The Dead Sea Scrolls are what first brought me to Trinity years ago as a student and remain what excites me most about researching and teaching on faculty. My interests intersect at the transmission and early interpretation of biblical traditions in ancient Judaism, with a particular focus on Aramaic literature found among the Qumran library. I am currently writing a volume on a cross-section of these texts for a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council grant project for the Eerdmans Commentaries on the Dead Sea Scrolls series. This project extends out of my McMaster University dissertation turned monograph, "The Dynamics of Dream-Vision Revelation in the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls" (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2015), which was awarded the 2015 Manfred Lautenschlaeger Award for Theological Promise from the University of Heidelburg. I am a member and regular presenter at annual meetings of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies and Society of Biblical Literature and past fellow of the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem.
I teach in the undergraduate and graduate programs in the Department of Religious Studies in the areas of Old Testament literature and languages and am Co-Director of The Dead Sea Scrolls Institute, founded in 1995 as the first institute of the university and the only research centre of its kind in North America. For information on research opportunities, initiatives, an events relating to the Dead Sea Scrolls at Trinity follow us on Twitter(@twudssi) and Facebook.com/twudssi.
Research & Scholarship
B.A. Theology (Rocky Mountain College)
M.A. Biblical Studies (Trinity Western University)
Ph.D Religious Studies (McMaster University)
Awards & Honors
2013–2015, Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
2013, Ontario Graduate Research Scholarship , Government of Ontario (declined)
2012–2013, Harry Lyman Hooker Senior Fellowship, McMaster University
2012, George A. Barton Fellowship, The Albright Institute of Archaeological Research, Jerusalem
2012, Doctoral Travel Scholarship, Canadian Corporation for the Study of Religion
2011–2012, Abby Goldblatt Award for Excellence in the Study of Early Judaism, McMaster University
2009–2012, Joseph-Armand Bombardier Canada Doctoral Scholarship, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
2011, Norman E. Wagner Award for Innovative Use of Technology, Canadian Society of Biblical Studies
2008–2009, Joseph-Armand Bombardier Canada Graduate Scholarship, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
2007–2008, Research Fellowship, Trinity Western University, Canada Research Chair in Dead Sea Scrolls
The Dynamics of Dream-Vision Revelation in the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls. Foreword by Florentino García Martínez. Journal of Ancient Judaism Supplements 19. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2015.
"Tobit's Context and Contacts in the Qumran Aramaic Anthology." Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha 25 (2015): 23–51.
“Another Look at Dualism in the Visions of Amram.” Henoch 36 (2014): 107–18.
“An Almanac of Tobit Research: 2000–2014.” Currents in Biblical Research 13 (2014): 107–42.
“Tobit and the Genesis Apocryphon: Toward a Family Portrait.” Journal of Biblical Literature 133 (2014): 111–32. (Co-authored with Daniel Machiela).
“Capturing the Voices of Pseudepigraphic Personae: On the Form and Function of Incipits in the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls.” Dead Sea Discoveries 20 (2013): 98–123.
“The Variants of 4Q(Reworked) Pentateuch: A Comprehensive List of the Textual Variants in 4Q158, 4Q364–367 in Biblical Sequence.” Journal of Jewish Studies 63 (2012): 127–57.
“‘That you may know everything from him with certainty’: A New Reading in 4QEnGiantsb ar (4Q530) and a Literary Connection between the Book of Giants and Genesis Apocryphon.” Revue de Qumran 25 (2011): 113–125. (Co-authored with Daniel Machiela).
Book Chapters and Dictionary Articles:
“Daniel Traditions: The Chronicles of Jerahmeel.” In Textual History of the Bible: The Deutero-Canonical Scriptures. Edited by Matthias Henze. Leiden: Brill, forthcoming. (Co-authored with Peter Flint).
“ליץ” and “נאם.” In Theologisches Wörterbuch zu den Qumrantexten, Band II. Edited by Heinz-Josef Fabry and Ulrich Dahmen. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2013.
“Hanukkah,” “Pentateuch,” “Phylactery,” and “Sheol.” In The Dictionary of the Bible and Western Culture: A Handbook for Students. Edited by Mary Ann Beavis and Michael Gilmour. Sheffield: Phoenix Press, 2012.
“Towards a New Edition of 4QReworkedPentateucha (4Q158): Text, Translation, Variants and Notes.” Pages 59–76 in Celebrating the Dead Sea Scrolls: A Canadian Collection. Edited by Jean Duhaime, Peter Flint, and Kyung Baek. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2011.
