Richard Sawatzky, PhD, RN

Professor of Nursing; Canada Research Chair in Person-Centred Outcomes; Sabbatical Fall 2023
Throughout my career as a registered nurse, researcher, and educator, I have been motivated by a desire to find ways of reorienting system-driven healthcare that focuses on what works for a majority of the populace, to person-centred healthcare that pays attention to those whose needs are not being met and that promotes greater agency to patients in identifying priorities for their own healthcare.

Sawatzky joined the TWU School of Nursing in 2001 and is additionally affiliated Professor at the prestigious Salgrenska Academy of the University of Gothenburg (Centre for Person-Centred Care),  head of the Patient-Reported Outcomes program at the Centre for Advancing Health Outcomes, and methodological advisor with the British Columbia Ministry of Health Office of Patient-Centred Measurement.

As Canada Research Chair in Person-Centred Outcomes, Sawatzky has become a leader in for person-centred outcomes measurement and quality of life assessments in healthcare, with a particular emphasis on people who are living with chronic life-limiting illnesses and their family caregivers. His research includes projects on:

  1. Methodological research to improve person-centred health outcomes measurement in diverse populations
  2. Mixed-methods clinical research on eHealth solutions to integrate quality of life assessments in healthcare for older adults and their family caregivers
  3. Knowledge synthesis and translation to support the use of person-centred outcome measures by patients, clinicians, and healthcare leaders.

Dr. Sawatzky’s clinical background is in palliative care and medical nursing care. He has taught undergraduate courses on nursing research, medical and surgical nursing, nursing care of older adults, and health assessment as well as graduate courses on knowledge synthesis and quantitative research methods in the Master of Science in Nursing program.

Sawatzky is on Sabbatical for the Fall 2023 Semester.
Find out more about research by Dr. Sawatzky and his team at, including links to introductory resources and videos on Patient-Reported Outcomes, quality of life assessments for older adults and family caregivers, and people living with kidney disease.


  • Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 2007) - Dissertation: The Measurement of Quality of Life and its Relationship with Perceived Health Status in Adolescents.
  • Master of Science in Nursing (University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 2002) - Thesis: A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Spirituality and Quality of life.
  • Bachelor of Science in Nursing (Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, Canada; 1999)


Sawatzky’s expertise lies in the practical, theoretical, and methodological foundations of health-related quality of life and patient-reported outcome assessments in healthcare services. Methods include quantitative analysis (psychometrics), mixed methods research, research synthesis, and knowledge translation.

Research Interests: Equitable people-centred health measurement and quality of life assessment, with a focus on people living with life-limiting illness and family caregivers.

Research Experience Summary: Current research includes: the integration and use of quality of life assessment tools in healthcare; validation of person-centred outcomes; methodological research on measuring person-centred outcomes over time; computerized adaptive testing of person-centred outcomes; health information systems; a palliative approach; spiritual and religious diversity in healthcare; and person-centred patient education.

Research Specialization Key Words: Patient-reported outcomes, health-related quality of life, palliative approach, measurement validity, psychometrics, knowledge synthesis, spirituality and health.

Research Centres: Centre for Advancing Health Outcomes – University of British Columbia & Providence Health Care; Institute on Aging & Lifelong Health – University of Victoria; Sahlgrenska Academy & Centre for Person-Centred Care – University of Gothenburg.


Led or co-led by Dr. Sawatzky (see CV for further details and other research projects).

  • Novel Methods for Equitable People-Centred Health Measurement. R. Sawatzky (principal investigator); L. Cuthbertson, L. Lix, M. Santana, A. Salmon, K. Schick-Makaroff, J. Valderas, S. Zelinsky, B. Zumbo (co-principal applicants).  M. Antonio, S. Clelland, K. Courtney, C. Falk, F. Fischer, A. Gadermann, C. Gibbons, M. Hawkins, J. Jackson, S. Klarenbach, J. Kopec, JY. Kwon, F. Lau, J. Liu, J. Öhlén, A. Pinto, P. Ratner, L. Russell, T. Sajobi, J. Valderas, A. Wolff, H. Wong (co-applicants). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $761,176. Partners: Cambian Business Services; BC Office of Patient-Centred Measurement. (2022/4 - 2026/3)

