Professor of Nursing; Canada Research Chair in Person-Centred Outcomes
Office
Neufeld Science Centre, Langley/BC
Phone
+1 (604) 513-2121 ext. 3274
Fax:
+1 (604) 513-2012
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Department(s) or Program(s)

Biography

Throughout my career as a registered nurse, researcher, and educator, I have been motivated by a desire to find ways of reorienting system-driven healthcare that focuses on what works for a majority of the populace, to person-centred healthcare that pays attention to those whose needs are not being met and that promotes greater agency to patients in identifying priorities for their own healthcare.

Sawatzky joined the TWU School of Nursing in 2001 and is additionally affiliated Professor at the prestigious Salgrenska Academy of the University of Gothenburg (Centre for Person-Centred Care),  head of the Patient-Reported Outcomes program at the Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences (CHEOS), lead in Patient-Centred Measurement Methods with the British Columbia Support for People and Patient-Oriented Research and Trials Unit, and methodological advisor with the British Columbia Ministry of Health Office of Patient-Centred Measurement.

As Canada Research Chair in Person-Centred Outcomes, Sawatzky has become a leader in for person-centred outcomes measurement and quality of life assessments in healthcare, with a particular emphasis on people who are living with chronic life-limiting illnesses and their family caregivers. His research includes projects on:

  1. Methodological research to improve person-centred health outcomes measurement in diverse populations
  2. Mixed-methods clinical research on eHealth solutions to integrate quality of life assessments in healthcare for older adults and their family caregivers
  3. Knowledge synthesis and translation to support the use of person-centred outcome measures by patients, clinicians, and healthcare leaders.

Dr. Sawatzky’s clinical background is in palliative care and medical nursing care. He has taught undergraduate courses on nursing research, medical and surgical nursing, nursing care of older adults, and health assessment as well as graduate courses on knowledge synthesis and quantitative research methods in the Master of Science in Nursing program.


Find out more about research by Dr. Sawatzky and his team at www.HealthyQOL.com, including links to introductory resources and videos on Patient-Reported Outcomes, quality of life assessments for older adults and family caregivers, and people living with kidney disease.

CITATIONS IN GOOGLE SCHOLAR | CITATIONS IN PUBMED | RESEARCHGATE PROFILE RESEARCHERID

Research & Scholarship

CITATIONS IN GOOGLE SCHOLAR | CITATIONS IN PUBMED | RESEARCHGATE PROFILE | RESEARCHERID

FUNDED research

Led or co-led by Dr. Sawatzky (see CV for further details and other research projects).