Bennie H. Reynolds III, Between Symbolism and Realism: The Use of Symbolic and Non-Symbolic Language in Ancient Jewish Apocalypses 333–63 B.C.E. Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, forthcoming.
Devorah Dimant and Reinhard G. Kratz (eds.), Rewriting and Interpreting the Hebrew Bible: The Biblical Patriarchs in the Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Marginalia: A Review of Books in History, Theology & Religion (2014): http://marginalia.lareviewofbooks.org/relaxing-lin...
Daniel C. Olson, A New Reading of the Animal Apocalypse of 1 Enoch: ‘All Nations Shall be Blessed.’ Reviews of the Enoch Seminar (2013): http://www.enochseminar.org//drupal/node/17714
Leslie W. Walck, The Son of Man in the Parables of Enoch and in Matthew. Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 41 (2012): 133–34.
Jason Kalman and Jaqueline S. du Toit, Canada’s Big Biblical Bargain: How McGill University Bought the Dead Sea Scrolls.Arc: The Journal of the Faculty of Religious Studies, McGill University 28 (2010): 196–98.
Eugene Ulrich, The Biblical Qumran Scrolls: Transcriptions and Textual Variants. Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 10 (2010): http://www.jhsonline.org/reviews/reviews_new/revie...
Sidnie White Crawford, Rewriting Scripture in Second Temple Times. Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 9 (2009): http://www.jhsonline.org/reviews/reviews_new/revie...
James K. Mead, Biblical Theology: Issues, Methods, and Themes. Toronto Journal of Theology 25 (2009): 144.
Richard A. Horsely, Scribes, Visionaries, and the Politics of Second Temple Judea. Reviews in Religion and Theology 16 (2009): 16–18.
Gary N. Knoppers and Bernard M. Levinson (eds.), The Pentateuch as Torah: New Models for Understanding its Promulgation and Acceptance. Toronto Journal of Theology 24 (2008): 262–63.
“The Aramaic Imagination: New Challenges and New Data for Conceptualizing the Apocalypse from Aramaic Dream-Vision Literature.” Paper presented at the international meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Vienna, July 7, 2014.
“Viewing Tobit through the Lens of the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls.” Paper presented at the international meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Vienna, July 10, 2014.
“Dreaming of Genesis: Enhancing Some Pre-Diluvian and Patriarchal Portraits through Exegetical Dream-Visions in the Qumran Aramaic Texts.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Northwest Region of the American Academy of Religion and Society of Biblical Literature, Calgary, May 10, 2014.
“From Lingua Franca to Lingua Sacra: The Scripturalization of Tobit in 4QTobe.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies, St. Catherine’s, May 24, 2014.
“The Evolution of the Apocalypse: Dream-Visions and the Inception of Apocalyptic from Zechariah 1–6 to 4QVisions of Amram.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Chicago, November 17, 2012.
“The Compositional Structure of Dream-Visions in the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls: A Preliminary Report.” Paper presented at the Graduate Enoch Seminar at the University of Notre Dame, South Bend, June 19, 2012.
“Picking Up Where Levi Left Off: Priestly Tradition and Dream-Vision Discourse from the Aramaic Levi Document to 4QVisions of Amram.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies, Waterloo, May 29, 2012.
“‘The Book of the Words of [Insert Name Here]’: On the Use of Incipits as a Pseudepigraphic Mechanism in the Aramaic Scrolls.” Paper presented at the Lost Texts Graduate Conference at the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York, April 27, 2012.
“Recasting Moses in the Reworked Pentateuch.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta, November 20, 2010.
“Dusting for Scribal Fingerprints: The Interpretive Overlay of 4QReworked Pentateuch.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies, Ottawa, May 24, 2009.
“Echoes between Qumran and Alexandria: The Septuagintal Contours of 4QReworked Pentateuch.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Northwest Region of the American Academy of Religion and Society of Biblical Literature, Tacoma, April 25, 2009.
Dead Sea Scrolls, Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, Aramaic, apocalyptic literature, Apocrypha/Pseudepigrapha, Second Temple Judaism, history of the biblical texts.
- RELS 101: Introduction to Old Testament Studies
- RELS 245: Introduction to Biblical Hebrew I
- RELS 336: Introduction to Biblical Hebrew II
- RELS: 337: Readings in the Hebrew Bible
- RESL 320: Dead Sea Scrolls