The Abyss and The Berries
During the bombardment of Britain in World War II, the British government adopted the policy of mass internment of foreign nationals originating from ''enemy'' states (namely Germany, Austria and Italy). I will present a paper depicting the unique artistic community which developed within three of these civilian internment camps: Huyton, Hutchinson and Central Promenade Camps. Particular attention will be given to the experiences of the German/Austrian interned musicians and visual artists- most of whom were Jewish refugees- during the critical years of 1940-1941. These include musicians Hans Gal , Franz Reizenstein, Hans Keller, and Walter Bergmann; and visual artists Kurt Schwitters, Helmut Weissenborn, Fred Ulhman and Klaus E. Hinrichsen. In addition, interned artists views and concerns regarding that war and their relationship to it will be explored. This qualitative research will be based on documents, firsthand accounts, personal interviews and related diaries and memoirs.
Suzanne Snizek is currently the flute instructor at Trinity Western University in BC, Canada. Prior to that position she was senior lecturer of flute at the University of the Arts in Philadelphia from 2000 to 2005. Prior to immigrating to Canada in 2005, she enjoyed an active freelance career in the Philadelphia area, performing with groups as varied as the Moody Blues and Roger Daltrey to The Chamber Orchestra of Philadelphia, the Trenton Symphony, the Delaware Symphony and the Bel Canto Opera Company. She has recorded for Kindermusic International, Taiwan television and several HBO television projects. She received her Bachelor degree in music at Indiana University-Bloomington, and the Master in Music at the University of the Arts in Philadelphia. She is currently at work on a DMA degree at the University of British Columbia in flute. Her thesis examines the musical culture within the WWII British civilian internment camps known as Huyton, Central Promenade and Hutchinson, with special focus on the composer Hans Gal and the interned musicians who worked with him.