reliability, skepticism, and the relationship of cognitive science and psychology to philosophical accounts of knowledge and rational inquiry.

3.00
PHIL 571 PHIL 571 - Aesthetics | 2021-2022

This course doesn't merely explore different questions about the nature, value, and meaning of beauty, artworks, and aesthetic experience; it also sensitizes students to the value, pleasures, and risks of moving through the world with deep perceptual attention coupled to an expansive imagination.

3.00
PHIL 573 PHIL 573 - Reason and Belief in God | 2021-2022

A survey of central issues arising from the question, "Is belief in God rational?"ť Topics include arguments concerning the existence of God, religious pluralism, natural science and religious belief, religious language, and critiques of natural theology from Kierkegaard and Reformed Epistemology.

3.00
PHIL 583 PHIL 583 - Religious Experience Seminar | 2021-2022

Examines the place of evidence in religion and assesses the evidential force of religious experience and related phenomena. The main body of the course addresses the evidential force of such experiences as near-death experiences, visions, mystical states of consciousness, as well as the Shroud of Turin as a unique religious artifact. Surveys some major contributors to the critical study of religious experience, e.g.: William James, Rudolf Otto, and R.C. Zaehner, and examines competing theories for religious phenomena, e.g., psychological and neurophysiological explanations for near-death and visionary experiences.

3.00
PHIL 584 PHIL 584 - Suffering and Belief in God | 2021-2022

Examines some key issues pertaining to suffering and belief in God. Topics include the problem of evil, arguments from suffering original sin, everlasting suffering, and providence.

3.00
PHIL 590 PHIL 590 - Philosophy of Mind | 2021-2022

Deals with questions such as: What are we referring to when we speak of mind? What is the nature of the human mind? Does it have a nature? Does it exist as something separate from the human brain? Is it a property of the human brain? Is it identical to the human brain? Or is it merely an abbreviated way of talking about bodily behaviours? More particularly, how is our phenomenologically rich and existentially weighted point of view on the world related to the neurophysiological conditions that underwrite it (or as one writer put it, 'how is the water of the brain transubstantiated into the wine of consciousness?')? How does the way we understand the answers to these questions inform Christian belief that humans bear God's image? And how does theology bear on our understanding of our bodies' relationship to our minds?

3.00
PHIL 591 PHIL 591 - Existentialism | 2021-2022

Explore primary source material from five major (atheist and theist) existentialist philosophers, excerpts of existentialist fiction, a book that offers an overview of the common themes of existentialism, and another rife with existentialist themes that helps readers assess their own degree of existential alienation. Students engage in daily discussions and lectures on the material read. Students write two papers: a book review and a research paper, and keep a journal tracking their intellectual, emotional, and spiritual journey through class readings and lectures. In small groups, students discuss and share their insights and struggles with existentialism.

3.00
PHIL 600 PHIL 600 - CORE SEMINAR on Human Nature: Competing Philosophical Views | 2021-2022

This course examines some of the most influential views of human nature advanced by philosophers in the history of Western civilization, and explores the implications of these views for ethics, epistemology, political philosophy, and metaphysics.

3.00
PHIL 603 PHIL 603 - Social Ethics Seminar | 2021-2022

Examines ethical questions concerning life and death. Special emphasis is placed on understanding and evaluating moral and legal perspectives on these questions, within the larger tradition of Western philosophy, and in the face of the current technological revolution. Issues include: the moral status of humans, the meaning of personhood, sanctity of life versus quality of life, genetic engineering, reproductive technologies, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, abortion.

3.00
PHIL 607 PHIL 607 - Topics in Philosophy | 2021-2022

Topics may vary. Courses offered to date:Existence, Truth, and PossibilityMedieval CosmologyEmpericismNeoplatonism and Early ChristianityFoundations of Ethics

3.00
PHIL 610 PHIL 610 - Research Design | 2021-2022

Under the direction of the student's approved thesis advisor, a course of reading and study which leads to the development of both a significant bibliographical essay (or annotated bibliography) and a thesis proposal. The latter includes at least the following: major question(s) to be addressed; significance of the issue(s); methodologies to be used; theories to be addressed and primary sources to be examined.

3.00
PHIL 611 PHIL 611 - Thesis | 2021-2022 3.00
PHIL 612 PHIL 612 - Thesis | 2021-2022 3.00
PHIL 613 PHIL 613 - Major Essay | 2021-2022

Under the direction of a supervisor, students not doing a thesis research and write a major paper of approximately 10-15,000 words in length.

3.00
PHIL 621 PHIL 621 - Philosophical Perspectives on Religious Pluralism | 2021-2022

This course surveys and engages central philosophical issues relevant to assessing normative religious pluralism.

3.00
PHIL 623 PHIL 623 - Questions of Human Nature | 2021-2022

This course examines some of the most influential views of human nature advanced by philosophers and scientists in the history of Western civilization, and explores the implications of these views for ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics. The ideas of Plato and Aristotle, as well as ideas that Christianity has drawn from these ancient Greek philosophers are examined before exploring views advanced in modernity and postmodernity.

3.00
PHIL 625 PHIL 625 - Philosophy of Technology | 2021-2022

This course surveys and engages philosophical issues connected to technology, and the human manipulation and transformation of nature. For example, is the human good essentially tied to technological development? Should technological advancement be allowed to constrain or even determine social, political and moral decisions? Is technology an essentially neutral means to ends otherwise determined or do technological means bring with them their own ends? ? What are the differences between the natural and the artificial? Has technology taken the place formerly held by religion or spirituality?

3.00
PHIL 635 PHIL 635 - 20th Century Analytic Philosophy | 2021-2022

Since philosophy's roots in ancient Greece, philosophers have traditionally utilized critical analysis and the tools of reason and logic in pursuing answers to philosophical questions. However, the analytic focus of contemporary philosophy has been shaped most significantly by the philosophical tradition launched by Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moor, and Gottlob Frege at the dawn of the 20th century.

3.00
PHIL 645 PHIL 645 - Philosophy and Religion | 2021-2022

Explores the foundations of religious belief and faith, particularly the issue of the rationality of religion. The role of methodology is examined, including the value of deductive, inductive, and abductive reasoning; also the question whether the method applicable to religious belief is unique to it. The work of recent philosophical theologians and their critics is examined and evaluated.

3.00
PHIL 665 PHIL 665 - Philosophy of Competing Paradigms | 2021-2022

This course examines the triumph of secular naturalism in academic/educated culture, and proposes rational grounds for advancing historic Christian theism. Trinitarian faith is viewed here as having the structure of theories that postulate the existence of unobservable objects. These theories adopt a unique method of "defining"ť the entities or beings postulated to exist; this 310 method is shown to be compatible with historic theism. Moreover, the Resurrection of Jesus is identified as the central tenet for which evidence additional to that found Holy Scripture is needed in our secular context. The Shroud of Turin and contemporary visions of Jesus are shown to offer such evidence. While no objection is registered to allowing science to explore any features of the Universe, Christian theism is presented as supplementing such scientific knowledge.

3.00
PHIL 675 PHIL 675 - Metaphilosophy | 2021-2022

This course examines the character of Philosophy as an academic discipline, with particular attention to the kinds of claims that are central to its inquiry, such as Logic, Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, and Aesthetics. The feasibility of the claim that Philosophy is an "objective"ť discipline, and that its contributions are as significant as the "factual"ť matters handled in any social or natural science, are examined. Various subfields within Philosophy are given special attention, including Ethics, Logic, Epistemology, and Metaphysics.

3.00