Sonya Grypma
Office
Neufeld Science Centre, Langley/BC
Phone
+1 (604) 888-7511 ext. 3283

Department(s) or Program(s)

Biography

Dr. Sonya Grypma has served as Dean of Nursing at TWU since 2013.  Prior to joining TWU in 2007, she taught and studied at a number of different nursing programs, including at the University of Lethbridge, University of Calgary and University of Alberta, and completed a 2-year, SSHRC-funded post-doctoral fellowship at the University of British Columbia. She has also been a Brodie Research Fellow at the University of Virginia Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry and a Fisher Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania Barbara Bates Center for the Study of the History of Nursing.  Her clinical background is in public health nursing and northern nursing. Her primary areas of undergraduate and graduate teaching have been in nursing history, nursing leadership, nursing education and nursing knowledge. Her program of research focuses on transnational nursing history, particularly the intersection of Canadian, American and Chinese nursing networks developed through philanthropic, missionary and nursing organizations prior to the 1948 development of the World Health Organization.  In addition to numerous articles and book chapters she has published two books on missionary nursing in China, Healing Henan:  Canadian Nurses at the North China Mission, 1888-1947 [1] (currently being published in Chinese) and China Interrupted:  Japanese Internment and the Reshaping of a Canadian Missionary Community [2]  as well as a co-edited book entitled Transnational and Historical Perspectives on Global Health, Welfare and Humanitarianism.  Since joining TWU she has served on a number of university and professional committees, including as Chair of the TWU University Senate.   

Research & Scholarship

Dr. Grypma’s research interests include transnational nursing history, particularly the intersection of Canadian, American and Chinese nursing networks developed through philanthropic, missionary and nursing organizations prior to the 1948 development of the World Health Organization.  She is currently working with Pierre Yves Saunier, Sioban Nelson and Patricia D’Antonio on a project examining the global reach of Rockefeller nursing fellows.  She is also Co-Director of the new TWU Centre for Equity and Global Engagement.

Research Projects

2012:  Medical Transitions in 20th Century China

  • Bullock, M. & Andrews, B. (Project Leads), with Barnes, N., Benedict, C., Bu, L., Chen, L., Core, R., Fan, KW., Fang., X., Gao, X., Gross, M.,Grypma, S. (Co-Investigator/Author - Nursing), Hsiang-lin Lei, S., Hu, C., Johnson, T., Renshaw, M., Watt, J., Yu, X.,  Zhang, D. & Zhen, C.
  • Funding by China Medical Board

2011: Nursing Activities of the Rockefeller Foundation, 1915-1965: A Multimedia Essay

  • Yves, Saunier, P., Nelson, S., D'Antonio, P., Grypma, S. & Dary, R.
  • Funding by Rockefeller Foundation

2010-2011: Contact Zone:  The Interplay of Religion, Race and Gender at the Canadian Mission Hospital at Weihui, China, 1896 to 1949 (Phase II) 

  • Sonya Grypma (Principal Investigator), Na Wu (Research Associate)
  • Funding by SSHRC:

2009- 2012 Considering Place: Religious, Spiritual and Cultural Plurality in Home Health Care

  • Sheryl Reimer Kirkham (Principal Investigator), Sonya Grypma, Barbara Pesut, Rick Sawatzky, Sonya Sharma.
  • Funding by SSHRC:

2009- 2010 Contact Zone: The Interplay of Religion, Race and Gender at the Canadian Mission Hospital at Weihui, China, 1896 to 1949 (Phase I)

  • Sonya Grypma (Principal Investigator).
  • Funding by SSHRC Institutional Grant (SIG):

2009- 2010: Worthy of the Name: The Philadelphia Roots of Elizabeth McKechnie First Missionary Nurse to China, 1884.