  • Person-Centred e-Health Information System. R. Sawatzky (principal investigator). Funder: Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI), John R. Evans Leaders Fund, $ 169,795. (2018/6 – 2023/5)
  • Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on health outcomes and healthcare experiences as reported by frail older adults who are living at home, and their family caregivers. R. Sawatzky, K. Schick-Makaroff (principal investigators); B. Fominoff, C. Beach (principal knowledge users). Funder: BC Academic Health Science Network Society, COVID-19 Grant, $ 46,186. (2020/4 – 2021/3)
  • Including Patient Voice in Healthcare System Performance: Development of Patient-Centred Care Indicators. P. Lopez (M. Jose), H. Quan, & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); S. E. Brien, B. M. Lashewicz, K. H. Leeb, D. Lorenzetti, M. Lu, K. Manalili, M. O'Beirne, T. T. Sajobi, V. W. Yiu, & S. Zelinsky (co-investigators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $ 252,450 (2018/2 - 2021/2)
  • No one size fits all for measuring what matters: Supporting the use of PRO data in healthcare. R. Sawatzky, J-Y. Kwon (principal investigators); E. Stringham (Decision Maker). Funder: Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research Canadian Institutes of Health Research, REACH Grant, $ 15,000 (2019/9 - 2020/8)
  • Supporting Quality of Life Assessments of Frail Older Adults and their Family Caregivers. R. Sawatzky & K. Schick-Makaroff (principal investigators); R. Cohen, L. Cuthbertson, N. Hilliard, E. Laforest, J. Ohlen, L. Russell, K. Stajduhar, T. Stephen, L. Terblanche & A. Wolff (co-investigators); J. Carlson, S. Cory, J. Gerke, M. Karimi-Dehkordi, M. Kuo, M. Mancuso, B. MacLean, J. McLean & B. McLeod (collaborators); G. Cowman, J. Huang, M. Luk, & A. Maybee (patient collaborators); B. Forde, E. Stringham, & L. Zetes-Zanatta (decision makers); L. Chung, D. Duquette & T. Lepp (HQPs). Funder: Canadian Fraility Network, 2018 Catalyst Grant Competition, $99,937 (2018-2020)
  • Including Patient Voice in Healthcare System Performance: Development of Patient-Centred Care Indicators. P. Lopez (M. Jose), H. Quan, & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); S. E. Brien, B. M. Lashewicz, K. H. Leeb, D. Lorenzetti, M. Lu, K. Manalili, M. O'Beirne, T. T. Sajobi, V. W. Yiu, & S. Zelinsky (co-investigators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant, $ 252,450 (2018-2021)
  • Statistical Methods for Patient-Reported Outcome Measures. R. Sawatzky, & T.T. Sajobi (principal investigators); E.R. Bohm, S. Bryan, A.M. Gadermann, W. Hopman, J. Liu, L. Lix, N.E. Mayo, K.M. Sibley, & X. Wu (co-investigators); L.N. Cuthbertson, & G.K. Webster (knowledge users). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Operational Grant Program; $309,764. (2015-2018).
  • Electronic Patient-Reported Outcomes in Clinical Kidney Practice (ePRO Kidney). K. Schick-Makaroff & R. Sawatzky (principal investigators); S. Klarenbach (principal knowledge user); R. Cohen, S. Palfreyman, & R. Pauly (co-investigators); L. Cuthbertson, J. MacRae, R. Quinn, F. Reintjes, & J. Wu (knowledge-users); B. Forde, L. Lee, F. Robles, G.Vitale, & J. Voth (collaborators). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant; $424,298. (2016-2019).
  • Integrating a Quality of Life Assessment and Practice Support System in Homecare Services for Older Adults with Life-limiting Illness and Their Families. R. Sawatzky (principal investigator); R. Cohen, K. Schick-Makaroff, & K. Stajduhar (co-principal investigators); N. Hilliard (clinician lead/principal knowledge user); L. Zetes-Zanatta (decision maker/ principal knowledge user); Bottorff, S. Bryan, P. Dodek, K. Fraser, A. Gadermann, E. Laforest, M. Parrilla Lopez, S. Reimer-Kirkham, P.A. Ratner, L. Russell, H. Tsang, M. Santana, & D. Whitehurst (co-investigators); T. Edwards, G. Ewing, G. Grande, & J. Öhlén (international collaborators); S. Baxter, S. Brown, J. Carlson, S. Cory, L. Cuthbertson, J. Gerke, B. McLeod, C. Paul, J. Resin, D. Roberts, C. Tayler, D. Williscroft, & J. Warneboldt (knowledge users). Partners: Fraser Health; Cambian Business Services, Inc; J. Voth & Intogrey Research and Development. This research is supported by: Geoff Cowman, CARP (Richmond/Delta. www.carp.ca); Barb MacLean, Family Caregivers of British Columbia (www.familycaregiversbc.ca); Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (www.chpca.net); The Canadian Virtual Hospice www.virtualhospice.ca); Mary Lok, Alies Maybee, & Catherine Yau (patient/family caregiver representatives). Funder: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Electronic Health Innovation Partnership Program; C$749,816. (2015-2019).
  • Impacts of a Palliative Approach for Nursing (iPANEL). K. I. Stadjuhar, & C. Tayler (co-principal investigators); R. Sawatzky, A. Syme, B. McLeod, B. Pesut, D. Roberts, G. Doane, M. Funk, … (co-investigators).  Funder:  Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, BCNRI Investigative Team; $940,307. (2010-2017). See: http://www.ipanel.ca

Education

Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (2007)
University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Dissertation: The Measurement of Quality of Life and its Relationship with Perceived Health Status in Adolescents.

