Research & Scholarship
Academic and professional experience
Trinity Western University, 7600 Glover Road, Langley, British Columbia V2Y 1Y1 CANADA Sessional Associate Professor of Biology and Environmental Studies, 2012 to present Sessional Assistant Professor of Biology and Environmental Studies, 1998-2011 Lecturer in Biology, 1986-1997
Steensma Dairy, Lynden, Washington. Co-owner, 1982 to present
Whatcom Community College, Bellingham, Washington Instructor of Biology, 1985-1988 (first year biology, second year zoology courses)
Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington Graduate Teaching Assistant, 1982-1984. (anatomy and physiology, zoology courses)
As guest lecturer/visiting professor:
University of the Fraser Valley, Chilliwack, British Columbia Guest lecturer on topics related to integrated pest management, 2010-2014
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington Guest lecturer on the topics related to ecological agriculture, 2008-2014
Creation Care Semester Program, Western Samoa and University of Belize Visiting professor of tropical marine ecosystems; 1999-2005
AuSable Institute of Environmental Studies, Whidbey Island, Washington Visiting professor of marine stewardship; ecological agriculture guest lecturer, 2000-present
Trinity Western University, Langley, British Columbia Guest lecturer in Geography 400 Environmental Management Issues on the topic of farmland preservation, 2003; guest lecturer in IDIS 400 on the topic of creation stewardship.
M.S. Biology. 1985. Western Washington University. Thesis title: Feeding ecology of the gastropod Batillaria attramentaria.
B.S. Biology, cum laude. 1980. Washington State University. Focal area: animal conservation.
Awards & Honors
Awards and Scholarships
Murdock Charitable Trust Community Program Award (scientific advisor to A Rocha USA on $180,000 grant)
Whatcom Conservation District Award
Graduate Tuition Waiver Scholarship, Western Washington University
Presidential Honor Scholarship, Seattle Pacific University
Freshman Honor Scholarship, Calvin College
Alumni Scholarship, Calvin College
Lynden Kiwanis Honor Student Award
Research Grants and Awards Received
Endangered Species Recovery Fund/World Wildlife Fund (Canada) - $20,000
Whatcom Farm Friends (Washington) - $3,000
B.C. Ministry of Agriculture - $10,000
Fraser Valley Regional District (B.C.) - $10,000
Washington Blueberry Commission - $5,000
BC Blueberry Council /Agriculture Environment and Wildlife Fund - $18,000
US Department of Agriculture Specialty Crop Research Initiative (SCRI) - $287,000 (+$709,000 in match)
Western Sustainable Agriculture, Research and Education (WSARE) - $25,000 (to Steensma Dairy)
Environment Canada, Science Horizons - $12,000
Peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles
1. Anderson, A, CA Lindell, KM Moxcey, WF Simer, GM Linz, PD Curtis, JE Carroll, CL Burrows, JR Boulanger, KMM Steensma, SA Shwiff. 2013. Bird damage to select fruit crops: The cost of damage and the benefits of control in five states. Crop Protection 52:103-109.
2. Steensma, KMM, DR Clements, JR Wood and B Lowe. 2013. Stewarding the gift of land: Christian campuses as land management models. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 65:1-12.
3. Edworthy, AB, KMM Steensma, HM Zandberg, and PL Lilley. 2012. Characterization of home range size and habitat use in an endangered land snail. Canadian Journal of Zoology 90:875-844.
4. Steensma, KMM, PL Lilley, and HM Zandberg. 2009. Life history and habitat requirements of the Oregon forestsnail, Allogona townsendiana, (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata) in a British Columbia population. Invertebrate Biology 128(3):232-242.
Consulting projects and technical papers
1. Lindell, C, S Shwiff, P Curtis, P Howard, K Steensma, G Linz, J Boulanger, N Rothwell, J Carroll, C Oh, C Burrows, M Longstreth, C Kaiser, and D Lusch. 2014. Limiting bird damage in fruit crops. A Specialty Crop Research Initiative Project technical summary prepared for the US Department of Agriculture and growers.
2. Heron, J, C Bianchini, T Chatwin, G Gadsden, M Harrison, J Hirner, S Lavallee, P Lilley, J Malt, A Manweiler, K Ovaska, K Robbins, L Sopuck, K Steensma, T Stevens, A Tanaka, K Welstead, M Younie. 2012. Recovery plan for Oregon Forestsnail (Allogona townsendiana) in British Columbia. Report prepared for the BC Ministry of Environment. 50 pp.
