Vascular Plants of the ESA and Surrounding Properties

Common Name Scientific Name P & M 2004
Coniferous
Western hemlock Tsuga heterophylla 30
Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga menziesii ssp. menziesii 32
Grand fir Abies grandis 34
Sitka spruce Picea sitchensis 37
Western redcedar Thuja plicata 42
Deciduous
Red alder Alnus rubra 44
Bigleaf maple Acer macrophyllum 45
Black cottonwood Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa 46
Paper birch Betula papyrifera 47
Bitter cherry Prunus emarginata 48
Pacific crab apple Malus fusca 48
Western flowering dogwood Cornus nuttallii 51
Shrubs
Salal Gaultheria shallon 53
Alaskan blueberry Vaccinium alaskaense 56
Red huckleberry Vaccinium parvifolium 57
False azalea Menziesia ferruginea 60
Twinflower Linnaea borealis 68
Black twinberry Lonicera involucrata 69
Western trumpet honeysuckle Lonicera ciliosa 69
Red elderberry Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens 70
Common snowberry Symphoricarpos albus 70
Sitka mountain-ash Sorbus sitchensis 71
Saskatoon Amelanchier alnifolia 72
Indian-plum Oemleria cerasiformis 72
Black hawthorn Crataegus douglasii 73
Pacific ninebark Physocarpus capitatus 73
Baldhip rose Rosa gymnocarpa 74
Nootka rose Rosa nutkana 74
Clustered wild rose Rosa pisocarpa 74*
Salmonberry Rubus spectabilis 76
Black raspberry Rubus leucodermis 77
Thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus 77
"Exotic" Himalayan blackberry Rubus discolor 78
"Exotic" Evergreen blackberry Rubus laciniatus 78*
Trailing blackberry Rubus ursinus 78
Hardhack Spiraea douglasii ssp. douglasii 81
Devil's club Oplopanax horridus 82
"Exotic" Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius 83
Red-flowering currant Ribes sanguineum 84
Black gooseberry Ribes lacustre 85
Gummy gooseberry Ribes lobbii 85*
Sticky currant Ribes viscosissimum 85
Stink currant Ribes bracteosum 86
Red swamp currant Ribes triste 86*
Hooker's willow Salix hookeriana 88
Pacific willow Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra 88
Scouler's willow Salix scouleriana 89
Sitka willow Salix sitchensis 89
Red-osier dogwood Cornus stolonifera 90
Cascara Rhamnus purshiana 90
Sitka alder Alnus crispa ssp. sinuata 92
Beaked hazelnut Corylus cornuta var. californica 92
Vine maple Acer circinatum 93
Dull Oregon-grape Mahonia nervosa 95
Tall Oregon-grape Mahonia aquifolium 95*