  • Social Determinants and Quality of Life Measurement Framework for Indigenous Digital Health Systems. R. Sawatzky (principal investigator); K. Rieger (co-principal investigator); Ayumi Sasaki, Kathleen Lounsbury, Monica Friesen (fellows). Funding provided through the Indigenous Digital Health Ecosystem (IDHE) - Digital Supercluster. (2022/9 - 2024/4)

  • Person-Centred e-Health Information System. R. Sawatzky (principal investigator). Funder: Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI), John R. Evans Leaders Fund, $ 169,795. (2018/6 – 2023/5)

  • Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on health outcomes and healthcare experiences as reported by frail older adults who are living at home, and their family caregivers. R. Sawatzky, K. Schick-Makaroff (principal investigators); B. Fominoff, C. Beach (principal knowledge users). Funder: BC Academic Health Science Network Society, COVID-19 Grant, $ 46,186. (2020/4 – 2021/3)

  • Including Patient Voice in Healthcare System Performance: Development of Patient-Centred Care Indicators. P. Lopez (M. Jose), H. Quan, & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); S. E. Brien, B. M. Lashewicz, K. H. Leeb, D. Lorenzetti, M. Lu, K. Manalili, M. O'Beirne, T. T. Sajobi, V. W. Yiu, & S. Zelinsky (co-investigators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $ 252,450 (2018/2 - 2021/2)

  • No one size fits all for measuring what matters: Supporting the use of PRO data in healthcare. R. Sawatzky, J-Y. Kwon (principal investigators); E. Stringham (Decision Maker). Funder: Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research Canadian Institutes of Health Research, REACH Grant, $ 15,000 (2019/9 - 2020/8)

  • Supporting Quality of Life Assessments of Frail Older Adults and their Family Caregivers. R. Sawatzky & K. Schick-Makaroff (principal investigators); R. Cohen, L. Cuthbertson, N. Hilliard, E. Laforest, J. Ohlen, L. Russell, K. Stajduhar, T. Stephen, L. Terblanche & A. Wolff (co-investigators); J. Carlson, S. Cory, J. Gerke, M. Karimi-Dehkordi, M. Kuo, M. Mancuso, B. MacLean, J. McLean & B. McLeod (collaborators); G. Cowman, J. Huang, M. Luk, & A. Maybee (patient collaborators); B. Forde, E. Stringham, & L. Zetes-Zanatta (decision makers); L. Chung, D. Duquette & T. Lepp (HQPs). Funder: Canadian Fraility Network, 2018 Catalyst Grant Competition, $99,937 (2018-2020)

  • Including Patient Voice in Healthcare System Performance: Development of Patient-Centred Care Indicators. P. Lopez (M. Jose), H. Quan, & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); S. E. Brien, B. M. Lashewicz, K. H. Leeb, D. Lorenzetti, M. Lu, K. Manalili, M. O'Beirne, T. T. Sajobi, V. W. Yiu, & S. Zelinsky (co-investigators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $ 252,450 (2018-2021)

  • Statistical Methods for Patient-Reported Outcome Measures. R. Sawatzky, & T.T. Sajobi (principal investigators); E.R. Bohm, S. Bryan, A.M. Gadermann, W. Hopman, J. Liu, L. Lix, N.E. Mayo, K.M. Sibley, & X. Wu (co-investigators); L.N. Cuthbertson, & G.K. Webster (knowledge users). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Operational Grant Program; $309,764. (2015-2018).

  • Electronic Patient-Reported Outcomes in Clinical Kidney Practice (ePRO Kidney). K. Schick-Makaroff & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); S. Klarenbach (principal knowledge user); R. Cohen, S. Palfreyman, & R. Pauly (co-investigators); L. Cuthbertson, J. MacRae, R. Quinn, F. Reintjes, & J. Wu (knowledge-users); B. Forde, L. Lee, F. Robles, G.Vitale, & J. Voth (collaborators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant; $424,298. (2016-2019).