Master of Science in Nursing (2002)
University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Thesis: A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Spirituality and Quality of life

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (1999)
Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, Canada

Awards & Honors

  • 2020: Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Nursing (FCAN)
  • 2019: Centenary Medal of Distinction. Presented by the University of British Columbia, School of Nursing.
  • 2013 – Current: Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in Person-Centred Outcomes (Title prior to 2017 – Patient-Reported Outcomes). Granting Council:  CIHR. 
  • 2016: Excellence in Advancing Nursing Knowledge and Research Award. Presented by the Association of Registered Nurses of British Columbia.

Recent Publications

Please see journal publications listed in the following: GOOGLE SCHOLAR | PUBMED | RESEARCHGATE | RESEARCHERID

BOOK CHAPTERs

  1. Sawatzky, R., Cohen, S. R. (2021). Quality of life assessment in palliative care.  In Bruera, E., Higginson, I., von Gunten, C.F., & Morita, T. (Eds.), Textbook of palliative medicine and supportive care (3rd ed.) (pp. 189-198). Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  2. Sawatzky, R., Sajobi, T.T., Brahmbhatt, R., Chan, E.K.H., Lix, L.M. Zumbo, B.D. (2017). Longitudinal change in response processes: A response shift perspective. In Zumbo, B.D., Hubley, A.M. Understanding and investigating response processes in validation research. New York: Springer.
  3. Sawatzky, R., & Ratner, P. A. (2014). Medline.  In A. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of well-being quality of life (pp. 3975-3981). Dordrecht: Springer.
  4. Thorne, S., & Sawatzky, R. (2014). Nursing. In A. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of well-being and quality of life (pp. 4399-4402). Dordrecht: Springer.

