Office
Neufeld Science Centre, Langley/BC
Phone
+1 (604) 888-7511 ext. 3283

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Department(s) or Program(s)

Biography

Sonya Grypma, PhD, RN joined Trinity Western University in 2007.  She has served as Dean and Professor of Nursing at TWU since 2013.

Both a nurse and historian, Sonya started teaching nursing in 1988 and has been a research fellow at the Universities of British Columbia, Pennsylvania and Virginia.  Her program of research focuses on transnational nursing history, particularly the intersection of Canadian, American and Chinese nursing networks developed through philanthropic, missionary and nursing organizations prior to 1948. In addition to numerous articles and chapters, Sonya has published two scholarly books on missionary history:  Healing Henan:  Canadian Nurses at the North China Mission, 1888-1947 (also published in Chinese) and China Interrupted:  Japanese Internment and the Reshaping of a Canadian Missionary Community  (currently in translation) as well as a co-edited book entitled Transnational and Historical Perspectives on Global Health, Welfare and Humanitarianism.  Dr. Grypma has been an invited keynote speaker on four continents – for example, to the 100th anniversary of Peking Union Medical Hospital in Beijing in 2017.  

In addition to teaching responsibilities, Sonya has served on thesis committees of 25 graduate students, including 3 PhD candidates.  She has served on numerous committees, including on TWU Senate for 6 years (including as Chair) and on the TWU Faculty Workplace Environment Committee.  She has also been involved in nursing education leadership provincially, as Chair of the Nursing Education Council of BC, and nationally. 

She is currently President-Elect for Canadian Association for Schools of Nursing--Association canadienne des écoles de sciences infirmières.

Research & Scholarship

Dr. Sonya Grypma’s research interests include transnational nursing history, particularly the intersection of Canadian, American and Chinese nursing networks developed through philanthropic, missionary and nursing organizations prior to the 1948 development of the World Health Organization.

Research Projects

2012:  Medical Transitions in 20th Century China

  • Bullock, M. & Andrews, B. (Project Leads), with Barnes, N., Benedict, C., Bu, L., Chen, L., Core, R., Fan, KW., Fang., X., Gao, X., Gross, M.,Grypma, S. (Co-Investigator/Author - Nursing), Hsiang-lin Lei, S., Hu, C., Johnson, T., Renshaw, M., Watt, J., Yu, X.,  Zhang, D. & Zhen, C.
  • Funding by China Medical Board

2011: Nursing Activities of the Rockefeller Foundation, 1915-1965: A Multimedia Essay

  • Yves, Saunier, P., Nelson, S., D'Antonio, P., Grypma, S. & Dary, R.
  • Funding by Rockefeller Foundation

2010-2011: Contact Zone:  The Interplay of Religion, Race and Gender at the Canadian Mission Hospital at Weihui, China, 1896 to 1949 (Phase II) 

  • Sonya Grypma (Principal Investigator), Na Wu (Research Associate)
  • Funding by SSHRC:

2009- 2012 Considering Place: Religious, Spiritual and Cultural Plurality in Home Health Care

  • Sheryl Reimer Kirkham (Principal Investigator), Sonya Grypma, Barbara Pesut, Rick Sawatzky, Sonya Sharma.
  • Funding by SSHRC:

2009- 2010 Contact Zone: The Interplay of Religion, Race and Gender at the Canadian Mission Hospital at Weihui, China, 1896 to 1949 (Phase I)

  • Sonya Grypma (Principal Investigator).
  • Funding by SSHRC Institutional Grant (SIG):

2009- 2010: Worthy of the Name: The Philadelphia Roots of Elizabeth McKechnie First Missionary Nurse to China, 1884.

  • Sonya Grypma (Principal Investigator).
  • Funding by Lillian Sholtis Brunner Fellowship for Historical Research in Nursing. University of Pensylvania, Barbara Bates Center for the Study of the History of Nursing:

2006 - 2009 Canadian Nursing History: The Cultures of Colonialism and Nationalism

  • Meryn Stuart (Principal Investigator), Cynthia Toman, Myra Rutherdale, Kathryn McPherson, Laurie Meijer Drees, Johanne Daigle, Sonya Grypma, Marion McKay.
  • Funding by SSHRC:

SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellowship

2005 - 2007 Canadian Nurses Interned Under the Japanese in China, 1941 - 1947

  • Grypma, S. Postdoctoral Study
  • Advisor: Dr. Geertje Boschma, University of British Columbia

SSHRC Doctoral Fellowship

2001 - 2005 Canadian Nurses at the North China Mission, 1888 - 1947

  • Grypma, S. Doctoral Study
  • Co-Supervisors: Dr. Janet Ross Kerr; Dr. Pauline Paul, University of Alberta

Education

  • Bachelor of Nursing, (University of Calgary)
  • Master of Nursing, (University of Calgary)
  • PhD (Nursing), (University of Alberta)
  • Also completed a 2 year SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellowship (Nursing history) at UBC in 2007.

