Canada Research Chair in Patient Reported Outcomes, Associate Professor of Nursing
Office
Neufeld Science Centre, Langley/BC
Phone
+1 (604) 513-2121 ext. 3274
Fax:
+1 (604) 513-2012

Department(s) or Program(s)

Biography

My research focuses on methods of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and quality of life measurement, and the intersections of spirituality, religiosity, culture, and other sources of diversity in various healthcare contexts, including those for people with chronic life-limiting conditions. I have particular interest in examining the implications of population heterogeneity with respect to individuals’ self-reports about their health status and quality of life. My current research includes studies about a palliative approach in nursing, the use of computerized assessment systems, methods for the measurement of quality of life in longitudinal studies, spiritual and religious diversity in healthcare, educational approaches for patients with colorectal cancer, and patients' experiences with knee surgery. My clinical background is in palliative care and medical nursing care. I have been part of the School of Nursing faculty at TWU since 2002 and have taught in undergraduate courses on nursing research, medical and surgical nursing, nursing care of older adults, and health assessment. I teach courses on knowledge synthesis and quantitative research methods in the master of science in nursing program.

Citations in Google Scholar | Citations in PubMed | ResearchGate Profile | ResearcherID

Research & Scholarship

Current research activities 

  • Development and Validation of a Patient-reported Measure of Compassionate Care. S. Sinclair, T. Hack, R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); H. Chochinov, N. Hagen, D. Heyland, S. McClement, M. Krawczyk, C. Puchalski, S.R Bouchal, L. Russell, L. Selman, K. Stajduhar, & G. Thompson (co-investigators); D. Barwich, S. Baxter, S. Cory, D. Dudgeon, L. Embleton, H. Forbes, E. Garland, M. Harlos, L. Lechelt, C. Leget, P. Quail, & A. Sinnarajah (knowledge-users); P. Singh (trainee); M. Doucet, M. Jajszczok, G. Kimel, M. Patton, & B. Wheler (collaborators).  Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $638,356. (2016-2020).

  • Electronic Patient-reported Outcomes in Clinical Kidney Practice (ePRO Kidney). K. Schick-Makaroff & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); S. Klarenbach (principal knowledge user); R. Cohen, S. Palfreyman, & R. Pauly (co-investigators); L. Cuthbertson, J. MacRae, R. Quinn, F. Reintjes, & J. Wu (knowledge-users); B. Forde, L. Lee, F. Robles, G.Vitale, & J. Voth (collaborators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $424,298. (2016-2019).

  • Integrated approach to palliative care in acute care (iPAC-AC). K. Stajduhar (project leader & principal investigator). N. Hilliard & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators). G. Doane, D. Roberts, S. Reimer-Kirkham, L. Matheson, & C. Meyerman (co-investigators). P. Roy & N. Wikjord (HQPs). Funder: Canadian Frailty Network, Catalyst Grant, $100,000. (2016-2017).

  • A meta-narrative review of patient- and family-reported experience and outcome measures across transitions of care for frail seniors living at home. R. Sawatzky & Schick-Makaroff (principal investigators). L. Cuthbertson (principal knowledge user). Bryan, D. Dixon, A. Gadermann, L.B. Russell, K. Stajduhar, G. Wong (co-investigators). N. Hilliard, K. Leeb, M. Mancuso, M. McGregor, C. Tayler. Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Knowledge Synthesis Grant, $100,000 (2015-2017).

  • Integrating a quality of life assessment and practice support system in homecare services for older adults with life-limiting illness and their families. R. Sawatzky (principal investigator); R. Cohen, K. Schick-Makaroff, K. Stajduhar (co-principal investigators); N. Hilliard (clinician lead/principal knowledge user); L. Zetes-Zanatta (decision maker/ principal knowledge user); Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, K. Fraser, A. Gadermann, E. Laforest, M. Parrilla Lopez, S. Reimer-Kirkham, P.A. Ratner, L. Russell, H. Tsang, M. Santana, D. Whitehurst (co-investigators); T. Edwards, G. Ewing, G. Grande, J. Öhlén (international collaborators); S. Baxter, S. Brown, J. Carlson, S. Cory, L. Cuthbertson, J. Gerke, B. McLeod, C. Paul, J. Resin, D. Roberts, C. Tayler, D. Williscroft, J. Warneboldt (knowledge users). Partners: Fraser Health; Cambian Business Services, Inc;  J. Voth & Intogrey Research and Development. This research is supported by: Geoff Cowman, CARP (Richmond/Delta. www.carp.ca); Barb MacLean, Family Caregivers of British Columbia (www.familycaregiversbc.ca); Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (www.chpca.net); The Canadian Virtual Hospice www.virtualhospice.ca); Mary Lok, Alies Maybee, Catherine Yau (patient/family caregiver representatives). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Electronic Health Innovation Partnership Program; C$735,140. 2015 –2019.