ARTICLES RECENTLY PUBLISHED

  1. Schick-Makaroff, K., Levay, A., Thompson, S., Flynn, R., Sawatzky, R., Thummapol, O., Klarenbach, S., Karimi-Dehkordi, M., Greenhalgh, J. (accepted – May 5, 2021). An evidence-based theory about PRO use in kidney care: A realist synthesis. The Patient: Patient-Centred Outcomes Research (PTTA).
  2. Kwon, J.Y., Sawatzky, R., Baumbusch, J., Lauck, S., Ratner, P.A. (accepted – April 9, 2021). Growth mixture models: A case example of the longitudinal analysis of patient-reported outcomes data captured by a clinical registry. BMC Medical Research Methodology.
  3. Sawatzky, R., Kwon, J.Y., Barclay, R., Chauhan, C., Frank, L., van den Hout, W., Nielson, L.K., Nolte, S., Sprangers, M. (2021). Implications of response shift for micro, meso, and macro healthcare decision-making using results of patient-reported outcome measures. Quality of Life Research, 2021, 1-15. doi: 10.1007/s11136-021-02766-9
  4. Sébille, V., Lix, L. M., Ayilara, O. F., Sajobi, T. T., Janssens, A Cecile J W, Sawatzky, R., Sprangers, M. A. G., Verdam, M. G. E., Response Shift – in Sync Working Group, & the Response Shift – in Sync Working Group. (2021). Critical examination of current response shift methods and proposal for advancing new methods. Quality of Life Research, doi:10.1007/s11136-020-02755-4
  5. Kwon, J.Y., Sawatzky, R., Baumbusch, J., Ratner, P.A. (online – February 12, 2021). Patient-reported outcomes and the identification of subgroups of atrial fibrillation patients: A retrospective cohort study of linked clinical registry and administrative data.  Quality of Life Research, 2021, 1-13. doi: 10.1007/s11136-021-02777-6
  6. Chakrabarty T., Torres I.J., Su W.W., Sawatzky R., Keramatian K., Yatham L.N. (2021). Cognitive subgroups in first episode bipolar I disorder: Relation to clinical and brain volumetric variables. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica, 143 (2), 151-161. doi:10.1111/acps.13245
  7. Sprangers, M., Sajobi, T., Vanier, A., Mayo, N., Sawatzky, R., Lix, L., Oort, F., Sebille, V. (2021). Response shift in results of patient-reported outcome measures: A commentary to the Response Shift - in Sync Working Group Initiative. Quality of Life Research, 2021, 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s11136-020-02747-4
  8. Ahmed, S., Barbera, L., Bartlett, S. J., Bebb, G. D., Brundage, M., Sawatzky, R., …Temple, W. (2020). A catalyst for transforming health systems and person-centred care: Canadian national position statement on patient-reported outcomes. Current Oncology (Toronto), 27(2), 90-99. doi:10.3747/co.27.6399
  9. Santana, M.J., Manalili, K., Zelinsky, S., Brien, S., Gibbons, E., King, J., Frank, L., Wallström, S., Fairie, P., Leeb, K., Quan, H., Sawatzky, R. (2020). Improving the quality of person-centred healthcare from the patient perspective: Development of person-centred quality indicators. BMJ Open, 10(10), e037323-e037323. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037323
  10. Wilson, R., Cuthbertson, L., Kazis, L.E., Sawatzky, R. (2020). Measuring Health Status in Long-Term Residential Care: Adapting the Veterans RAND 12 Item Health Survey (VR-12©). Clinical Gerontologist, 1-13. doi:10.1080/07317115.2020.1752347
  11. Axelsson, L., Alvariza, A., Carlsson, N., Cohen, S. R., Sawatzky, R., & Årestedt, K. (2020). Measuring quality of life in life-threatening illness – content validity and response processes of MQOL-E and QOLLTI-F in Swedish patients and family carers. BMC Palliative Care, 19(1), 1-9. doi:10.1186/s12904-020-00549-6
  12. Poureslami, I., Shum, J., Kopec, J., Sawatzky, R., Gupta, S., Pakhale, S., Kassay, S., Starnes, K., Akhtar, A., FitzGerald, M., Canadian Airways Health Literacy Study Group. (2020). Development and pretesting of a new functional-based health literacy measurement tool for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma Management. International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 15, 613-625. doi:10.2147/COPD.S234418
  13. Schick-Makaroff, K., Sawatzky, R., & QPSS Research Team. (2020). Divergent perspectives on the use of the Edmonton symptom assessment system (revised) in palliative care. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 22(1), 75-81. doi:10.1097/NJH.0000000000000617
  14. Bryan, S., Suryaprakash, N., Sawatzky, R., Mulldoon, M., Le Mercier, M., Moorthy, D., Gandhi, R., Bains, S., Li, L., Doyle-Waters, M., Brown, S.,Goldsmith, L. (2020). A research agenda to improve patients’ experience of knee replacement surgery: A patient-oriented modified Delphi study of BC patients of South Asian origin. CMAJ Open, 8(1), E226-E233. doi:10.9778/cmajo.20190128
  15. Schick-Makaroff, K., Karimi-Dehkordi, M., Cuthbertson, L., Dixon, D., Cohen, S.R., Hilliard, N., Sawatzky, R. (2020). Using patient- and family-reported outcome and experience measures to inform continuity across transitions of care for frail older adults living at home: A meta-narrative synthesis. The Gerontologist, 2020, 1-16. doi:10.1093/geront/gnz162

