A study of the ecological relationships of marine life in several major habitat types. Emphasis is on productivity, food webs, nutrient cycling, and community ecology. Ecosystem parameters are investigated through field and laboratory studies. Part of coursework takes place in the Lower Mainland, Gulf Islands, and/or Vancouver Island.
Summer sessions only. Not offered every year See department chair
Advanced standing in biology and instructor's consent. BIOL 308 and/or 360 strongly recommended.