  • Integrating a Quality of Life Assessment and Practice Support System in Homecare Services for Older Adults with Life-limiting Illness and Their Families. R. Sawatzky (principal investigator); R. Cohen, K. Schick-Makaroff, & K. Stajduhar (co-principal investigators); N. Hilliard (clinician lead/principal knowledge user); L. Zetes-Zanatta (decision maker/ principal knowledge user); Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, K. Fraser, A. Gadermann, E. Laforest, M. Parrilla Lopez, S. Reimer-Kirkham, P.A. Ratner, L. Russell, H. Tsang, M. Santana, & D. Whitehurst (co-investigators); T. Edwards, G. Ewing, G. Grande, & J. Öhlén (international collaborators); S. Baxter, S. Brown, J. Carlson, S. Cory, L. Cuthbertson, J. Gerke, B. McLeod, C. Paul, J. Resin, D. Roberts, C. Tayler, D. Williscroft, & J. Warneboldt (knowledge users). Partners: Fraser Health; Cambian Business Services, Inc; J. Voth & Intogrey Research and Development. This research is supported by: Geoff Cowman, CARP (Richmond/Delta.; Barb MacLean, Family Caregivers of British Columbia (; Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (; The Canadian Virtual Hospice; Mary Lok, Alies Maybee, & Catherine Yau (patient/family caregiver representatives). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Electronic Health Innovation Partnership Program; C$749,816. (2015-2019).

  • Impacts of a Palliative Approach for Nursing (iPANEL). K. I. Stadjuhar, & C. Tayler (co-principal investigators); R. Sawatzky, A. Syme, B. McLeod, B. Pesut, D. Roberts, G. Doane, M. Funk, … (co-investigators).  Funder:  Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, BCNRI Investigative Team; $940,307. (2010-2017). See:

Awards & Honors

  • Barer-Flood Prize in Health Services and Policy Research. Granting Council: CIHR. Recognizing and supporting research excellence among Canadian Senior-Career Investigators working within Health Services and Policy Research (2021)
  • Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Nursing (FCAN; 2020)
  • Centenary Medal of Distinction. Presented by the University of British Columbia, School of Nursing (2019)
  • Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in Person-Centred Outcomes (Title prior to 2017 – Patient-Reported Outcomes). Granting Council:  CIHR. (2013 – 2023)
  • Excellence in Advancing Nursing Knowledge and Research Award. Presented by the Association of Registered Nurses of British Columbia (2016)

Recent Publications

  • Sawatzky, R., Cohen, S. R. (2021). Quality of life assessment in palliative care.  In Bruera, E., Higginson, I., von Gunten, C.F., & Morita, T. (Eds.), Textbook of palliative medicine and supportive care (3rd ed.) (pp. 189-198). Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  • Sawatzky, R., Sajobi, T.T., Brahmbhatt, R., Chan, E.K.H., Lix, L.M. Zumbo, B.D. (2017). Longitudinal change in response processes: A response shift perspective. In Zumbo, B.D., Hubley, A.M. Understanding and investigating response processes in validation research. New York: Springer.

Most recent articles since 2021, excluding any articles most relevant to program of research, which are listed below.

