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Year Course ID Course
2021-2022 BIOL 100

Not offered every year See Department Chair

Course Credits:
2021-2022 BIOL 101

Genes and Society

This course introduces students to modern concepts in biology and enables them to evaluate independently the potential benefits and risks of the biotechnological revolution and its implications for society. The topics give an understanding of the nature of the genetic material, as well as major technologies currently used in genetic engineering. Cloning and genetic engineering of microorganisms, plants, and animals are discussed. Students are made aware of the impact of various genetic engineering projects on their own lives and on society in general. Ethical, moral, and theological issues arising from genetic engineering are also discussed.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): None (3-0 or 3-0)
Co-requisite(s): BIOL196 Lab (0 sem. hr.)
NB: Not to be taken for credit by biology students Not offered every year. See department chair.
2021-2022 BIOL 103

Introduction to Biology I - Ecology and Biodiversity

An introduction to basic concepts and connections in the study of life, with emphasis on ecology and adaptation of representative life forms. The major plant and animal groups are surveyed with emphasis on unifying elements and diversities. This course is designed for nonScience majors and, without BIOL 104 and 105, does not serve as a prerequisite for upper level biology courses.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): None (3-3 0-0)
Co-requisite(s): BIOL196 Lab (0 sem. hr.)
2021-2022 BIOL 104

Introduction to Biology II - The Design of Life

An introduction to the basic relationships governing the existence of all living organisms. The anatomy and physiology at all levels from DNA to organ-systems are studied, looking at energy requirements, inheritance, reproduction, development, and adaptation of representative life forms. This course is designed for non-Science majors and, without BIOL 105, does not serve as a prerequisite for upper level biology courses.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): None (0-0 3-3)
Co-requisite(s): BIOL197 Lab (0 sem. hr.)
2021-2022 BIOL 105

Advanced Introduction to Biology

This lecture course covers certain topics in biology that are foundational to modern biology. The course examines the chemistry of life, DNA, phylogeny, ecosystems, physiology, and biotechnology. This course is designed for students who have taken BIOL 103, 104 and intend to take upper level biology courses.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 103, 104
NB: Summer sessions only
2021-2022 BIOL 113

Principles of Biology I

An introduction to the basic relationships governing the existence of all living organisms, with emphasis on ecology and adaptation of representative life forms. Consideration is given to classification and surveys of the major plant and animal groups with emphasis on unifying elements and diversities.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): Biology 11 or 12 or equivalent (3-3 0-0)
Co-requisite(s): BIOL198 Lab (1 sem. hr.)
2021-2022 BIOL 114

Principles of Biology II

An introduction to the basic relationships governing the existence of all living organisms. Consideration is given to the anatomy and physiology at all levels as these relate to the energy requirements, inheritance, reproduction, development, and adaptation of representative life forms.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): Biology 11 or 12 equivalent (0-0 3-3)
Co-requisite(s): BIOL199 Lab (1 sem. hr.)
2021-2022 BIOL 200

Biotechnology Practica II

Biotechnology Practica II and III provide general and advanced intern experiences in industrial settings. BIOL 200 (2 sem. hrs.) is a requirement for entry to co-op placements and graduation. BIOL 300 (3 sem. hrs.) is additional intern experience providing exposure to advanced techniques and applications in biotechnology. The skills taught in each practicum vary depending on the industrial setting, but should include some of the following techniques: mammalian tissue culture; monoclonal antibody production including cell fusion; hybridoma screening by ELISA and immunoblotting; fermentation microbiology and the operation of large-scale fermentation systems; insect cell culture and use of Baculovirus expression vectors to produce recombinant proteins; downstream processing and the recovery and purification of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids; freezing, freeze-drying and preservation of microorganisms, animal viruses, cell lines and hybridomas; high throughput screening strategies, diagnostic testing; methods in bioinformatics; and quality control procedures.

Course Credits: 2
Prerequisite(s): BIOT 100
Cross-listed: BIOT 200/300
2021-2022 BIOL 212

Biology of Vascular Plants

An exploration of the role of plants as the basis for most ecosystems, and as valuable resources for agriculture, horticulture, forestry, biotechnology, and other areas of human concern. The study of vascular plants includes classification, development, physiology, ecology, and economic uses, with comparison of form, function, and significance. The course involves local field trips and laboratory studies.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 103, 104, and 105 or BIOL 113, 114 (0-0 3-3)
NB: Students may take only one of BIOL 212 or BIOL 312 for credit Not offered every year See department chair
2021-2022 BIOL 214

Biology of Non-vascular Plants

An exploration of non-vascular plants and the important niches they occupy, particularly in aquatic or moist environments and in relation to human health. The course covers algae, fungi, lichens, and bryophytes including classification, development, physiology, and ecology. Applied aspects include productivity of freshwater and marine systems, commercial uses, mushroom culture, plant pathology, and environmental and human health. Firsthand experience of the organisms includes local field trips and laboratory studies