  • Sonya Grypma (Principal Investigator).
  • Funding by Lillian Sholtis Brunner Fellowship for Historical Research in Nursing. University of Pensylvania, Barbara Bates Center for the Study of the History of Nursing:

2006 - 2009 Canadian Nursing History: The Cultures of Colonialism and Nationalism

  • Meryn Stuart (Principal Investigator), Cynthia Toman, Myra Rutherdale, Kathryn McPherson, Laurie Meijer Drees, Johanne Daigle, Sonya Grypma, Marion McKay.
  • Funding by SSHRC:

SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellowship

2005 - 2007 Canadian Nurses Interned Under the Japanese in China, 1941 - 1947

  • Grypma, S. Postdoctoral Study
  • Advisor: Dr. Geertje Boschma, University of British Columbia

SSHRC Doctoral Fellowship

2001 - 2005 Canadian Nurses at the North China Mission, 1888 - 1947

  • Grypma, S. Doctoral Study
  • Co-Supervisors: Dr. Janet Ross Kerr; Dr. Pauline Paul, University of Alberta

Education

  • Bachelor of Nursing, (University of Calgary)
  • Master of Nursing, (University of Calgary)
  • PhD (Nursing), (University of Alberta)
  • Also completed a 2 year SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellowship (Nursing history) at UBC in 2007.

Awards & Honors

  • 2012: Canadian Federation for Humanities & Social Sciences Aid to Scholarly Publications
  • 2009 - 2010: University of Pennsylvania Barbara Bates Center for Nursing Historical Research | Lillian Sholtis Brunner Fellowship
  • 2008: Canadian Federation for Humanities & Social Sciences Aid to Scholarly Publications
  • 2006 - 2008: University of Virginia Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry | Barbara Brodie Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • 2005 - 2007: Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) | Postdoctoral Fellowship (UBC)
  • 2005: American Association for the History of Nursing |Teresa E. Christy (Dissertation) Award
  • 2003 - 2004: University of Alberta | Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Scholarship
  • 2003 - 2005: SSHRC | Doctoral Fellowship (University of Alberta)
  • 2003: Canadian Association for the History of Nursing | Margaret Allemang Scholarship
  • 2003: University of Alberta | Dr. Shirley Stinson History of Nursing Scholarship
  • 2003: American Association for the History of Nursing | Student Research Award
  • 2003: Sigma Theta Tau | Rising Stars of Research and Scholarship Award
  • 2002: University of Alberta | Dr. Shirley Stinson History of Nursing Scholarship
  • 2002: Province of Alberta | Graduate Fellowship
  • 2002: Alberta Association of Registered Nurses | Helen Sabin Award
  • 2001: University of Alberta | Isobel Secord Award

Recent Publications

Books

Grypma, S. (2012). China Interrupted:  Japanese Internment and the Reshaping of a Canadian Missionary Community.  Waterloo, ON:  Wilfrid Laurier University Press

Grypma, S. (2008). Healing Henan: Canadian Nurses at the North China Mission, 1888-1947 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press).

Book Chapters

Okkenhaug, I., Fleischmann, E., Grypma, S., & Martens, M. (in press).  Introduction.  In Okkenhaug, I., Fleischmann, E.,Grypma, S., & Martens, M. (Eds).Global Health, Welfare & Humanitarianism: Knowledge Exchanges in a Historical, Transnational Perspective.  (Norway:  Portal Folag).

Grypma, S. (in press).  Pushing boundaries:  Transnational approaches to global health history.  In Okkenhaug, I., Fleischmann, E.,Grypma, S., & Martens, M. (Eds).Global Health, Welfare & Humanitarianism: Knowledge Exchanges in a Historical, Transnational Perspective.  (Norway:  Portal Folag).

Ross-Kierr, J. & Grypma, S. (in press). Chapter 3: The development of nursing in Canada. In P. Potter, A. Perry, B. Astle, & W. Duggleby (Eds.) Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing Practice (5th ed). (Toronto: Mosby)

Grypma, S. (2011). Missionary nursing: Internationalizing religious ideals. In M. Fowler, S. Reimer-Kirkham, R. Sawatzky, & E. Johnston Taylor (eds.) Religion, Religious Ethics, and Nursing (pp. 129-150). (New York: Springer).

Hall, A., Grypma, S. & Pesut, B. (2009). Chapter 28: Spiritual health. In Patricia A. Potter, Anne Griffen Perry (Eds.) J.C. Ross Kerr and M. Woods (Canadian Eds.) Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing Practice (4th ed). (Toronto: Mosby), 434 – 451.