*species is listed in the text of another plant listing

Family Common Name Scientific Name P & M 2004
Lily Liliaceae
False Solomon's seal Smilacina racemosa 100
Star-flowered false Solomon's seal Smilacina stellata 100
Hooker's fairybells Disporum hookeri 102
"Blue" Smith's fairybells Disporum smithii 102*
? "Red" Western trillium Trillium ovatum 102
False lily-of-the-valley Maianthemum dilatatum 103
White fawn lily Erythronium oregonum 104
Tiger lily Lilum columbianum 111
Iris Iridaceae
"Exotic" Yellow-flag Iris pseudoacorus 116*
Orchid Orchidaceae
Western coralroot Corallorhiza maculata ssp. mertensiana 119
Striped coralroot Corallorhiza striata 119
Rattlesnake-plantain Goodyera oblongifolia 120
Buckwheat Polygonaceae
"Exotic" Sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella 129
Western dock Rumex occidenatalis 130
Purslane Portulacaceae
Siberian miner's-lettuce Claytonia sibirica 133
Pink Caryophyllaceae
Northern starwort Stellaria calycantha 140
"Exotic" Bladder campion Silene vulgaris 142
"Exotic" Rose campion Lychnis coronaria 143
Mustard Brassicaceae
Nuttall's bitter-cress Cardamine nuttalli var. nuttalli n/a
Western bitter-cress Cardamine occidentalis 146
"Exotic" Shepherd's purse Capsella bursa-pastoris 149
Saxifrage Saxifragaceae
Oval-leaved mitrewort Mitella ovalis 165*
Fringecup Tellima grandiflora 167
Piggy-back plant Tolmiea menziesii 168
Three-flowered foamflower Tiarella trifoliata var. trifoliata 168
One-leaved foamflower Tiarella trifoliata var. unifoliata 168
Buttercup Ranunculaceae
"Exotic" Creeping buttercup Ranunculus repens 176
Baneberry Actaea rubra 179
False bugbane Trautvetteria caroliniensis 179
Western meadowrue Thalictrum occidentale 180
Red columbine Aquilegia formosa 180
Rose Rosaceae
Goat's beard Aruncus dioicus 182
Wild strawberry Fragaria virginiana 183*
Large-leaved avens Geum macrophyllum 185
Pea Fabaceae
Purple peavine Lathyrus nevadensis 191
American vetch Vicia americana 192
"Exotic" Tufted vetch Vicia cracca 192
"Exotic" Common vetch Vicia sativa 193
Large-leaved lupine Lupinus polyphyllus 195
"Exotic" White clover Trifolium repens 196
"Exotic" Red clover Trifolium pratense 196*
"Exotic" Bird's-foot trefoil Lotus corniculatus 198*
"Exotic" Black medic Medicago lupulina 199
Violet Violaceae
Early blue violet Viola adunca 201
Marsh violet Viola palustris 202
Stream violet Viola glabella 203
Trailing yellow violet Viola sempervirens 203
Evening Primrose Onagraceae
Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium 206
? "Blue" Purple-leaved willowherb Epilobium ciliatum 207
Enchanter's-nightshade Circaea alpina 210
Carrot Apiaceae
Cow-parsnip Heracleum lanatum 213
Pacific water-parsley Oenanthe sarmentosa 216
Mountain sweet-cicely Osmorhiza chilensis 217
Wintergreen Pyrolaceae
Pink wintergreen Pyrola asarifolia 224
Waterleaf Hydrophyllaceae
? "Blue" Waterleaf spp. Hydrophyllum spp. 230
Mint Laminaceae
Northern water horehound Lycopus uniflorus 243
Blue skullcap Scutelleria lateriflora 243*
Field mint Mentha arvensis 244
"Exotic" Common dead-nettle Lamium amplexicaule 244
"Exotic" Ground-ivy Glecoma hederacea 245
? "Exotic" Self-heal Prunella vulgaris 246
"Exotic" Hemp-nettle Glaeopsis tetrahit 246
Cooley's hedge-nettle Stachys cooleyae 247
Swamp hedge-nettle Stachys palustris 247*
Figwort Schophulariaceae
"Exotic" Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris 250
"Exotic" Common foxglove Digitalis purpurea 251
American brooklime Veronica beccabunga ssp. americana 261
Sunflower Asteraceae
"Exotic" Common dandelion Taraxacum officinale 270
"Exotic" Smooth hawksbeard Crepis capillaris 272
"Exotic" Hairy cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata 274
"Exotic" Nipplewort Lapsana communis 276
"Exotic" Wall lettuce Lactuca muralis 276
"Exotic" Chicory Cichorium intybus 277
Yarrow Achillea millefolium 279
"Unknown" Pineapple weed Matricaria discoidea 279
Dune tansy Tanacetum bipinnatum ssp. huronense 280
"Exotic" Oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare 281
"Exotic" Horseweed Conyza canadensis var. glabrata 282
Philadelphia fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus 284
Douglas' aster Aster subspicatus 288
Canada goldenrod Solidago canadensis 289
Nodding beggarticks Bidens cernua 290
Pathfinder Adenocaulon bicolor 293
Palmate coltsfoot Petasites palmatus 294
"Exotic" Wood groundsel Senecio sylvaticus 299
"Exotic" Tansy ragwort Senecio jacobaea 299*
Pearly everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea 304
"Exotic" Common burdock Arctium minus 305
"Exotic" Canada thistle Cirsium arvense 306
"Exotic" Bull thistle Cirsium vulgare 306*
Other Families
Western dwarf mistletoe Arceuthobium campylopodum 308
? "Exotic" Stinging nettle Urtica dioica 309
Vanilla-leaf Achlys triphylla 312
Pacific bleeding heart Dicentra formosa 313
Common touch-me-not Impatiens noli-tangere 314
"Exotic" Policeman's helmet Impatiens gladulifera 314*
"Exotic" Small touch-me-not Impatiens parviflora n/a
"Exotic" Common stork's-bill Erodium cicutarium 315
"Exotic" Herb-robert Geranium robertianum 316
"Exotic" Dovefoot geranium Geranium molle 316
Wild ginger Asarum caudatum 317
? "Blue" Western St. John's-wort Hypericum formosum 319
Bunchberry Cornus canadensis 320
Broad-leaved starflower Trientalis latifolia 322
"Exotic" European bittersweet Solanum dulcamara 325
"Exotic" Field bindweed Convulvulus arvensis 326
"Exotic" Ribwort Plantago lanceolata 329
"Exotic" Common plantain Plantago major 329*
? "Exotic" "Blue" Bedstraw spp. Galium spp. 330
Skunk cabbage Lysichiton americanum 334

*species is listed in the text of another plant listing

Others
 

  Common Name Scientific Name P & M 2004
Aquatics
Water-plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica 337
Wapato Sagittaria latifolia 337
Cattail Typha latifolia 338
Marsh cinquefoil Potentilla palustris 339
Water smartweed Polygonum amphibium 342
Floating-leaved pondweed Potamogeton natans 342
Grass-leaved pondweed Potamogeton gramineus 343
Narrow-leaved bur-reed Sparganium angustifolium 344
Yellow pond-lily Nuphar polysepalum 349
"Exotic" Common water cress Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum 150*
Oddballs
Indian-pipe Monotropa uniflora 352
Sedges & Rushes
Sawbeak sedge Carex stipata 393
Falkland Island sedge Carex macloviana 394
Smooth sedge Carex laeviculmis 395
Tule Scirpus lacustris 404
Small-flowered bulrush Scirpus microcarpus 405
Creeping spike-rush Eleocharis palustris 406
? "Exotic" Common rush Juncus effusus 410
Toad rush Juncus bufonius 411
Dagger-leaved rush Juncus ensifolius 413
Slender rush Juncus tenuis 413
Ferns & Allies
Bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum 420
Deer fern Blechnum spicant 420
Sword fern Polystichum munitum 421
Lady fern Athyrium filix-femina 422
Spiny wood fern Dryopteris expansa 422
Oak fern Gymnocarpium dryopteris 423
Licorice fern Polypodium glycyrrhiza 424
Maidenhair fern Adiantum pedatum 425
Horsetails
Common horsetail Equisetum arvense 430
Scouring-rush Equisetum hyemale 431

*species is listed in the text of another plant listing

Main contributors: Stan Olson, Glen Ryder, and Mike Schulz