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 103, 104, and 105 or BIOL 113, 114 (0-0 3-3)
NB: Students may take only one of BIOL 214 or BIOL 314 for credit Not offered every year See department chair
2021-2022 BIOL 216

Plant Environments

The crucial role of plant ecology in shaping major habitats, including those in British Columbia, will be examined. A trip to Salt Spring Island will highlight the threatened Garry oak ecosystem and other features of interest. Field trips throughout the course will highlight the population dynamics and interrelationships of plant communities in natural habitats, agricultural crops and managed forests. Critical assessment of planetary stewardship will form a common theme across various issues in plant ecology.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): Instructor's consent
Cross-listed: GENV 216
2021-2022 BIOL 223

Cell Biology

A study of the molecules and processes that determine cell structure and function, including how this information is derived from the wide range of visual and analytical tools available today. The course describes the chemical nature of cells and the structure and behaviour of cells in the context of tissues.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 103, 104, and 105 (minimum Grade C required); or BIOL 113 and BIOL 114 (minimum Grade C required); CHEM 103 or 111 and CHEM 104 or 112 (minimum Grade C required);. (3-3; 0-0)
NB: Students are advised to take CHEM 221 (Organic Chemistry) concurrently with BIOL 223
2021-2022 BIOL 226

Introduction to Evolutionary Theory

An introduction to the basic concepts of evolution as an organizing theory in biology. Topics covered include: comparative genomics, sources or variation, natural selection, genetic drift, adaptation, sexual selection, kin selection, speciation and phylogenetics.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 103, 104 and 105 or BIOL 113 and 114
2021-2022 BIOL 233

Microbiology for Nurses

A study of pathogenic microorganisms and the control of infectious diseases. Topics include (i) the biology of bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminths; (ii) immunity, immunology, and immunization; (iii) sterilization, disinfection, chemotherapeutic agents; and (iv) epidemiology and public health microbiology. This course is only open to nursing students.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 241 and 242.
NB: Students may only take on of BIOL 233 or BIOL 333 for credit.
2021-2022 BIOL 241

Human Anatomy & Physiology I

An introductory course in human anatomy and physiology focusing on the structure and function of the cellular, histological, integumentary, skeleton, muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic systems. Special attention will be given to the interaction of these systems in maintenance of homeostasis and adaptations during performance and disease conditions.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): None (3-3 0-0)
2021-2022 BIOL 242

Human Anatomy and Physiology II

An introductory course in human anatomy and physiology focusing on the structure and function of the nervous, digestive, renal, endocrine, and reproductive systems in addition to immunity and acid-base balance. Special attention will be given to the interaction of these systems in maintenance of homeostasis and adaptations.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 241 or Instructor's consent (0-0; 3-3)
2021-2022 BIOL 262

Marine Biology

A study of the life history and distribution of marine organisms in several major habitat types, including soft sediment and rocky substrate communities. Emphasis is on field and laboratory work in a survey of common local marine plants and animals and their relationships. Includes field work in the Lower Mainland, Gulf Islands, and/or Vancouver Island.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): Instructor's consent
NB: Summer sessions only Not offered every year See department chair
Cross-listed: GENV 262
2021-2022 BIOL 281

General Ecology

A study of the structure and dynamics of ecosystems. Consideration of plant and animal populations in relation to physical, chemical, and biological factors affecting their interaction and productivity. Considerable laboratory time is devoted to the study of local ecosystems, field sampling techniques, and field trips to ecological research areas.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 103, 104, and 105; or BIOL 113 and 114; or equivalent (0-0; 3-3)
Cross-listed: GENV 281
2021-2022 BIOL 290

Introduction to Biotechnology

This course reviews the role of modern biotechnology in plant, animal, and marine biology, microbiology, agriculture, the pharmaceutical industry, and medicine. The course focuses on underlying technologies in biotechnology, how these technologies are implemented, together with public concerns and government guidelines and legislation.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 103, 104, and 105 or BIOL 113 and 114
Cross-listed: BIOT 290
2021-2022 BIOL 300

Biotechnology Practica III

Biotechnology Practica II and III provide general and advanced intern experiences in industrial settings. BIOL 200 (2 sem. hrs.) is a requirement for entry to co-op placements and graduation. BIOL 300 (3 sem. hrs.) is additional intern experience providing exposure to advanced techniques and applications in biotechnology. The skills taught in each practicum vary depending on the industrial setting, but should include some of the following techniques: mammalian tissue culture; monoclonal antibody production including cell fusion; hybridoma screening by ELISA and immunoblotting; fermentation microbiology and the operation of large-scale fermentation systems; insect cell culture and use of Baculovirus expression vectors to produce recombinant proteins; downstream processing and the recovery and purification of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids; freezing, freeze-drying and preservation of microorganisms, animal viruses, cell lines and hybridomas; high throughput screening strategies, diagnostic testing; methods in bioinformatics; and quality control procedures.

Course Credits: 3
Prerequisite(s): BIOT 200/300.
Cross-listed: BIOT 200/300.