  • Iyamu, I., Plottel, L., Snow, M.E., Zhang, W., Havaei, F., Puyat, J., Sawatzky, R., Salmon, A. (in press). Culture-change in long term care post COVID-19: adapting to a new reality using established ideas and systems. Canadian Journal on Aging/La revue canadienne du vieillissement.
  • Schick-Makaroff, K., Berendonk, C., Overwater, J., Streith, L., Lee, L., Escoto, M., Cukor, D., Klarenbach, S., Sawatzky, R. (2022). How are Albertans “adjusting to and coping with” dialysis? A cross-sectional survey. Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease, 9, 1-14 doi: 10.1177/20543581221118436.
  • Chow, R., Forde, B., Sawatzky, R., Patiño, A.G., Tran, K.C., Bittman, J., Khan, N.A. (2022). Digital health technology and hypertension management: a qualitative analysis of patient and specialist provider preferences on data tracking. Connected Health, 2022, 1, 72-84. doi: 10.20517/ch.2022.07
  • De Boer, M., Reimer-Kirkham, S., & Sawatzky, R. (2022). How nurses’ and physicians’ emotions, psychosocial factors, and professional roles influence the end-of-life decision making process: An interpretive description study. Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, 71, 103249 (8 pages). doi: 10.1016/j.iccn.2022.103249 
  • Schick-Makaroff, K., Levay, A., Thompson, S., Flynn, R., Sawatzky, R., Thummapol, O., Klarenbach, S., Karimi-Dehkordi, M., Greenhalgh, J. (2022). An evidence-based theory about PRO use in kidney care: A realist synthesis. The Patient: Patient-Centred Outcomes Research (PTTA), 15(1), 21-38. doi: 10.1007/s40271-021-00530-2.
  • Feldthusen, Forsgren, E., Wallström, S., Andersson, V., Löfqvist, N., Sawatzky, R., Öhlén, J., & J. Ung, E. (2022). Centredness in health care: A systematic overview of reviews. Health Expectations: an International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy, 25(3), 885–901. doi: 10.1111/hex.13461
  • Bansback, N., Trenaman, L., Mulhern, B., Norman, R., Metcalfe, R., Sawatzky, R., Brazier, J., Rowen, D., Whitehurst, D. (2022). Estimation of a Canadian preference-based scoring algorithm for the Veterans RAND 12-item Health Survey (VR-12): a population survey using a discrete choice experiment. CMAJ Open, 10(3), E589-E598. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20210113.
  • Wilson, R., Cuthbertson, L., Kazis, L.E., Sawatzky, R. (2022). Measuring Health Status in Long-Term Residential Care: Adapting the Veterans RAND 12 Item Health Survey (VR-12©). Clinical Gerontologist, 45(3), 562-574. doi: 10.1080/07317115.2020.1752347
  • Poureslami, I., Kopec, J., Tregobov, N., Shum, J., Sawatzky, R., Hohn, R., & FitzGerald, J. M. (2021). An integrated framework to conceptualize and develop the vancouver airways health literacy tool (VAHLT). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(16), 8646. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18168646
  • Gelfand, A., Sou, J., Sawatzky, R., Prescott, K., Pearce, A., Anis, AH., Lee, C., Zhang, W. (2021). Valuation of Lost Productivity in Caregivers: A Validation Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 727871, (10 pages). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.727871.
  • Zhan, D., Xu, L., Ouyang, Y., Sawatzky, R., Wong, H. (2021). Methods for dealing with unequal cluster sizes in cluster randomized trials: A scoping review. PLOS ONE, 16(7), e0255389, (23 pages). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0255389
  • Trenaman, L., Bryan, S., Cuthbertson, L., Sawatzky, R., Stacey, D., & Bansback, N. (2021). An economic valuation technique identified different inpatient care experience as priorities for older Canadians than a traditional approach. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 139, 68-79. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2021.06.023
  • Sajobi, T.T., Josephson, C.B., Sawatzky, R., Wang, M., Lawal, O., Patten, S.B., Lix, L.M., Wiebe, S. (2021). Quality of Life in Epilepsy: Same questions, but different meaning to different people. Epilepsia (Copenhagen), 62(9), 2094-2102. doi: 10.1111/epi.17012
  • Kwon, J.Y.,Sawatzky, R., Baumbusch, J., Lauck, S., Ratner, P.A. (2021). Growth mixture models: A case example of the longitudinal analysis of patient-reported outcomes data captured by a clinical registry. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 21(1), 79-89. doi: 10.1186/s12874-021-01276-z
  • Kwon, J.Y., Sawatzky, R., Baumbusch, J., Ratner, P.A. (2021). Patient-reported outcomes and the identification of subgroups of atrial fibrillation patients: A retrospective cohort study of linked clinical registry and administrative data.  Quality of Life Research, 30(6), 1547-1559. doi: 10.1007/s11136-021-02777-6
  • Chakrabarty T., Torres I.J., Su W.W., Sawatzky R., Keramatian K., Yatham L.N. (2021). Cognitive subgroups in first episode bipolar I disorder: Relation to clinical and brain volumetric variables. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica, 143(2), 151-161. doi: 10.1111/acps.13245
  • Sawatzky, R., Roberts, D., Russell, L., Bitschy, A., Ho, S., Desbiens, J-F., Chan, E., Tayler, C., Stajduhar, K. (2021). Self-Perceived Competence of Nurses and Care Aides Providing a Palliative Approach in Home, Hospital, and Residential Care Settings: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 53(1), 64-77. doi: 10.1177/0844562119881043