Boschma, G., Grypma, S. & Melchior, F. (2008) Chapter 7: Reflections on Researcher Subjectivity in Nursing History. In Sandra Lewenson & Eleanor Hermann (Eds.) Capturing Nursing History: A Guide to Historical Research. (New York: Springer) 99 - 121

Grypma, S. (2008). Chapter 5: Critical Issues in the Use of the Biographic Method in Nursing History. In Sandra Lewenson & Eleanor Hermann (Eds.) Capturing Nursing History: A Guide to Historical Research. Reprint of article in Nursing History Review, 2005. (New York: Springer), 63 - 78

Potter, P. & Grypma, S. (2005). Chapter 28: Spiritual Health. In Patricia A. Potter, Anne Griffen Perry (Eds.) J.C. Ross Kerr and M. Woods (Canadian Eds.) Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing Practice (3rd ed). (Toronto: Mosby), 486-509

Potter, P. & Grypma, S. (2005). Spiritual Health: Study Guide. In Patricia A. Potter, Anne Griffen Perry (Eds.) J.C. Ross Kerr and M. Woods (Canadian Eds.) Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing Practice (3rd ed). (Toronto: Mosby) [CD-ROM accompaniment to textbook]

Articles

Vandenberg, H. & Grypma, S. (in press).  In Retrospect: Historical lessons from Japanese home missions.  Journal of Christian Nursing [JCN]

Reimer-Kirkham, S., Grypma, S., & Terblanche, L. (2013).  Religion and ethics in pluralistic healthcare contexts. JCN Online Extra E1-E6.

Wytenbroek, L. & Grypma, S. (in press).  In Retrospect:  The challenge of international nursing, then & now. JCN, 30(1)

Grypma, S., Wolfs, D. & Reimer-Kirkham, S. (2012).  Returning home:  Historical influences on home health care in Canada.Home Healthcare Nurse, 30(8), 453-460

Grypma, S. & Wu, N. (2012).China confidential:  Methodological and ethical challenges in global nursing historiography  Nursing History Review, 20. 162-183

Grypma, S. (2012).  In Retrospect: Caring for strangers.  JCN, 29(4), 181

Grypma, S. (2012). In Retrospect: Regarding Mrs. Chase.  JCN,29(3), 12

Grypma, S. (2012). In Retrospect: The legacy of ordinary nurses. JCN29(2) 117

Grypma, S. (2012).  In Retrospect: Historically-informed nursing.JCN, 29(1) 12

Grypma, S. (2012).  Historically-informed nursing. Journal of Christian Nursing, 29(1) 12

Grypma, S. (2011).  A room of one’s own. Journal of Christian Nursing, 28(4) 236

Grypma, S. (2011).  China nurse Jean Ewen: Embracing and abandoning Communist revolutionaries. Journal of Historical Biography, 9, 37-68http://www.ufv.ca/jhb/Volume_9/Volume_9_TOC.pdf

Grypma, S. (2011). Reintroducing the pinning ceremony. Journal of Christian Nursing, 28 (3) 127

Grypma, S. (2011). The value of feisty students. Journal of Christian Nursing, 28 (2) 71

Grypma, S. (2011). Book review:  Caregiving on the periphery:  Historical perspectives on nursing and midwifery in Canada.Journal of Medicine and Allied Sciences. doi: 10.1093/jhmas/jrr012

Grypma, S. (2011). Media review: Cultures of health: a historical anthology. Nursing History Review, 19, 198-209

Grypma, S. (2011).  In Retrospect: (Re) searching for hidden treasure.  Journal of Christian Nursing, 28 (1) 8

Wytenbroek, L., & Grypma, S. (2011). Review essay: Nursing in Newfoundland.  Nursing History Review, 19, 214-6

Grypma, S. (2010).  When we were (almost) Chinese:  Identity and the internment of Canadian ‘mish-kid’ nurses in China, 1941-1945, 3(86).   Histoire sociale – Social History. 3(86), 315-344

Grypma, S. (2010). In Retrospect:  What ever happened to missionary nursing? Journal of Christian Nursing, 27 (4) 288

Grypma, S.  (2010). In retrospect:  Revis(it)ing nursing history (featured history column).  Journal of Christian Nursing, 27 (2) 16.