  • Statistical Methods for Patient-Reported Outcome Measures. Principal investigators: R. Sawatzky, T.T. Sajobi. Co-investigators: E.R. Bohm, S. Bryan, A.M. Gadermann, W. Hopman, J. Liu, L. Lix, N.E. Mayo, K.M. Sibley, X. Wu. Knowledge users: L.N. Cuthbertson, G.K. Webster. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Operational Grant Program; $309,764. 2015 –2018

  • Development and Validation of Canadian Health Literacy Measurement Tool For Chronic. Disease Management. Principal investigators: J.M. Fitzgerald, J.A. Kopec. Co-investigators: S.D. Aaron, C. Bergeron, L-P. Boulet, Louis-Philippe, J. Bourbeau, R.S. Goldstein, S. Gupta, N.A. Khan, D.D. Marciniuk, L.E. Nimmon, I.M. Poureslami, I. Rootman, R. Sawatzky, W. Tan. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Operational Grant Program; $803,004. 2015 –2020.

  • Integrating a Quality of Life Assessment and Practice Support System in Palliative Homecare. R. Sawatzky (PI) & R. Cohen (PI); K. Stajduhar (co-PI); C. Taylor (knowledge user co-PI); Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, A. Gadermann, P.A. Ratner, S. Reimer Kirkham, K. Schick-Makaroff, H. Tsang, M. Santana (co-investigators); G. Ewing, G. Grande, J. Öhlén, T. Edwards (international collaborators); S. Baxter, C. Beveridge, S. Cory, M. Johnson, H. Lee, B McLeod, J. Warneboldt. (Knowledge users); E. Laforest, S. Wang (TVN trainees). Funder: Technology Evaluation for the Elderly, Catalyst Program; $99,983. This research is in partnership with: J. Voth & Intogrey Research and Development; The Canadian Virtual Hospice (www.virtualhospice.ca); Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (www.chpca.net). 2015 –2016.

  • Improving the Quality of Life of Family Caregivers at the End of Life: The Caregiver Support Needs Assessment Intervention. K. Stajduhar (Nominated PI), R. Sawatzky (PI), R. Cohen, L. Funk, K. Votova, G. Grande, G. Ewing, S. Aoun, C. Toye, C. Wilkinson. Funders: Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute (CCSRI); $99,907 per annum ($299, 722 total) and Technology Evaluation in the Elderly Network, Core Research Program; $200,000 per annum ($600,000 total). 2014 – 2017.

  • Person centred communication and information for colorectal cancer patients from diagnosis to the recovery following surgery: Development of a clinical team oriented intervention model. J. Öhlén (PI), F. Friberg, E. Carlsson, G. Carlsson, H. Rystedt, L. Hydén, S. Määttä, R. Sawatzky, R. Kokkinakis, & M. Forsberg. University of Gothenburg, Centre for Person-Centred Care (2011/03-2017/02).

  • Integration of a Palliative Approach for Nursing. K. I. Stadjuhar (Co-PI), C. Tayler (Co-PI), R. Sawatzky and 12 other co-investigators. Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, BCNRI Investigative Team, (12/2010-11/2017, $940,307). See: http://www.ipanel.ca 

  • Integrated approach to palliative care in acute care (iPAC-AC). K. Stajduhar (project leader & principal investigator). N. Hilliard & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators). G. Doane, D. Roberts, S. Reimer-Kirkham, L. Matheson, & C. Meyerman (co-investigators). P. Roy & N. Wikjord (HQPs). Funder: Canadian Frailty Network, Catalyst Grant, $100,000.
  • A meta-narrative review of patient- and family-reported experience and outcome measures across transitions of care for frail seniors living at home.
    R. Sawatzky & Schick-Makaroff (principal investigators). L. Cuthbertson (principal knowledge user). Bryan, D. Dixon, A. Gadermann, L.B. Russell, K. Stajduhar, G. Wong (co-investigators). N. Hilliard, K. Leeb, M. Mancuso, M. McGregor, C. Tayler. Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Knowledge Synthesis Grant, $100,000

  • Integrating a quality of life assessment and practice support system in homecare services for older adults with life-limiting illness and their families.
    R. Sawatzky (principal investigator); R. Cohen, K. Schick-Makaroff, K. Stajduhar (co-principal investigators); N. Hilliard (clinician lead/principal knowledge user); L. Zetes-Zanatta (decision maker/ principal knowledge user); Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, K. Fraser, A. Gadermann, E. Laforest, M. Parrilla Lopez, S. Reimer-Kirkham, P.A. Ratner, L. Russell, H. Tsang, M. Santana, D. Whitehurst (co-investigators); T. Edwards, G. Ewing, G. Grande, J. Öhlén (international collaborators); S. Baxter, S. Brown, J. Carlson, S. Cory, L. Cuthbertson, J. Gerke, B. McLeod, C. Paul, J. Resin, D. Roberts, C. Tayler, D. Williscroft, J. Warneboldt (knowledge users); J. Haskins, M. Kundert (collaborators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Electronic Health Innovation Partnership Program; C$735,140. Partners: Fraser Health; Cambian Business Services, Inc;  J. Voth & Intogrey Research and Development. This research is supported by: Geoff Cowman, CARP (Richmond/Delta. www.carp.ca); Barb MacLean, Family Caregivers of British Columbia (www.familycaregiversbc.ca); Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (www.chpca.net); The Canadian Virtual Hospice www.virtualhospice.ca); Mary Lok, Alies Maybee, Catherine Yau (patient/family caregiver representatives). 2015 –2019.