Subjective Health Measurement in Diverse Populations

  • Sajobi, Lix, L. M., Russell, L., Schulz, D., Liu, J., Zumbo, B. D., & Sawatzky, R. (online first – June 18, 2022). Accuracy of mixture item response theory models for identifying sample heterogeneity in patient-reported outcomes: a simulation study. Quality of Life Research. doi: 10.1007/s11136-022-03169-0
  • Wallström, S., Sutherland, J.M., Kopec, J.A., Anis, A.H., Sawatzky, R. (2022). Distinguishing symptom patterns in adults newly diagnosed with cancer: a latent class analysis. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 64(2), 146-155. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2022.04.172
  • Sawatzky, R., Chan, E. K. H., Zumbo, B. D., Ahmed, S., Bartlett, S. J., Bingham, C., . . . Lix, L. M. (2017). Montreal Accord on Patient-Reported Outcomes (PROs) use series–Paper 7: Modern perspectives of measurement validation emphasize justification of inferences based on patient reported outcome scores. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 89, 154-159. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.12.002  
  • Sawatzky, R., Russell, L. B., Sajobi. T. T., Lix. L. M., Kopec, J. A., & Zumbo, B. D., (2017). The use of latent variable mixture models to identify invariant items in test construction. Quality of Life Research, 27(7), 1745-1755. doi: 10.1007/s11136-017-1680-8
  • Wu, X., Sawatzky, R., Hopman, W., Mayo, N., Sajobi, T. T., Liu, J., Prior, J., Papaioannou, A., Josse, R. G., Towheed, T., Davison, K. S., & Lix, L. M. (2017). Latent variable mixture models to test for differential item functioning: A population-based analysis. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 15(1), 102-114.  doi: 10.1186/s12955-017-0674-0.
  • Öhlén, J., Russell, L. B., Håkanson, C., Alvariza, A., Fürst, C. J., Årestedt, K., & Sawatzky, R. (2017). Variations in care quality outcomes of dying people: Latent class analysis of an adult national register population. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 51(1), 13-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.08.006
  • Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P. A., Kopec, J. A., Wu, A. D., & Zumbo, B. D. (2016). The accuracy of computerized adaptive testing in heterogeneous populations: A mixture item-response theory analysis. PLOS One, 11(3), e0150563. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150563
  • Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P. A., Kopec, J. A., & Zumbo, B. D. (2012). Latent variable mixture models: A promising approach for the validation of patient reported outcomes. Quality of Life Research, 21(4), 637-650. doi: 10.1007/s11136-011-9976-6.

Capacity-Building in Person-Centred Health Measurement Methods

  • Kwon, J.Y., Russell, L., Coles, T., Klaassen, R.J., Schick-Makaroff, K., Sibley, K.M., Mitchell, S.A., Sawatzky, R. (2022). Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement in Radiation Oncology: Interpretation of Individual Scores and Change over Time in Clinical Practice. Current Oncology, 29(5), 3093–3103. doi: 10.3390/curroncol29050251
  •  Sawatzky, R., Kwon, J.Y., Barclay, R., Chauhan, C., Frank, L., van den Hout, W., Nielson, L.K., Nolte, S., Sprangers, M. (2021). Implications of response shift for micro, meso, and macro healthcare decision-making using results of patient-reported outcome measures. Quality of Life Research, 30(12), 3343-3357. doi: 10.1007/s11136-021-02766-9
  • Sébille, V., Lix, L. M., Ayilara, O. F., Sajobi, T. T., Janssens, A Cecile J W, Sawatzky, R., Sprangers, M. A. G., Verdam, M. G. E., Response Shift – in Sync Working Group, & the Response Shift – in Sync Working Group. (2021). Critical examination of current response shift methods and proposal for advancing new methods. Quality of Life Research, 30(12), 3325-3342.  doi: 10.1007/s11136-020-02755-4.
  • Sajobi, T. T., Brahmbatt, R., Lix, L. M., Zumbo, B. D., & Sawatzky, R. (2017). Scoping review of response shift methods: Current reporting practices and recommendations. Quality of Life Research, 27(5), 1133-1146. doi: 10.1007/s11136-017-1751-x

Design and Integration of a Quality of Life and Practice Support System (QPSS)