Grypma, S. (2009). Essential nursing values: Re-envisioning for the 21st century. Online Journal of Christian Nursing 1 (1), 1 – 11.

Grypma, S. (2009). Nursing in need of transformation: What are we searching for? Journal of Christian Nursing, 166 – 173.

Grypma, S. (2008). Book Review: Faculty of Nursing on the Move. Nursing History Review, 16, 258-9

Grypma, S. (2007). Withdrawal from Weihui: China Missions and the Silencing of Missionary Nursing, 1888 - 1947. Nursing Inquiry, 14 (4): 306 - 319

Grypma, S. (2007). Publish or Perish Revisited: Confessions of a New Academic. Nurse Author & Editor. (online) 17 (2)

Grypma, S. (2007). Book Review: Four Centuries of Canadian Nursing, Nursing History Review, 15, 190 - 191.

Kulig, J. & Grypma, S. (2006). Nursing History. Honouring Pioneer Aboriginal Nurses from the Blood Reserve. Alberta RN 62 (8): 14 - 16.

Grypma, S. (2006). Nightingale the Person - Not the Symbol. Part of Revisiting Nightingale: Differing Perspectives, a nine-page response by four authors to Grypma (2005) articles on Florence Nightingale's Changing Image. Journal of Christian Nursing, 23 (3): 32-33.

Grypma, S. (2006). Book Review: Florence Nightingale's Collected Works Volume 6 and 7, edited by Lynn McDonald. University of Toronto Quarterly, 75 (1) 304-305.

Grypma, S. (2005). Book Review: A Social History of Medicines in the Twentieth Century: To Be Taken Three Times a Day by John K. Crellin, 2004. Journal of Christian Nursing, 22 (4): 46 - 47.

Grypma, S. (2005). Critical Issues in the Use of the Biographic Method in Nursing History. Nursing History Review, 13. 171 - 187.

Grypma, S. (2005). Florence Nightingale's Changing Image, PART II: From Ministering Angel to Modern Mystic. Journal of Christian Nursing, 6 - 13.

Grypma, S. (2005). Florence Nightingale's Changing Image, PART I: Nightingale the Feminist, Statistician and Nurse. Journal of Christian Nursing, 22 - 28.

Grypma, S. (2005). The Flag Bearer. In J. K. Scott and J. E. Kieser's (Eds.) Northern Nurses II: More Nursing Adventures from Canada's North (Oakville, ON: Kokum Publications): 135-6.

Grypma, S. (2004). Neither Angels of Mercy nor Foreign Devils: Re-Visioning Canadian Missionary Nurses in China, 1935 - 1947. Nursing History Review 12, 97-119.

Grypma, S. (2004). James R. Menzies: Preaching and Healing in Early 20th-Century China. Canadian Medical Association Journal 170 (1), 84 - 5.

Grypma, S. (2004) Louise Clara Preston: Missionary Nurse to China, 1922 - 1947. Canadian Association for the History of Nursing Newsletter, 17 (1), 5.

Grypma, S. (2003). Profile of a Leader: Unearthing Ethel Johns's ‘Buried' Commitment to Racial Equality, 1925. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 16 (4), 39-47.

Grypma, S. & Jamison, S. (2003). Caring for Strangers: Nursing's Peculiar Legacy. Journal of Christian Nursing, 20 (3), 9 - 13.

Lavarato, L., Grypma, S., Spenceley, S., Hagen, B. & Nowatski, N. (2003). Positive Outcomes in Cardiac Rehabilitation. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 13 (3), 13 - 19.

Grypma, S. (2001). Addressing Overloaded Practices. Canadian Nurse, 97 (9), 8 - 9.

Grypma, S., & Taylor, S. (1999). Packing for the Journey: Character Traits for Transcultural Care. Journal of Christian Nursing, 16 (4), 13 - 16.

Grypma, S. (1993). Culture Shock. Canadian Nurse, 89 (8), 33 - 36.

Expertise

Dr. Grypma is a nurse historian whose scholarly interests relate especially to transnational nursing history in Canada, China and the USA. She has spoken and written extensively about nursing in international and intercultural settings and the intersection of faith and nursing.