  • Statistical Methods for Patient-Reported Outcome Measures.
    Principal investigators: R. Sawatzky, T.T. Sajobi. Co-investigators: E.R. Bohm, S. Bryan, A.M. Gadermann, W. Hopman, J. Liu, L. Lix, N.E. Mayo, K.M. Sibley, X. Wu. Knowledge users: L.N. Cuthbertson, G.K. Webster. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Operational Grant Program; $309,764. 2015 –2018
     
  • Development and Validation of Canadian Health Literacy Measurement Tool For Chronic. Disease Management.
    Principal investigators: J.M. Fitzgerald, J.A. Kopec. Co-investigators: S.D. Aaron, C. Bergeron, L-P. Boulet, Louis-Philippe, J. Bourbeau, R.S. Goldstein, S. Gupta, N.A. Khan, D.D. Marciniuk, L.E. Nimmon, I.M. Poureslami, I. Rootman, R. Sawatzky, W. Tan. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Operational Grant Program; $803,004. 2015 –2020
     
  • Integrating a Quality of Life Assessment and Practice Support System in Palliative Homecare.
    R. Sawatzky (PI) & R. Cohen (PI); K. Stajduhar (co-PI); C. Taylor (knowledge user co-PI); Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, A. Gadermann, P.A. Ratner, S. Reimer Kirkham, K. Schick-Makaroff, H. Tsang, M. Santana (co-investigators); G. Ewing, G. Grande, J. Öhlén, T. Edwards (international collaborators); S. Baxter, C. Beveridge, S. Cory, M. Johnson, H. Lee, B McLeod, J. Warneboldt. (Knowledge users); E. Laforest, S. Wang (TVN trainees). Funder: Technology Evaluation for the Elderly, Catalyst Program; $99,983. This research is in partnership with: J. Voth & Intogrey Research and Development; The Canadian Virtual Hospice (www.virtualhospice.ca); Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (www.chpca.net). 2015 –2016
     
  • Development of a Framework for International Partnership on Palliative Care Research and a Graduate Course.
    J. Öhlén (PI), R. Sawatzky, K. Årestedt, S. Reimer-Kirkham. The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education. ($150,000 Swedish Krona). 2014 – 2015.
     
  • Integrating Quality of Life Assessments into Acute Care for Older Adults with Chronic Life-limiting Illness.
    R. Sawatzky (PI) & R. Cohen (PI), K. Stajduhar, K. (Co-PI), Schick-Markaroff, A. Gadermann, K. Arestedt, J. Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, D. Heyland, N. Kogan, S. Lauck, J. Ohlen, S. Reimer Kirkham, H. Tsang (Co-Investigators), G. King, E. LaForest, J. Lett, C. Neufeld, K. Schick Makaroff, J. Voth (TVN Trainees). Technology Evaluation for the Elderly, Catalyst Program; $99,856 (TWU: $90,916; Jewish General Hospital: $8,940). 2014 –2015
     
  • Improving the Quality of Life of Family Caregivers of Cancer Patients at the End of Life: The Caregiver Support Needs Assessment Intervention.
    K. Stajduhar (Nominated PI), R. Sawatzky (PI), R. Cohen, L. Funk, K. Votova, G. Grande, G. Ewing, S. Aoun, C. Toye, C. Wilkinson. Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute (CCSRI); $99,907 per annum ($299, 722 total). 2014 – 2017
     
  • Improving the Quality of Life of Family Caregivers at the End of Life: The Caregiver Support Needs Assessment Intervention.
    K. Stajduhar (Nominated PI), R. Sawatzky (PI), R. Cohen, L. Funk, K. Votova, G. Grande, G. Ewing, S. Aoun, C. Toye, C. Wilkinson, B. MacLean. Technology Evaluation in the Elderly Network, Core Research Program; $200,000 per annum ($600,000 total). 2014 – 2017
     
  • Patient- and family-reported experience and outcome measures for elderly acute care patients: A knowledge synthesis.
    R. Sawatzky (PI), A. Gadermann, D. Dixon, K.S. Makaroff, K. Stajduhar, R. Cohen, S. Bryan (Co-Investigators), C. Tayler (Principal Knowledge User), D. Roberts, J. Lett, L.Cuthbertson, M. McGregor, N. Hilliard (Co-Knowledge Users). Technology Evaluation in the Elderly Network; $49,972 total. 2013 – 2014 Summary
        
  • Developing and Implementing a Patient Reported Outcome Evaluation Platform in Canada: Potential Benefits and Challenges.
    S. Ahmed & S. Bartlett (PI’s), P.A. Ratner & R. Sawatzky (Co-applicants); $23,620 total. 2013 – 2014
     
  • Why are so many patients dissatisfied with knee replacement surgery? Exploring variations of the patient experience.
    R. Mehin (Co-PI), S. Bryan (Co-PI), J. Davis, L.J. Goldsmith, R. Sawatzky, & M. Wasdell. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (2011-2014, $339.600).
     
  • Person centred communication and information for colorectal cancer patients from diagnosis to the recovery following surgery: Development of a clinical team oriented intervention model.
    J. Öhlén (PI), F. Friberg, E. Carlsson, G. Carlsson, H. Rystedt, L. Hydén, S. Määttä, R. Sawatzky, R. Kokkinakis, & M. Forsberg. University of Gothenburg, Centre for Person-Centred Care (2011/03-2014/02, SEK 4 225 000).
     