  • Schick-Makaroff, K., Sawatzky, R., Cuthbertson, L., Öhlén, J., Beemer, A., Duquette, D., Karimi-Dehkordi, M., Stajduhar, K., Suryaprakash, N., Terblanche, L., Wolff, A., Cohen, SR. (2022). Knowledge translation resources to support the use of quality of life assessment tools for the care of older adults living at home and their family caregivers. Quality of Life Research, 31(6), 1727–1747. doi: 10.1007/s11136-021-03011-z.
  • Schick-Makaroff, K., Sawatzky, R., & QPSS Research Team. (2020). Divergent perspectives on the use of the Edmonton symptom assessment system (revised) in palliative care. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 22(1), 75-81. doi:10.1097/NJH.0000000000000617
  • Krawczyk, M., Sawatzky, R., Schick-Makaroff, K., Stajduhar, K., Öhlen, J., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Laforest, E., & Cohen, S. R. (2019). Micro-meso-macro practice tensions in using patient-reported outcome and experience measures in hospital palliative care. Journal of Qualitative Health Research, 29(4), 510-521. doi: 10.1177/1049732318761366
  • Krawczyk, M. & Sawatzky, R. (2019). Relational use of an electronic quality of life and practice support system in hospital palliative consult care. Palliative and Supportive Care, 17(2), 208-213. doi: 10.1017/S1478951518000020
  • Sawatzky, R., Laforest, E., Schick Makaroff, K., Stajduhar, K., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Krawczyk, M., Öhlén, J., McLeod, B., Hilliard, N., Tayler, C., Cohen, SR. (2018). Design and introduction of a quality of life assessment and practice support system: Perspectives from palliative care settings. Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes, 2, 36. doi: 10.1186/s41687-018-0065-2

Person-Centredness in Health Care for Adults with Life-Limiting Conditions

  • Andersson, V., Sawatzky, R., & Öhlén, J. (2022). Relating person‐centredness to quality‐of‐life assessments and patient‐reported outcomes in healthcare: A critical theoretical discussion. Nursing Philosophy, 23(3), e12391 (10 pages). doi: 10.1111/nup.12391
  • Santana, M.J., Manalili, K., Zelinsky, S., Brien, S., Gibbons, E., King, J., Frank, L., Wallström, S., Fairie, P., Leeb, K., Quan, H., Sawatzky, R. (2020). Improving the quality of person-centred healthcare from the patient perspective: Development of person-centred quality indicators. BMJ Open, 10(10), e037323-e037323.  doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037323
  • Öhlén, J., Sawatzky, R., Pettersson, M.R., Sarenmalm, E.K., Håkanson, C., Smith, F., Wallengren, C., Friberg, F., Kodeda K., Carlsson, E. (2019). Preparedness for colorectal cancer surgery and recovery through a person-centred information and communication intervention – a quasi-experimental longitudinal design. PLoS ONE, 14(12), e0225816.  doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225816
  • van Balen, E.C., Krawczyk, M., Gue, D., Jackson, S., Gouw, S., van der Bom, J.G., Sawatzky, R. (2019). Patient-centred care in haemophilia: patient perspectives on visualization and participation in decision-making. Haemophilia, 25(6), 938-945. doi: 10.1111/hae.13830
  • Sawatzky, R., Roberts, D., Russell, L., Bitschy, A., Ho, S., Desbiens, J-F., Chan, E., Tayler, C., Stajduhar, K. (2019). Self-Perceived Competence of Nurses and Care Aides Providing a Palliative Approach in Home, Hospital, and Residential Care Settings: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 2019, 1-14.  doi: 10.1177/0844562119881043
  • Sawatzky, R., Porterfield, P., Roberts, D., Lee, J., Liang, L., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Pesut, B., Schalkwyk, T., Stajduhar, K., Tayler, C., Baumbusch, J., & Thorne, S. (2017). Embedding a palliative approach in nursing care delivery: An integrated knowledge synthesis. Advances in Nursing Science, 40(3), 263–279. doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000163\
  • Sawatzky, R., Russell, L., Friberg, F., Pettersson, M., & Öhlén, J. (2017). Longitudinal person-centered measurement: A psychometric evaluation of the Preparedness for Colorectal Cancer Surgery Questionnaire (PCSQ). Patient Education and Counselling, 100(5), 827-835. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2016.11.010
  • Öhlén, J., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Astle, B., Håkanson, C., Lee, J., Eriksson, M., & Sawatzky, R. (2017). Person-centred care dialectics – Inquired in the context of palliative care. Nursing Philosophy, 18(4), e12177. doi: 10.1111/nup.12177
  • Sawatzky, R., Porterfield, P., Lee, J., Dixon, D., Lounsbury, K., Pesut, B., Roberts, D., Tayler, C., Voth, J., & Stajduhar, K. (2016). Conceptual foundations of a palliative approach: A knowledge synthesis. BMC Palliative Care, 15, 5.  doi: 10.1186/s1290401600769