3. Steensma, KMM, PL Lilley, M DenHaan, and J Thiessen. 2011. Riparian landscape remediation and Allogona townsendiana habitat restoration adjacent to the Neufeld Annex project at Trinity Western University. Langley, BC. Technical consulting project for Trinity Western University.
4. Steensma, KMM 2011. Ecological aspects of the Bertrand Creek corridor: report commissioned by the Axling Road Neighbors Group. Bellingham, WA. Technical consulting project and testimony to the Whatcom County Hearing Examiner.
5. Steensma, KMM 2010. Investigation of wild raptor habitat enhancement as a low-cost pest control method for blueberries. Lynden, WA and Abbotsford, BC. Progress report to the Washington Blueberry Commission and the BC Blueberry Council.
More... see CV
Laboratory manuals and field guides
1. Steensma, KMM and C Bylenga. 2015. The CRABBERS Guide: Ecology of Marine Life and Plants on Salt Spring Island, 6th ed. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. 210 pp.
2. Wernick, B, KMM Steensma, C Pittman, and CJ Flora. 2014. The SHRIMPERS Guide to the Bioherm, 3rd ed. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. 197 pp.
3. Fox, RS, D Kehler, and KMM Steensma. 2013. Invertebrate zoology laboratory manual. 4th ed. Langley, B.C.: Trinity Western University. 280 pp.
4. Steensma, KMM and C Bylenga. 2013. The CRABBERS Guide: Ecology of Marine Life and Plants on Salt Spring Island, 5th ed. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. 206 pp.
5. Wernick, B, KMM Steensma, C Pittman, and CJ Flora. 2012. The SHRIMPERS Guide to the Bioherm, 2nd ed. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. 208 pp.
6. Fox, RS, D Kehler, and KMM Steensma. 2011. Invertebrate zoology laboratory manual. 3rd ed. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. 278 pp.
7. Steensma, KMM and C Bylenga. 2011. The CRABBERS Guide: Ecology of Marine Life and Plants on Salt Spring Island, 4th ed. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. 213 pp.
8. Zandberg, H, B Dykstra, D Kehler, K Siemens, and KMM Steensma. 2011. Laboratory Guide to Developmental Biology. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. 56 pp.
9. Flora, CJ, CC Pittman, BG Wernick and KMM Steensma. 2010. The SHRIMPERS Guide to the Bioherm. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. 150 pp.
More... See CV
1. Steensma, K 2008. Pond habitat draws crowd. ARUSA News: Christians in Conservation 17:3.
2. Steensma, K 2007. Field of dreams: Mulder Wildlife Pond enhancement project. ARUSA News: Christians in Conservation 16:3.
More... See CV
Numerous guided beachwalks, farm talks, and naturalist presentations for various community groups, churches and schools, including Redeemer University College, Calvin College, Lynden Christian School, Lynden Public School, Alex Hope Elementary School, Ebenezer Christian School, A Rocha USA, A Rocha Canada, AuSable Institute, and many others.
1. Koepke, J*, D Leigh*, E Zwamborn, and KMM Steensma*. 2014. Investigation of falconry as a bird pest management practice in blueberry crops. Poster presentation, Washington Small Fruit Conference, Lynden, WA
2. Koepke, J*, D Leigh*, G Jordan, and KMM Steensma*. 2014. Exploring the distribution of bird damage in a blueberry field. Poster presentation, Washington Small Fruit Conference, Lynden, WA
3. Steensma, K*, S Kerr. 2014. Survey of bird damage to dairies. Washington State Dairy Federation Meeting, Vancouver, WA
4. Leigh, D*, J McLaughlin, and KMM Steensma. 2014. The effectiveness of American kestrels in deterring frugivorous birds in sweet cherry orchards. Limiting Bird Damage to Fruit Crops Meeting, Bellingham, WA
5. Leigh, D*, K Steensma* and C Burrows. 2014. Pacific Northwest field update. Limiting Bird Damage to Fruit Crops Meeting, Bellingham, WA
6. Steensma, K*, J Steensma, J DeJong, and J VanderVeen. 2014. Limiting bird damage at the dairyberry interface. Limiting Bird Damage to Fruit Crops Meeting, Bellingham, WA
7. Steensma, J*, and KMM Steensma*. 2014. Ecological agriculture on a conventional grazed dairy. Ecological Agriculture Course, AuSable Institute of Environmental Studies, invited on-farm field trip, Lynden, WA