  • Integration of a Palliative Approach for Nursing.
    K. I. Stadjuhar (Co-PI), C. Tayler (Co-PI), R. Sawatzky and 12 other co-investigators. Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (12/2010-11/2014, $800,000). See: http://www.ipanel.ca 

    Completed research activities 

  • A mixed methods knowledge synthesis about nursing care delivery and practice supports for a palliative approach.
    R. Sawatzky (Researcher Co-Leader), P. Porterfield (Practitioner Co-Leader), K. Stajduhar, J. Baumbusch, B. Pesut, S. Reimer-Kirkham, D. Roberts, C. Tayler, T. Schalkwyk, & S. Thorne. Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, British Columbia Nursing Research Initiative (2012-2014, $125,000 per annum).
     
  • Patient-reported outcome measurement in the context of primary health care reform: A systematic review and expedited knowledge synthesis.
    S. Bryan (PI), J. Davis, S. Lewis, K. McGrail, M. McGregor, R. Sawatzky (co-investigator), & M. Dawes. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Evidence on Tap: Expedited Knowledge Synthesis (2012-2013, $100,000).
     
  • The analysis of patient-reported outcome measures: Statistical methods for response shift (PROM-RS).
    L. Lix (PI), R. Sawatzky (co-investigator), N. Mayo, & R. T. Sajobi. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Saskatchewan Regional Partnership Program (2012-2014, $139,432)
     
  • Palliative Care without Borders: Rural Integrated Palliative Approach Team.
    Pesut, B. (PI), Hooper, B., Robinson, C., Bottorff, J., Sawatzky, R., Clarke, W., Lehbauer, S., Nutinii, T., Nielsen, B., Jacobsen, M. Peter Wall Foundation. (2012/02-2014/02, $220,000).
     
  • A mixed methods knowledge synthesis of a palliative approach.
    Stajduhar (co-PI), Sawatzky (co-PI) & team. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (2011-2012, $100,000).
     
  • Developing seamless cardiac care for rural populations.
    Pesut (Co-PI), C. Laberge (Co-PI), R. Sawatzky(Co-investigator). Institute for Healthy Living and Chronic Disease Prevention (04/2011-03/2012, $10,000).
     
  • The Analysis of Longitudinal Health-Related Quality of Life Data: Statistical Methods for Response Shift.
    L. Lix (PI), N. Mayo, T. Sajobi, J. Liu, R. Sawatzky. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (04/2010-03/2012, $200.000).
     
  • Patient-reported health outcomes. Addressing biases in computerized adaptive assessment systems.
    R. Sawatzky (PI), P.A. Ratner, B.D. Zumbo, J.A. Kopec, A. Wu. Trinity Western University Internal Grant (12/2009-09/2011, $2,000).
     
  • Considering Place: Religious, Spiritual and Cultural Plurality in Home Health Care.
    S. Reimer Kirkham (PI), S. Grypma, B. Pesut, R. Sawatzky, & S. Sharma. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (04/2009-03/2012, $139,440).
     
  • Ongoing research: Validating a computerized adaptive test to evaluate the impact of joint problems on quality of life.
    R. Sawatzky, J.A. Kopec, P.A. Ratner, and B.D. Zumbo (University of British Columbia). Post-doctoral funding for this research was provided by: Canadian Arthritis Network (09/2008-09/2009, $25,000); Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (09/2008-09/2009, $17,000 + $4,000); Arthritis Research Centre of Canada (09/2008-09/2009, $21,655).
    This research contributes to the development of a computerized system to obtain information from patients about the impact of arthritis on health outcomes (including daily activities, walking ability, handling objects, pain or discomfort, and emotional well-being) that are relevant to their quality of life. Further information about this project is available a
    http://net.arthritisresearch.ca/oapublic/about/projects/proj17.htm
    http://www.msfhr.org/who_we_fund/archive/2008/RichardSawatzky
  • Ongoing research: An analysis of the media discourse related to cannabis use.
    J. Johnson (PI), M.L. Young, P.A. Ratner, R. Sawatzky, R. Haines, L. Greaves, J.A. Shoveler, A. Ostry, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, $100,000. 
     
  • The negotiation of religious plurality in health care services.
    Reimer-Kirkham (PI), H. Meyerhoff, B. Pesut, R. Sawatzky (collaborator). Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, $63,341.
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the negotiation of religious plurality in health care settings, and the social, cultural, historical, economic, and political contexts that shape these social dynamics.
     
  • The use of innovative clinical placements in nursing education: A national survey.
    Reimer Kirkham, C. Hoe Harwood, L. R. Terblanche, R. Sawatzky. Western Region Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing, Nursing Education Research Grant, $2,500. Click here for further information about this project. 
     
  • Toward an explanation of observed ethnic differences in youths' tobacco use.
    The purpose of this study is to examine whether the difference in our observed smoking rates of Asian and white youth could be accounted for by demographic (gender, employment status, parental education, and income) and social factors including differences in youths' relationships with their parents, immigration status (born in Canada), and environmental smoking characteristics such as exposure to peers or parents that smoke. This study is completed incollaboration with Dr. Ratner and Dr. Johnson at the University of British Columbia School of Nursing.
     
  • A Meta-anaysis of the relationship between spirituality and quality of life.
    Masters thesis on spirituality and quality of life
    Slides on Spirituality and Quality of Life
     
  • Examining the relationships between health outcomes and quality of life in adults with and without chronic conditions.
    R. Sawatzky & P.A. Ratner. Project approved by Statistical Canada for use of Canadian Community Health Survey (cycle 2.1) data).
     