Validity Evidence of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)

  • Kwon, J.Y., Cuthbertson, L., Sawatzky, R. (Online First – August 30, 2022). The use of generic patient-reported outcome measures in emergency department surveys: Discriminant validity evidence for the VR-12 and the EQ-5D. Value in Health. doi: 10.1016/j.jval.2022.07.016
  • Schick-Makaroff, K., Karimi-Dehkordi, M., Cuthbertson, L., Dixon, D., Cohen, S.R., Hilliard, N., Sawatzky, R. (2021). Using patient- and family-reported outcome and experience measures to inform continuity across transitions of care for frail older adults living at home: A meta-narrative synthesis. The Gerontologist, 61(3), e23-e38. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnz162.
  • Ahmed, S., Barbera, L., Bartlett, S. J., Bebb, G. D., Brundage, M., Sawatzky, R., …Temple, W. (2020). A catalyst for transforming health systems and person-centred care: Canadian national position statement on patient-reported outcomes. Current Oncology (Toronto), 27(2), 90-99. doi:10.3747/co.27.6399
  • Wilson, R., Cuthbertson, L., Kazis, L.E., Sawatzky, R. (2020). Measuring Health Status in Long-Term Residential Care: Adapting the Veterans RAND 12 Item Health Survey (VR-12©). Clinical Gerontologist, 1-13.  doi:10.1080/07317115.2020.1752347
  • Kwon, J. Y., Thorne, S., & Sawatzky, R. (2019). Interpretation and use of patient-reported outcome measures through a philosophical lens. Quality of Life Research, 28(3), 629-636. doi: 10.1007/s11136-018-2051-9
  • Cohen, S.R., Russell, L.B., Leis, A., Shahidi, J., Porterfield, P., Kuhl, D.R., Gadermann, A.M., & Sawatzky, R. (2019). More comprehensively measuring quality of life in life-threatening illness: The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire – Expanded. BMC Palliative Care, 18(92), 1-11.  doi: 10.1186/s12904-019-0473 -y
  • Cohen, S. R., Sawatzky, R., Russell, L. B., Shahidi, J., Heyland, D. K., & Gadermann, A. M. (2017). Measuring the quality of life of people at the end of life: The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire - Revised (MQOL-R). Palliative Medicine, 31(2), 120-129. doi: 10.1177/0269216316659603
  • Bryan, S., Davis, J., Broesch, J., Doyle-Waters, M. M., Lewis, S., McGrail, K., McGregor, M. J., Murphy, J. M., & Sawatzky, R. (2014). Choosing your partner for the PROM: A review of evidence on patient-reported outcome measures for use in primary and community care. Healthcare Policy, 10(2), 38-51. doi: 10.12927/hcpol.2015.24035

    Affiliations & Memberships

    • Scientific Advisor, British Columbia Ministry of Health, Office of Patient-Centred Measurement, Vancouver, BC (2020 – current)

    • Affiliate Professor, University of Gothenburg, Salgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden (2018 – current)

    • Program Head in Patient-Reported Outcomes, University of British Columbia – Centre for Advancing Health Outcomes, Vancouver, BC (2017 – current)

    • Research Affiliate, University of Victoria – Institute on Aging and Lifelong Health, Victoria, BC (2016 – current)

    Courses taught to date

    • NURS 116    Health Assessment
    • NURS 245    Nursing Care of Older Adults 
    • NURS 332    Nursing Research
    • NURS 482    Consolidation of Nursing Practice 
    • NURS 520    Knowledge synthesis
    • NURS 540    Nursing Inquiry II (quantitative methods)
    • NURS 692    Knowledge Translation

    Courses teaching currently

    • NURS 540    Nursing Inquiry II (quantitative methods)
    • NURS 692    Knowledge Translation