In addition to the courses above, students must take an additional 18 sem. hrs., selecting 3 sem. hrs. from each of the following six categories. * At least 9 sem. hrs. must be from outside of the student’s major.


Aesthetic and Performance Inquiry (3 semester hours) demonstrates to students that some forms of knowledge are best understood through intuitive, imaginative, creative and interpretive methodologies in which maker and receiver come to insight and understanding. It affirms that the ability to understand and discern the world around us and our place within it is conditioned not only by the intellect, but also by the senses—the science of sensory knowledge and the appreciation of the beautiful playing a critical role in human experience. It teaches students that the aesthetic dimension of life ensures meaning and value in ways distinct from rationalism, pragmatism, and mechanism. Experiencing and reflecting on an art form cultivates abilities that can be valuably applied to and enhance other ways of learning and modes of inquiry.


Cultural and Linguistic Inquiry (3 semester hours) opens the door to the development of a set of cognitive, affective, and behavioural skills and characteristics that support effective and appropriate interaction in a particular cultural context. It may also introduce students to languages and linguistic principles, enabling them to immerse themselves in cultural experiences and develop cultural intelligence.   It may also explore the value, importance, and uniqueness of Indigenous languages which is an integral part of understanding Indigenous culture, knowledge and worldview.  This mode of inquiry engages students in questions of both cognitive and cultural complexity, as they interact with different ethnic and social groups, with cultural studies focused on specific people groups, and with various modes of language acquisition. By moving from theoretical notions of culture to the experience of particular cultures, students gain insight into cultural differences from the perspectives of the cultures themselves.


Experiential and Embodied Inquiry (3 semester hours) invites students to discover a new synthesis of knowledge through integrating theory and practical experience.  This experience provides a bridge between traditional classroom study and field-based situations and transforms theoretical knowledge into knowledge in use. More specifically, students develop cognitive complexity by bringing to bear upon a subject or situation that is not part of the regular curricular experience a range of perspectives rooted in different ways of knowing and being in the world.



Historical and Archival Inquiry (3 semester hours) instils in students the knowledge that to understand the present and prepare for the future, they must first come to terms with the past by engaging in methodical research of archival documents and artifacts. In training students to grasp the intimate relation between past events, present circumstances, and future possibilities, this mode of inquiry equips them to be engaged, socially responsible citizens. It also teaches students that all accounts of past events are shaped by the interpretive practices of the historian, enabling them to detect and interrogate the ideological dimension of historiography. 


Quantitative and Computational Inquiry (3 semester hours) prepares students to develop a way of thinking about the world that is mathematical in nature. This mode of inquiry covers a broad array of subject areas that involve mathematical objects ranging from numbers to more abstract objects, such as functions. In more abstract fields, students extend their quantitative and computational abilities in theoretical frameworks. In more applied areas, students learn to model problem solutions using mathematical and/or computing notations, analyze quantitative information, conduct computational analyses to answer meaningful questions, make judgments based on quantitative data and communicate the results of that work for various purposes and audiences. In some cases, this mode of inquiry may be realized within an empirical context. 


Social and Global Inquiry (3 semester hours) will provide theoretical and practical frameworks from which students can explore social and global issues. It will also sensitize them to the needs of the society around them and provide tools for engagement and leadership development in local, national, and global contexts. Encouraging students to appreciate the reality of human interconnectedness and uniqueness inspires them to become responsible persons, motivated by a caring Christian consciousness of the dignity and rights of all persons and of the need for strong, peaceful and respectful relationships with all others in order to contribute positively to society and the world.