  • Examining the relationship between spirituality and quality of life in adolescents.
    R. Sawatzky, A. Gaderman and B. Pesut.
     
  • Examining the relationship between quality of life and perceived health status in adolescents.
    This research was completed in partial fulfillment of the degree of doctor of science in philosophy at the school of nursing of the University of British Columbia and was funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, and the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research.
    Click here for related publications and presentations.
    full text of dissertation  dissertation slides

Education

Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (2007)
University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Dissertation: The Measurement of Quality of Life and its Relationship with Perceived Health Status in Adolescents.

Master of Science in Nursing (2002)
University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Thesis: A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Spirituality and Quality of life

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (1999)
Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, Canada

Awards & Honors

  • 2016: Excellence in Advancing Nursing Knowledge and Research Award. Presented by the Association of Registered Nurses of British Columbia.

  • 2009: Applied Research in Quality of Life (ARQOLS) Best Paper Award 2009 for: Sawatzky, R., Gadermann, A., Pesut, B. (2009).

  • Applied Research in Quality of Life (ARQOLS) Best Paper Award 2009 for: Sawatzky, R., Gadermann, A., Pesut, B. (2009). An investigation of the relationships between spirituality, health status and quality of life in adolescents. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 4, 5-22. Presented by the International Society for Quality of Life Studies & Springer Publishers, December, 2010.
  • New Investigator Award for an oral presentation entitled "Latent class factor analysis of SF-36 physical function indicates lack of invariance of discrimination and difficulty parameters", International Society of Quality of Life Research, October 25, 2008.
  • Postdoctoral Fellowship, "Validating a Computer Adaptive Test for the Measurement of Health Outcomes in Adults with Musculoskeletal Disorders", Arthritis Research Center, Canada, Effective: 09/2008-09/2009, $15,000.
  • Postdoctoral Fellowship, "Validating a Computer Adaptive Test for the Measurement of Health Outcomes in Adults with Musculoskeletal Disorders", Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, Canada, Effective: 09/2008-09/2009, $10,000 (plus $7,000 incentive stipend and $4,000 research and travel allowance).
  • Postdoctoral Fellowship Award. "Validating a Computer Adaptive Test for the Measurement of Health Outcomes Relevant to Arthritis", Canadian Arthritis Network, Effective: 09/2008-09/2009, $25,000.
  • Student Award for a poster entitled "The Mediating Effect of Physical Activity on Chronic Disease and Health Outcomes in Older Adults", International Society of Quality of Life Research, October 14, 2006.
  • Flora S Musgrave Scholarship in Nursing, University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Canada, Effective: 08/24/2006, $1,000.
  • Ethel Johns and Isabel Maitland Stewart Memorial Scholarship, University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Canada, Effective: 09/2005, $2,900.
  • Doctoral Award - Canadian Nurses Foundation, Canada, Effective: 06/2005-06/2006, $3,000.
  • Canada Graduate Scholarships Doctoral Awards, Canadian Institute for Health Research, Canada, Effective: 09/2004-09/2007, $35,000 per annum.
  • Senior Graduate Studentship Award - Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, Canada, Effective: 09/2004-09/2007, $7,000 per annum.
  • Margaret A Campbell Scholarship, University of British Columbia, School of Graduate Studies, Canada, Effective: 09/2003, $2,400.
  • Graduate Entrance Scholarship, University of British Columbia, School of Graduate Studies, Canada, Effective: 09/2003, $3,600.
  • Katherine McMillan Director's Discretionary Fund, University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Canada, Effective: 05/2002, Ending: 05/2003, Spirituality and Quality of Life Research, $2,000.
  • Outstanding Graduate Thesis Award, University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Canada, $500, April 2002.
  • Academic Excellence Award, Trinity Western University, Nursing Department, Canada, April 1999.

Recent Publications

Selected publications (past 5 years)

Books

Fowler, M., Reimer-Kirham, S., Sawatzky, R. & Johnston-Taylor, E. (eds.). (2012). Religion, religious ethics, and nursing. New York: Springer.

Book Chapters

Sawatzky, R., Sajobi, T.T., Brahmbhatt, R., Chan, E.K.H., Lix, L.M. Zumbo, B.D. (2017). Longitudinal change in response processes: A response shift perspective. In Zumbo, B.D., Hubley, A.M. Understanding and investigating response processes in validation research. New York: Springer.

Cohen, S.R., & Sawatzky, R. (2015). Quality of life assessment in palliative care.  In Bruera, E., Higginson, I., von Gunten, C.F., & Morita, T. (Eds.), Textbook of palliative medicine and supportive care (2nd ed.) (pp. 361-370). Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Articles

Öhlén, J., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Astle, B., Håkanson, C., Lee, J., Eriksson, M., Sawatzky, R. (Accepted: March 15, 2017). Person-centred care dialectics – Inquired in the context of palliative care. Nursing Philosophy. (in press). doi: 10.1111/nup.12177

Goldsmith, L.J., Suryaprakash, N., Randall, E., Shum, J., MacDonald, V., Sawatzky, R., Hejazi, S., Davis, J.C., McAllister, P., Bryan, S. (2017). The importance of informational, clinical and personal support in patient experience with total knee replacement: A qualitative investigation. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 18, 127. doi: 10.1186/s12891-017-1474-8