8. Lindell, CA*, S Shwiff, P Curtis, P Howard, K Steensma, G Linz, J Boulanger, N Rothwell, J Carroll, C Oh, C Burrows, M Longstroth, C Kaiser, D Lusch, S Wieferich, H Henrichs, D Leigh, M Shave, R Eaton, Z Herrnstadt, A Anderson. 2014. Bird management in fruit crops: economic, consumer, and biological perspectives. American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL
9. Lapsansky, T* and KMM Steensma*. 2014. Falcons and other natural predators: the importance of wildlife to healthy agriculture. Presentation to Barnyard Kids 4H group, Lynden, WA
10. Steensma, J*, KMM Steensma*, and K Steensma*. 2014. Whatcom County dairy farming: economics, ecology, and technology. Environmental Studies Agriculture Course, University of Washington, invited on-farm field trip, Lynden, WA
11. Steensma, KMM. 2014. A case study in encouraging native raptors on an Abbotsford farm. Invited speaker, Integrated Pest Management Course, University of the Fraser Valley, Chilliwack, BC
12. Steensma, KMM*, D Leigh, C Rossetti, and K Steensma. 2014. Preventing bird damage in vineyards: pros and cons of several techniques. Invited speaker, Blue Mountain Horticulture Society, MiltonFreewater, OR
13. Burrows, CL*, KM Steensma*, D Leigh*, Katherine M Steensma, C Rossetti, CA Lindell. 2013. Bird management in fruit crops: the first two years of research. Poster presentation, Washington Small Fruit Conference, Lynden, WA
14. Leigh, D* and KMM Steensma. 2013. Deterring birds in blueberries: three potential techniques. Invited speaker, Washington Small Fruit Conference, Lynden, WA
15. Steensma, KMM*, D Leigh, C Burrows, and C Kaiser. 2013. Bird damage to fruit crops: Pacific Northwest update 2013. Limiting Bird Damage to Fruit Crops Meeting, East Lansing, Michigan.
16. Steensma KMM 2013. Limiting pest birds on dairies and fruit crops in the Pacific Northwest. Invited speaker, Integrated Pest Management Course, University of the Fraser Valley, Chilliwack, BC.
17. Steensma KMM 2013. Co-existence of farmers, cows, salmon and wildlife: Possibilities for the Fraser Valley in the 21st century. Invited speaker, Fraser Valley Watersheds Coalition, Mission, BC.
18. Zwamborn, E* and KMM Steensma. 2012. Investigation of the Viability of Falconry as an Alternative Bird Management Practice in Blueberry Crops. Poster presentation, Murdock Charitable Trust College Science Research Conference, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA.
19. Zwamborn, E* and KMM Steensma*. 2012. Investigation of the Viability of Falconry as an Alternative Bird Management Practice in Blueberry Crops. Poster presentation, Washington Small Fruit Conference, Lynden, WA.
20. Steensma, KMM* D Leigh* C Rossetti*. 2012. Preliminary quantification of bird damage to Northwest fruit crops. Invited speaker, Washington Small Fruit Conference, Lynden, WA.
21. Steensma, KMM 2012. Pacific Northwest bird damage to fruit: challenges of the 2012 field season. Invited presentation, Specialty Crop Research Initiative/Bird Research Group, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, CO.
22. Steensma, KMM 2011. Bird damage to fruit crops: a new collaborative approach across North America. Invited speaker, Washington Small Fruit Conference, Lynden and Prosser, WA.
23. Steensma, KMM 2011. Managing habitat for the Oregon forest snail Allogona townsendiana: Species at Risk Stewardship Practices on the South Coast. Invited speaker, South Coast Conservation Program, Seabird Island First Nation, Agassiz, BC.
24. Steensma, KMM 2011. Wild raptor enhancement: a potential low-cost pest control method for blueberries. Invited speaker, All Industry Washington Blueberry Meeting, Mt. Vernon, WA.
More... See CV
Conservation biology, ecological agriculture, marine ecology, and coral reef ecology.
Courses taught at TWU (1986-present)
Applied Ecology (Conservation Biology) 482
Environmental Studies and Biology Senior Thesis 409/410/411
Marine Ecology 382*
General Ecology 381
Coral Reef Ecology 364*
Invertebrate Zoology 360*
Environmental Physiology 344*
Developmental Biology 340
Vertebrate Zoology 308
Coral Reef Biology 264*
Marine Biology 262*
*Developed the course