Articles relevant to program of research

  1. °Sawatzky, R., *Kwon, J.Y., Barclay, R., Chauhan, C., Frank, L., van den Hout, W., Nielson, L.K., Nolte, S., Sprangers, M. (online – March 2, 2021). Implications of response shift for micro, meso, and macro healthcare decision-making using results of patient-reported outcome measures. Quality of Life Research, 2021, 1-15. doi: 10.1007/s11136-021-02766-9
  2. Sébille, V., Lix, L. M., Ayilara, O. F., Sajobi, T. T., Janssens, A Cecile J W, Sawatzky, R., Sprangers, M. A. G., Verdam, M. G. E., Response Shift – in Sync Working Group, & the Response Shift – in Sync Working Group. (online first – February 17, 2021). Critical examination of current response shift methods and proposal for advancing new methods. Quality of Life Research, doi:10.1007/s11136-020-02755-4.
  3. Sprangers, M., Sajobi, T., Vanier, A., Mayo, N., Sawatzky, R., Lix, L., Oort, F., Sebille, V. (online – January 22, 2021). Response shift in results of patient-reported outcome measures: A commentary to the Response Shift - in Sync Working Group Initiative. Quality of Life Research, 2021, 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s11136-020-02747-4
  4. Ahmed, S., Barbera, L., Bartlett, S. J., Bebb, G. D., Brundage, M., Sawatzky, R., …Temple, W. (2020). A catalyst for transforming health systems and person-centred care: Canadian national position statement on patient-reported outcomes. Current Oncology (Toronto), 27(2), 90-99. doi:10.3747/co.27.6399
  5. Santana, M.J., Manalili, K., Zelinsky, S., Brien, S., Gibbons, E., King, J., Frank, L., Wallström, S., Fairie, P., Leeb, K., Quan, H., Sawatzky, R. (2020). Improving the quality of person-centred healthcare from the patient perspective: Development of person-centred quality indicators. BMJ Open, 10(10), e037323-e037323. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037323
  6. *Wilson, R., Cuthbertson, L., Kazis, L.E., **Sawatzky, R. (2020). Measuring Health Status in Long-Term Residential Care: Adapting the Veterans RAND 12 Item Health Survey (VR-12©). Clinical Gerontologist, 1-13. doi:10.1080/07317115.2020.1752347
  7. Schick-Makaroff, K., **Sawatzky, R., & QPSS Research Team. (2020). Divergent perspectives on the use of the Edmonton symptom assessment system (revised) in palliative care. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 22(1), 75-81.doi:10.1097/NJH.0000000000000617
  8. Öhlén, J., Sawatzky, R., Pettersson, M.R., Sarenmalm, E.K., Håkanson, C., Smith, F., Wallengren, C., Friberg, F., Kodeda K., Carlsson, E. (2019). Preparedness for colorectal cancer surgery and recovery through a person-centred information and communication intervention – a quasi-experimental longitudinal design. PLoS ONE, 14(12), e0225816. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225816
  9. Cohen, S.R., *Russell, L.B., Leis, A., Shahidi, J., Porterfield, P., Kuhl, D.R., Gadermann, A.M., & Sawatzky, R. (2019). More comprehensively measuring quality of life in life-threatening illness: The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire – Expanded. BMC Palliative Care, 18(92), 1-11. doi:10.1186/s12904-019-0473 -y
  10. °Sawatzky, R., Roberts, D., *Russell, L., Bitschy, A., Ho, S., Desbiens, J-F., *Chan, E., Tayler, C., Stajduhar, K. (2019). Self-Perceived Competence of Nurses and Care Aides Providing a Palliative Approach in Home, Hospital, and Residential Care Settings: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 2019, 1-14. doi:10.1177/0844562119881043
  11. Stephen, T., Orr, A., Terblanche, L., & **Sawatzky, R. (2019). Integrating quality of life assessments in student clinical learning experience. Quality Advancement in Nursing Education – CASN Journal, 5(1), Article 4.  doi:10.17483/2368-6669.1182
  12. *Kwon, J. Y., Thorne, S., & **Sawatzky, R. (2019). Interpretation and use of patient-reported outcome measures through a philosophical lens. Quality of Life Research, 28(3), 629-636. doi: 10.1007/s11136-018-2051-9
  13. *Krawczyk, M., **Sawatzky, R., Schick-Makaroff, K., Stajduhar, K., Öhlen, J., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Laforest, E., & Cohen, S. R. (2019). Micro-meso-macro practice tensions in using patient-reported outcome and experience measures in hospital palliative care. Journal of Qualitative Health Research, 29(4), 510-521. doi: 10.1177/1049732318761366
  14. *Krawczyk, M. & **Sawatzky, R. (2019). Relational use of an electronic quality of life and practice support system in hospital palliative consult care. Palliative and Supportive Care, 17(2), 208-213. doi: 10.1017/S1478951518000020
  15. °Sawatzky, R., Laforest, E., Schick Makaroff, K., Stajduhar, K., Reimer-Kirkham, S., *Krawczyk, M., Öhlén, J., McLeod, B., Hilliard, N., Tayler, C., Cohen, SR. (2018). Design and introduction of a quality of life assessment and practice support system: Perspectives from palliative care settings. Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes, 2, 36. doi: 10.1186/s41687-018-0065-2
  16. °Sawatzky, R., *Russell, L. B., Sajobi. T. T., Lix. L. M., Kopec, J. A., & Zumbo, B. D., (2017). The use of latent variable mixture models to identify invariant items in test construction. Quality of Life Research, 27(7), 1745-1755. doi: 10.1007/s11136-017-1680-8