Gadermann, A.M., Sawatzky, R., Palepu, A., Hubley, A.M., Zumbo, B.D., Aubry, T., Farrell, S., Hwang, S.W. (2016). Minimal impact of response shift for SF-12 mental and physical health status in homeless and vulnerably housed individuals: An item-level multi-group analysis. Quality of Life research, online first. doi:10.1007/s11136-016-1464-6

Sawatzky, R., *Russell, L., Friberg, F., Pettersson, M., Öhlén, J. (2016). Longitudinal person-centered measurement: A psychometric evaluation of the Preparedness for Colorectal Cancer Surgery Questionnaire (PCSQ). Education and Counseling, online first. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2016.11.010

Sinclair, S., *Russell, L.B., Hack, T., Kondejewski, J., **Sawatzky. R. (2016). Measuring Compassion in Healthcare: A comprehensive and critical review. The Patient, online first. doi:10.1007/s40271-016-0209-5.

Sawatzky, R., Porterfield, P., Roberts, D., *Lee, J., Liang, L., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Pesut, B., Schalkwyk, T., Stajduhar, K., Tayler, C., Baumbusch, J., Thorne, S. (2016). Embedding a palliative approach in nursing care delivery: An integrated knowledge synthesis. Advances in Nursing Science, online first. doi:10.1097/ANS.0000000000000163

Öhlén, J., *Russell, L.B., Håkanson, C., Alvariza, A., Fürst, C.J., Årestedt, K., **Sawatzky, R. (2017). Variations in care quality outcomes of dying people: Latent class analysis of an adult national register population. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 51(1), 13-24. doi:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.08.006

Carlsson, E., Pettersson, M., Öhlén, J., Sawatzky, R., Smith, F., Friberg, F. (2016). Development and validation of The Preparedness for Colorectal Cancer Surgery Questionnaire: PCSQ-pre 24. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 25, 24-32. doi:10.1016/j.ejon.2016.09.002

Cohen, S.R., **Sawatzky, R., *Russell, L.B., Shahidi, J., Heyland, D.K., & Gadermann, A.M. (2017). Measuring the quality of life of people at the end of life: The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire - Revised (MQOL-R). Palliative Medicine, 31(2), 120-129. doi:10.1177/0269216316659603

*Ventura, F., **Sawatzky, R., Öhlén, J., Karlsson, P., & Koinberg, I. (2016). Challenges of evaluating a computer-based educational programme for women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer: A randomised controlled trial. European Journal of Cancer Care, online first. doi:10.1111/ecc.12534

Holroyd-Leduc, J., Resin, J., Ashley, L., Barwich, D., Elliott, J., Huras, P., Légaré, F., Mahoney, M.K., Maybee, A., McNeil, H., Pullman, D., Sawatzky, R., Stolee, P., & Muscedere, J. (2016). Giving voice to older adults living with frailty and their family caregivers: Engagement in research, health care decision making, and in health policy. Research Involvement and Engagement, (2)1, 1-19. doi:10.1186/s40900-016-0038-7

Sawatzky, R., *Chan, E.K.H., Zumbo, B.D., Ahmed, S., Bartlett, S.J., Bingham, C., Gardner, W., Jutai, J., Kuspinar, A., Sajobi, T., & Lix, L.M. (2016). Modern perspectives of measurement validation emphasize justification of inferences based on patient reported outcome scores. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, online first. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.12.002  

*Ventura, F., Koinberg, I., Karlsson, P., Sawatzky, R., & Öhlén, J. (2016). Purposeful agency in support seeking during cancer treatment from a person-centered perspective. Global Qualitative Research, 3, 1-16. doi: 10.1177/2333393616630672

Reimer-Kirkham, S., Terblanche, L., Sawatzky, R., & Hoe Eriksen. (2016). Host agency perspectives on facilitating community-based clinical experiences for nursing students. Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière, 2(1), article 3. doi: 10.17483/2368-6669.1048

Reimer-Kirkham, S., **Sawatzky, R., Roberts, D., Cochrane, M., & Stajduhar, K. (2016). "Close to" a palliative approach: A qualitative study of nurses’ and nursing assistants’ descriptions of caring for people with advancing chronic life-limiting conditions. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25, 2189-2199. doi:10.1111/jocn.13256

Lix, L. M., Wu, X., Hopman, W., Mayo, N., Sajobi, T. T., Liu, J., . . . & **Sawatzky, R. (2016). Differential item functioning in the SF-36 physical functioning and mental health sub-scales: A population-based investigation in the Canadian multi-centre osteoporosis study. PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0151519. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151519

Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P.A., Kopec, J.A., Wu, A.D., & Zumbo, B.D. (2016). The accuracy of computerized adaptive testing in heterogeneous populations: A mixture item-response theory analysis. PLOS One, 11(3): e0150563. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150563

Sawatzky, R., Porterfield, P., Lee, J., Dixon, D., *Lounsbury, K., Pesut, B., Roberts, D., Tayler, C., Voth, J., & Stajduhar, K. (2016). Conceptual foundations of a palliative approach: A knowledge synthesis. BMC Palliative Care, 15(5). doi: 10.1186/s1290401600769

Thorne, S., Roberts, D., & Sawatzky, R. (2016). Unravelling the tensions between chronic disease management and end-of-life planning. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 30(2), 91-103. doi: 10.1891/1541-6577.30.2.91