Awards & Honors

2009       Lillian Sholtis Brunner Fellow            University of Pennsylvania

2006       Barbara Brodie Fellow                       University of Virginia          

2005-07 SSHRC Post-Doctoral Fellow            University of British Columbia

2005       Christie Dissertation Award               American Ass’n History Nursing

2003-05 Izaak Walton Killam Scholar              University of Alberta

Recent Publications

Books

Grypma, S. [Chinese transl. by Xinzhong Zhang & Yuan Wang; proofread by Xiaogang Weng & Na Wu] (2015).  Healing Henan:  Canadian Nurses at the North China Mission, 1888-1947.  (Henan, PR China: Henan People’s Publish House)(加)盖艾帕玛 (Grypma, S.)著; 张新中,王玉安译;翁孝刚,吴娜审校. 《行医河南: 华北使团加拿大护士在1888-1947》【M】. 郑州:河南人民出版社, 2015.

Fleischmann, E., Grypma, S, & Marten, M. Okkenhaug, I., (Eds). (2013) Transnational and Historical Perspectives on Global Health, Welfare and Humanitarianism. (Norway: Portal Folag) 250 pages

Grypma, S. (2012).  China Interrupted:  Japanese Internment and the Reshaping of a Missionary Community (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press). 305 pages

Grypma, S. (2008). Healing Henan:  Canadian Nurses at the North China Mission, 1888-1947 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press). 292 pages

Recent Book Chapters

Grypma, S. (in press). Chapter 3: The development of nursing in Canada. In P. Potter, A. Perry, B. Astle, & W. Duggleby (Eds.) Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing Practice (6th ed.). (Toronto: Mosby). 35-47

Grypma, S., Zhen, C. & Jiang, Y. [Chinese transl] (2017).  The development of modern nursing in China. In Mary Bullock, Bridie Andrews & Lincoln Chen (Eds.), Medical Transitions in 20th Century China. (Beijing: Commercial Press). 

Grypma, S. & Zhen, C. (2014).  The development of modern nursing in China. In Mary Bullock & Bridie Andrews (Eds.), Medical Transitions in 20th Century China. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press). 297-317

Fleischmann, E., Grypma, S., & Marten, M. & Okkenhaug (2013).  Introduction.  In Okkenhaug, I., Fleischmann, E., Grypma, S., & Martens, M. (Eds). Transnational and Historical Perspectives on Global Health, Welfare and Humanitarianism.  (Norway:  Portal Folag).

Grypma, S. (2013).  Pushing boundaries:  Transnational approaches to global health history.  In Okkenhaug, I., Fleischmann, E., Grypma, S., & Martens, M. (Eds). Transnational and Historical Perspectives on Global Health, Welfare and Humanitarianism.  (Norway:  Portal Folag).

Recent Articles

Reimer-Kirkham, S., Sharma, S., Grypma, S., Pesut, B., Sawatzky, R., Wolfs, D. (2017). The elephant on the table:  Religious and ethnic diversity in home health services.  Journal of Religion & Health.  DOI: 10.1007/s10943-017-0489-7 (20 pages)

Lu, J., Cao, Y., Bu, L., Shen, L., & Grypma, S. (2017). The emergence of nursing in Shandong, China.  Chinese Journal of Medical Ethics. 《齐鲁现代护理探源及几点思考》

Lu, J., Grypma, S, Cao, Y., Bu, L., Shen, L., & Davidson, P. (2017). Historical-informed nursing: A transnational case study in China. Nursing Inquiry. Doi: 10.1111/nin.12205

Grypma, S. (2017) Historically-informed nursing: The untapped potential of history in nursing education.  Quality Advancement in Nursing Education| Avancees en formation infirmiere, 3(1) Article 5 http://qane-afi.casn.ca/journal/vol3/iss1/2/

Grypma, S. (2017).  Book review: Sujani Reddy: Nursing and Empire: Gendered Labor and Migration from India to the United States. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. DOI 10.1093/jhmas/jrw054 

Grypma, S. (2017). Book review:  Sister Soldiers of the Great War:  The Nurses of the Canadian Army Medical Corps.  Pacific Historical Review, 86(2), 326-328