  17. Stajduhar, K. I., Sawatzky, R., Cohen, R., Heyland, D., Allan, D., Bidgood, D., Norgrove, L., & Gadermann, A. (2017). Bereaved family members' perceptions of the quality of end-of-life care across four types of inpatient care settings. BMC Palliative Care, 16, 59. doi: 10.1186/s12904-017-0237-5
  18. Sajobi, T. T., Brahmbatt, R., Lix, L. M., Zumbo, B. D., & Sawatzky, R. (2017). Scoping review of response shift methods: Current reporting practices and recommendations. Quality of Life Research, 27(5), 1133-1146. doi: 10.1007/s11136-017-1751-x
  19. Öhlén, J., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Astle, B., Håkanson, C., *Lee, J., Eriksson, M., & Sawatzky, R. (2017). Person-centred care dialectics – Inquired in the context of palliative care. Nursing Philosophy, 18(4), e12177. doi: 10.1111/nup.12177
  20. °Sawatzky, R., *Russell, L., Friberg, F., Pettersson, M., & Öhlén, J. (2017). Longitudinal person-centered measurement: A psychometric evaluation of the Preparedness for Colorectal Cancer Surgery Questionnaire (PCSQ). Patient Education and Counselling, 100(5), 827-835. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2016.11.010
  21. °Sawatzky, R., Porterfield, P., Roberts, D., *Lee, J., Liang, L., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Pesut, B., Schalkwyk, T., Stajduhar, K., Tayler, C., Baumbusch, J., & Thorne, S. (2017). Embedding a palliative approach in nursing care delivery: An integrated knowledge synthesis. Advances in Nursing Science, 40(3), 263–279. doi:10.1097/ANS.0000000000000163
  22. Öhlén, J., *Russell, L. B., Håkanson, C., Alvariza, A., Fürst, C. J., Årestedt, K., & **Sawatzky, R. (2017). Variations in care quality outcomes of dying people: Latent class analysis of an adult national register population. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 51(1), 13-24. doi:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.08.006
  23. Cohen, S. R., **Sawatzky, R., *Russell, L. B., Shahidi, J., Heyland, D. K., & Gadermann, A. M. (2017). Measuring the quality of life of people at the end of life: The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire - Revised (MQOL-R). Palliative Medicine, 31(2), 120-129. doi:10.1177/0269216316659603
  24. °Sawatzky, R., *Chan, E. K. H., Zumbo, B. D., Ahmed, S., Bartlett, S. J., Bingham, C., . . . Lix, L. M. (2017). Montreal Accord on Patient-Reported Outcomes (PROs) use series–Paper 7: Modern perspectives of measurement validation emphasize justification of inferences based on patient reported outcome scores. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 89, 154-159. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.12.002  
  25. °Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P. A., Kopec, J. A., Wu, A. D., & Zumbo, B. D. (2016). The accuracy of computerized adaptive testing in heterogeneous populations: A mixture item-response theory analysis. PLOS One, 11(3), e0150563. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150563
  26. °Sawatzky, R., Porterfield, P., *Lee, J., Dixon, D., *Lounsbury, K., Pesut, B., Roberts, D., Tayler, C., Voth, J., & Stajduhar, K. (2016). Conceptual foundations of a palliative approach: A knowledge synthesis. BMC Palliative Care, 15, 5. doi: 10.1186/s1290401600769
  27. Bryan, S., Davis, J., Broesch, J., Doyle-Waters, M. M., Lewis, S., McGrail, K., McGregor, M. J., Murphy, J. M., & **Sawatzky, R. (2014). Choosing your partner for the PROM: A review of evidence on patient-reported outcome measures for use in primary and community care. Healthcare Policy, 10(2), 38-51. doi: 10.12927/hcpol.2015.24035
  28. Thorne, S., & **Sawatzky, R. (2014). Particularizing the general: Sustaining theoretical integrity in the context of an evidence-based practice agenda. Advances in Nursing Science37(1), 5-18. doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000011
  29. °Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P. A., Kopec, J. A., & Zumbo, B. D. (2012). Latent variable mixture models: A promising approach for the validation of patient reported outcomes. Quality of Life Research, 21(4), 637-650. doi: 10.1007/s11136-011-9976-6.
  30. °Sawatzky, R., Gadermann, A., & Pesut, B. (2009). An investigation of the relationships between spirituality, health status and quality of life in adolescents. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 4, 5-22. doi: 10.1007/s11482-009-9065-y
  31. °Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P. A., Johnson, J. L., Kopec, J. A., & Zumbo, B. D. (2009). Sample heterogeneity and the measurement structure of the multidimensional students’ Life Satisfaction Scale. Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 94(12), 273–296. doi: 10.1007/s11205-008-9423-4
  32. °Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P., & Chiu, L. (2005). A meta-analysis of the relationship between spirituality and quality of life. Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 72(2), 153-188. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-004-5577-x