*Ventura, F., Koinberg, I., Sawatzky, R., Karlsson P., & Öhlén, J. (2016). Exploring the person-centeredness of an innovative e-supportive system aimed at person-centered care: A prototype evaluation of the care expert. Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 34(5), 231-239. doi: 10.1097/CIN.0000000000000225

Lix, L.M., *Chan, E.K.H., Sawatzky, R., Sajobi, T.T., Liu, J., Hopman, W., & Mayo, M. (2016). Response shift and disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease. Quality of Life Research, 25(7), 1751-1760. doi: 10.1007/s11136-015-1188-z

Andreae, C., Strömberg, A., Sawatzky, R., & Årestedt, K. (2015). Psychometric evaluation of two appetite questionnaires in patients with heart failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 21(12), 954-958. doi:10.1016/j.cardfail.2015.10.006

*Lauck, S.B., **Sawatzky, R., Johnson, J.L., Humphries, K.H., Bennett, M.T., Chakrabarti, S., Kerr, C.R., Tung, S., Yeung-Lai-Wah, J.A., & Ratner, P.A. (2015). Sex is associated with differences in individual trajectories of change in social health status after implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Circulation, 8, 21-30. doi: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.114.001607

Pesut, B., Hooper, B., Robinson, C., Bottorff, J., Sawatzky, R., & Dalhuisen, M. (2015). Planning and implementation strategy for a rural palliative supportive service. Rural and Remote Health, 15, 3116, published online May 4, 2015.

http://www.rrh.org.au/articles/subviewnew.asp?ArticleID=3116

Pesut, B., Potter, G., Stajduhar, K., Sawatzky, R., McLeod, B., & Drabot, K. (2015). Palliative approach education for rural nurses and health care workers: A mixed-method study. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 21 (3), 142-151. doi: 10.12968/ijpn.2015.21.3.142

Bryan, S., Davis, J., Broesch, J., Doyle-Waters, M.M., Lewis, S., McGrail, K., McGregor, M.J., Murphy, J.M., & **Sawatzky, R. (2014). Choosing your partner for the PROM: A review of evidence on patient-reported outcome measures for use in primary and community care. Healthcare Policy, 10(2), 38-51. doi: 10.12927/hcpol.2015.24035

Henoch, I., **Sawatzky, R., Falk, H., Fridh, I., Ung, E.J., Sarenmalm, E.K., Ozanne, A., Öhlén, J., & Falk, K. (2014). Symptom distress profile in hospitalised patients in Sweden: A point prevalence study. Research in Nursing and Health, 37(6), 512-523. doi: 10.1002/nur.21624

Ahmed, S., **Sawatzky, R., Levesque, J.F., Ehrmann-Feldman, D., & Schwartz, C.E. (2014). Minimal evidence of response in the absence of a catalyst. Quality of Life Research, 23(9), 2421-2430. doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0699-3.

Pesut, B., **Sawatzky, R., Stajduhar, K. I., McLeod, B., Erbacker, L., & Chan, E. K. (2014). Educating nurses for palliative care: A scoping review. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing16(1), 47-54. doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000021

Haines-Saah, R. J., Johnson, J. L., Repta, R., Ostry, A., Young, M. L., Shoveller, J., Sawatzky, R., Greaves, L., & Ratner, P. A. (2014). The privileged normalization of marijuana use–an analysis of Canadian newspaper reporting, 1997–2007.Critical Public Health24(1), 47-61. doi: 10.1080/09581596.2013.771812

Smith, F., Carlsson, E., Kokkinakis, D., Forsberg, M., Kodeda, K., Sawatzky, R., Friberg, F., & Ohlén, J. (2014). Readability, suitability and comprehensibility in patient education materials for Swedish patients with colorectal cancer undergoing elective surgery: A mixed method design. Patient education and counseling. 94(2), 202-209. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2013.10.009

Thorne, S., & **Sawatzky, R. (2014). Particularizing the general: Sustaining theoretical integrity in the context of an evidence-based practice agenda. Advances in Nursing Science37(1), 5-18. doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000011

Pesut, B., Hooper, B., Sawatzky, R., Robinson, C. A., Bottorff, J. L., & Dalhuisen, M. (2013). Program assessment framework for a rural palliative support service. Palliative Care: Research and Treatment, 7, 7-17. doi: 10.4137/PCRT.S11908

Schwartz, C. E., Ahmed, S., Sawatzky, R., Sajobi, T., Mayo, N., Finkelstein, J., Lix, L., Verdam, M.G.E., Oort, F.J. & Sprangers, M. A. (2013). Guidelines for secondary analysis in search of response shift. Quality of Life Research22(10), 2663-2673. doi: 10.1007/s11136-013-0402-0

Voth, J., **Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P.A., Young, M.L., Repta, R., Haines-Saah, R., & Johnson, J.L. (2013). A computer-assisted approach to filtering large numbers of documents for media analyses. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 16(1), 13-30. doi: 10.1080/13645579.2011.645700

Reimer-Kirkham, S., Pesut, B., Sawatzky, R., Cochrane, M., & Redmond, A. (2012). Discourses of spirituality and leadership in nursing:  A mixed-methods analysis.  Journal of Nursing Management, 20(8), 1029-1038. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2012.01480.x