Harder, M., Astle, B., Grypma, S., & Voyageur, E. (2016). Discerning Success of Indigenous Health Students in Community-based Programs.  Quality Advancement in Nursing Education, 2(2),

Pijl-Zieber, E., Grypma, S., & Barton, S. (2014). Baccalaureate nursing education: has it delivered?  A retrospective critique and a call to action.  Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership (2), 27-34

Suzuki, M. & Grypma, S. (2014).  In Retrospect:  Change a life – One child at a time.  Journal of Christian Nursing, 31(2), 58

Jablonski, L., & Grypma, S. (2013).  In Retrospect:  Nursing at altitude:  Propelling the profession forward. Journal of Christian Nursing, 30(4), 250

Wolfs, D., & Grypma, S. (2013).  In Retrospect:  Selflessness in nursing:  A win-win-win situation.  Journal of Christian Nursing, 30(3), 184

Vandenberg, H. & Grypma, S. (2013).  In Retrospect: Being Countercultural: Lessons from History.  Journal of Christian Nursing, 30(2), 119

Reimer-Kirkham, S., Grypma, S., & Terblanche, L. (2013).  Religion and ethics in pluralistic healthcare contexts. (invited)  Journal of Christian Nursing Online Extra E1-E6.

Wytenbroek, L. & Grypma, S. (2013).  In Retrospect:  The challenge of international nursing, then & now. JCN, 30(1), 56

Grypma, S., Wolfs, D. & Reimer-Kirkham, S. (2012).  Returning home:  Historical influences on home health care in Canada. Home Healthcare Nurse, 30(8), 453-460

Grypma, S. & Wu, N. (2012). China confidential:  Methodological and ethical challenges in global nursing historiography.   Nursing History Review, 20. 162-183

Recent Keynote & Plenary Presentations

Grypma, S. (February 2018).  Calgary, AB:  Nursing Education in Canada:  Past as Prologue:  A (Scandalously Brief) History of Nursing Education’s Future. Invited Keynote Speaker.  Western Northern Region of the Canadian Association for Schools of Nursing.   

Grypma, S., Li, L. (November, 2017).  Richmond, BC:  Nursing in China: Past, Present & Future.  Nurse Networking Café, TWU Richmond (with Chinese nurse guests from Henan People’s Provincial Hospital). 

Grypma, S. (September 2017).  Beijing, China:  Early PUMC Nursing Education: Transnational Influences and Impact:  Invited Keynote speaker. 2017 Peking Union Medical College School of Nursing International Nursing Education Symposium

Grypma, S. (September 2017).  Jinan, China:  Qilu and Canadian Missionary Nurses, 1927-1945.  Invited speaker. Qilu Hospital, Shandong University School of Nursing and School of Medicine.

Reimer-Kirkham, S., Musto, L., Schutt, K., & Grypma, S. (November 2016).  Langley, BC. Panel:  Medical Assistance in Dying: Opening the Dialogue.  TWU Nurse Networking Café.

Grypma, S. (September, 2016).  Beijing, China:  Early development of nursing in China, 1884-1949. 2016 Peking Union Medical College International Nursing Academic Forum (Keynote) [in English w/ translation in Chinese]

Grypma, S. (September, 2016).  Zhengzhou, China: Nursing Education in Canada and China.  Henan Provincial Hospital – Trinity Western University Nursing Exchange.

Grypma, S. (September, 2014).  Los Negrales, Madrid, Spain:  Where have we come from?  Why history of nursing matters. Nurses Christian Fellowship International Ninth European Regional Quadrennial Conference (Plenary)

Grypma, S. (January, 2014).  San Bernardino, CA:  Preaching to patients? Critical and historical perspectives on medical missionaries.  The Ethics of Witness in Health Care. 6th Annual Faith, Health and Wholeness Conference.  Center for Spiritual Life and Wholeness, Loma Linda University (Plenary)

Grypma, S. (November, 2013).  Vancouver, BC:  China interrupted:  Japanese internment and the reshaping of a Canadian missionary community.  Nursing History Symposium:  New Contributions to the History of Nursing and Health Care.  UBC Consortium for Historical Inquiry in Nursing and Health Care (Plenary)

Grypma, S. (October, 2013).  Chilliwack, BC:  Nursing, history and historical amnesia:  A case for crossing disciplinary boundaries. University of the Fraser Valley Faculty of Health Speaker Series (Keynote)

Expertise

Dr. Grypma is a nurse historian whose scholarly interests relate especially to transnational nursing history in Canada, China and the USA. She has spoken and written extensively about nursing in international and intercultural settings and the intersection of faith and nursing.