Affiliations & Memberships

Lead of Patient-Centred Measurement Methods Cluster         2018 (Feb) – current
British Columbia Support for People and Patient-Oriented Research and Trials
Vancouver, B.C.

Affiliate Professor                                                                   2018 (Feb) – current
University of Gothenburg, Salgrenska Academy
Gothenburg, Sweden

Program Head in Patient-Reported Outcomes                        2017 – current
University of British Columbia – Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcomes Sciences
Vancouver, B.C.

Research Affiliate                                                                   2016 – current
University of Victoria – Institute on Aging and Lifelong Health
Victoria, B.C.

Affiliate Associate Professor                                                   2015 – current
University of British Columbia – Measurement Evaluation and Research Methodology Program, Faculty of Education
Vancouver, B.C.

Adjunct Associate Professor                                                   2012 – current
University of Victoria – School of Nursing
Victoria, B.C.

Expertise

Sawatzky’s expertise lies in the practical, theoretical, and methodological foundations of health-related quality of life and patient-reported outcome assessments in healthcare services. Methods include quantitative analysis (psychometrics), mixed methods research, research synthesis, and knowledge translation.

Research Interests: Equitable people-centred health measurement and quality of life assessment, with a focus on people living with life-limiting illness and family caregivers.

Research Experience Summary: Current research includes: the integration and use of quality of life assessment tools in healthcare; validation of person-centred outcomes; methodological research on measuring person-centred outcomes over time; computerized adaptive testing of person-centred outcomes; health information systems; a palliative approach; spiritual and religious diversity in healthcare; and person-centred patient education.

Research Specialization Key Words: Patient-reported outcomes, health-related quality of life, palliative approach, measurement validity, psychometrics, knowledge synthesis, spirituality and health.

Research Centres: Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences (CHEOS) – University of British Columbia & Providence Health Care; Institute on Aging & Lifelong Health – University of Victoria; Sahlgrenska Academy & Centre for Person-Centred Care – University of Gothenburg.

Courses Taught

Courses taught to date:
  • Knowledge Translation (N692/3)
  • Nursing Inquiry II (quantitative methods) (N540)
  • Knowledge synthesis (N520)
  • Consolidation of Nursing Practice (N482)
  • Nursing Research (N332)
  • Nursing Care of Older Adults (N245)
  • Health Assessment (N116)
Courses currently taught:
  • Knowledge Translation (N692/3)
  • Nursing Inquiry II (quantitative methods) (N540)