A. Bulent Alaner
Mysterious Sounds of Anatolia: The Anatolian Music Culture which Created Anatolian Community Through Nations and Religions
The purpose of this study is to highlight that Anatolia has a living musical culture which has a great impact on communities in Anatolia. Although religions, nations, states, and societies have been subject to change in the course of time, the musical culture accommodates the alterations within the course of the conjectures of the times. Anatolian Music is the main source of joint qualifications of nations and religions. Regarding this fact, in this study, I will try to figure out how have Music has been used to close communities through out the history of Anatolia. The studies in Musical history revealed that Ancient Greek Culture, which is assumed as the origin of today’s European Culture, is based on the Greek Music that originated from Anatolian Music and Anatolian Musical theories. Since classical Greek philosophers compiled and manipulated the Anatolian melodies within a scientific frame, Anatolian Music and its melody accessed to western civilizations and cultures. Musical structures and their names in Ancient Greek Music were directly affected by the cultures such as Phrygian, Lydian, and Dorian which also affect the Greek culture. It is known that Phrygian, Lydian, and Dorian structures are also the names of musical structures known all over the world. It is also claimed that these structures reflect different ethos in mythology. For instance, Dorian structure is the music of ideal people of battle fields whereas, Lydian is the music of tactful and peaceful people. The Phrygian Musical Structure - accordingly Anatolia - becomes the pioneering mystery in Musical mysticism. The Phrygian Musical Structure becomes the center of Anatolia which is living in Music . The Phrygian Mode means attaining the Gods in Phrygia; it means rogation to the God in Catholic and Orthodox religions; it is the love of God in Yunus Emre’s poems; it is announcing the name of Allah (Tekbir) in recent Anatolia. What happened when Anatolian melodies and rhythms meet with Orthodox Melodies? What about different ethnical origins in Anatolia? To cut long story short ; Anatolia is a culture and it is a very fruitful land; although religions, nations, states, and societies have subjected to change in the course of time, Anatolia always stand still. The Musical culture which comes from a long journey for years remained in Anatolia. Anatolian Music means Love, as Yunus Emre avows. It is brotherhood and fellowship as in Lyses of Plato. It is the symbol of Peace, with its societies such as Jews, Assyrians, Orthodox, and Moslems. This Love, brotherhood and Peace addresses us within the verses of Music from millenniums of history to today.
A. Bulent ALANER is a Proffesor Dr in Musicology. He works as Deputy Director of State Conservatory at Anadolu University. His is interested in musicology and music education. He has a plenty of papers presented at international and national conferences and three books on Music and Musicology. Some of his papers are;"A Creative Music Therapy Aplication on an Autistic Child”, 1st Art Therapy World Congress, Budapest; “The Rhytmic Structure of Anatolian Folk Music and its Implementation in Contemporary Music”, Rhythm and Rhythmic Education in the World’s Musical Culture Seminar, Moskow, 2000; "Music Publication Ottoman Empire", International Symposium For Turkish Music in Ottoman Period, 2006, Bursa-TURKEY; "Yunus Emre and Sufi (Mystic) Music From Anatolia", Hawaii International Conference on Arts & Humanities, 2007, USA.