Lix, L.M., Tolulope, T., Sawatzky, R., Liu, J., Mayo, N.E., Huang, Y., Graff, L.A., Walker, J.R., Ediger, J., Clara, I., Sexton, K., Carr, R., & Bernstein, C.N. (2013). Relative importance measures for reprioritization response shift, Quality of Life Research, 22(3), 695-703. doi: 10.1007/s11136-012-0198-3

Pesut, B., Laberge, C., Sawatzky, R., Mallinson, J., & Rush, K. (2013). Understanding the landscape: Promoting health for rural individuals after tertiary level cardiac revascularization. Journal of Rural Health 29(1), 88-96. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2012.00427.x

Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P.A., Richardson, C.G., Washburn, C., Sudmant, W., & Mirwaldt, P. (2012). Stress and depression in students: The mediating role of stress-management self-efficacy. Nursing Research, 61(1), 13-21. doi: 10.1097/NNR.0b013e31823b1440.

Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P. A., Kopec, J. A., & Zumbo, B.D. (2012). Latent variable mixture models: A promising approach for the validation of patient reported outcomes. Quality of Life Research, 21(4), 637-650. doi: 10.1007/s11136-011-9976-6.

Reports

Sawatzky, R., Chan, E.C.K., Bryan, S., Cohen, R., Cuthbertson, L., Dixon, D., Lett, J., Gadermann, A., Hilliard, N., McGregor, M., Roberts, D., Schick-Makaroff, K., Stajduhar, K., & Tayler, C. (2015). Patient- and family-reported experience and outcome measures for use in acute care: A knowledge synthesis. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1412721

Sawatzky, R., Roberts, D., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Tayler, C., Stajduhar, K.I., & the iPANEL team (2014). Integration of a palliative approach in home, acute medical, and residential care settings: Findings from a province-wide survey. figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1455949

Workshops and Online Webinars

Sawatzky, R. Research to Practice Webinar Series. (2017, Mar 21). Giving voice to older people and family caregivers: A tablet-based tool to enhance person-centred palliative care. The North Okanagan Hospice Society (NOHS) together with the UBC Okanagan Institute for Healthy Living and Chronic Disease Prevention (IHLCDP). Available from: http://ubc-okanagan.adobeconnect.com/p4ycz1b54je

Sawatzky, R., & Schick-Makaroff, K. (2017, Mar 8). Partnership-based research on patient-reported outcomes in clinical practice. Lunch and Learn Series, Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uGm_ITGpRHk&t=4s

Sawatzky, R., & Russell, L. (2016, Apr 26-27).  An applied introduction to latent variable measurement and structural equation modelling. Two-day workshop offered at George and Fay Yee Centre for Health Care Innovation, University of Manitoba, Canada.

Sawatzky, R., & Schick-Makaroff, K. (2016, Apr).  An electronic Quality-of-life and Practice Support System (QPSS) for person-centered older adult care. Available from http://www.cfn-nce.ca/news-and-events-overview/news-and-events/webinars/an-electronic-quality-of-life-and-practice-support-system-(qpss)-for-person-centered-older-adult-care/

Sawatzky, R., Sajobi, T.T., & Brahmbhatt, R. (2016, Jan).  Response shift: A review of the literature. Webinar presented at International Society for Quality of Life Research.  Available from http://www.isoqol.org/education-events/online-education/archived-webinars

Sawatzky, R., & McLeod, B. (2015, Oct). Integrating a Quality-of-life and Practice Support System (QPSS) in palliative home care. Available from http://www.ipanel.ca/publications-presentations/webinars/archived/341-integratin-qol-assessments-acute-care

Sawatzky, R., & Chan, E. (2015, Jul).  Patient and family reported experience and outcome measures for elderly, acute care patients. Available from http://www.cfn-nce.ca/news-and-events-overview/news-and-events/webinars/patient-and-family-reported-experience-and-outcome-measures-for-elderly,-acute-care-patients-june-8,-2015/

Sawatzky, R., Porterfield, P., & Lee, J. A. (2014, Sept).  Knowledge synthesis on a palliative approach. Available from https://youtu.be/SRqZt7e9TGg

Sawatzky, R., & Roberts, D. (2013, Mar).  Integration of a palliative approach in hospital, residential, and homecare nursing: Results of a province-wide survey. Available from http://ipanel.ca/publications-presentations/webinars/archived/207-provincial-survey-results

Bryan, B., Sawatzky, R., & Korabek, B. (2013, May). Patient reported health outcomes measurement: An essential foundation for patient-centered health care delivery. Webinar presented at the IHSPR Policy Rounds, CIHR.  Available from http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/46848.html

Affiliations & Memberships

  • Research Scientist, Centre for Health Evaluation & Outcome Sciences (www.cheos.ubc.ca)
  • Affiliate Associate Professor, University of British Columbia, School of Education, Measurement Evaluation and Research Methodology Program
  • Adjusting Associate Professor, University of Victoria, School of Nursing
  • Elected Member of the Board of Directors, International Society for Quality of Life Research (www.isoqol.org).

Expertise

patient reported outcomes assessment, quality of life, spirituality in nursing and health care, psychometrics, item response theory, and computerized adaptive testing

Courses Taught

  • Nursing Inquiry II (quantitative methods) (N540)
  • Knowledge synthesis (N520)
  • Consolidation of Nursing Practice (N482)
  • Nursing Research (N332)
  • Nursing Care of Older Adults (N245)
  • Health Assessment (N116)