Associate Professor
CanIL Harvest Centre
+1 (604) 888-7511 ext. 3963

Department(s) or Program(s)


Bill Gardner completed his M.A. in Linguistics at the University of North Dakota, and his Ph.D. in Intercultural Studies at Fuller Theological Seminary. From 1988-2013, he worked in the Congo, Mozambique, and Kenya, doing language survey, teaching linguistics, and serving as the Country Director for SIL-Mozambique.



Research & Scholarship

  • 2013 Presented paper at Phonetics and Phonology of Sub-Saharan Languages conference at Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa on “Morphophonemic alternations in the initial consonants of stems in Olunyole, a Luyia Bantu Language”
  • 2010 Dissertation: “Toward Transcultural Training in Phonological Processes for Bantu Language Mother Tongue Translators,” Pasadena: Fuller Theological Seminary
  • 2000 Member of Bantu Initiative Technical Committee, coordinated by SIL
  • 1998 Led the Ndau language survey in central Mozambique
  • 1995-1999 Research on the phonology and orthography of the Ndau language
  • 1988-1989 Participated in the Babole language survey and led the Bomitaba survey in northern Congo (Brazzaville)


Ph.D. Intercultural Studies (Fuller Theological Seminary); M.A. Linguistics (University of North Dakota); M.A. Christian Studies (New College for Advanced Christian Studies); B.Sc. (Hons.) Electrical Engineering (University of California at Davis)


Recent Publications

  • 2006 “Language Use in the Epena District of Northern Congo,” in SIL Electronic Survey Reports (
  • 2004 “An Introduction to the Phonology of New Testament Greek and Old Testament Hebrew,” in SIL-Mozambique Working Papers, Vol. 3
  • 2004 SIL Electronic Book Review of: “Ikalanga phonetics and phonology: a synchronic and diachronic study,” by Joyce T. Mathangwane
  • 2001 “Orthography Challenges in Bantu Languages,” in Notes on Literacy, Vol. 27, #4
  • 2000 “Consonant Mutation in Shona Languages,” in SIL-Mozambique Working Papers, Vol. 2
  • 1991 “Toward a Theology of Translation,” in Notes on Translation, Vol. 5, #3

Affiliations & Memberships

  • 2014 Licensed Minister with the Evangelical Covenant Church
  • 2013 Certified Linguistics Consultant with SIL Africa


Phonetics, Phonology, Translation Theory, Language Survey, Field Methods

Courses Taught

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

 LIN/G 4/593 OL Semantics & Pragmatics